The Glass Ceiling in the 21st Century: Understanding Barriers to Gender Equality

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Since the term "glass ceiling" was first coined in 1984, women have made great progress in terms of leadership equality with men in the workplace. Despite this, women are still under-represented in the upper echelons of organizations. In this volume, leading psychologists from the United States, Canada, and the European Union go beyond social commentary, anecdotal evidence and raw statistics to explain and offer remedies for this continued inequality, based on empirical evidence. Subtle barriers to women's advancement to and success in leadership positions are a major focus, such as women being recruited for upper-level positions that are associated with a high risk of failure or women managers being stereotyped as either competent or warm (but not both).

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781433804090
  • Publisher: American Psychological Association
  • Publication date: 11/15/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 344
  • Sales rank: 1,408,243
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

Ch. 1 Introduction: Is the Glass Ceiling Still Relevant in the 21st Century? Manuela Barreto Barreto, Manuela Michelle K. Ryan Ryan, Michelle K. Michael T. Schmitt Schmitt, Michael T. 3

I Developments in Workplace Gender Equality 19

Ch. 2 Stereotypes About Women, Men, and Leaders: Have Times Changed? Alice H. Eagly Eagly, Alice H. Sabine Sczesny Sczesny, Sabine 21

Ch. 3 Rose-Colored Glasses: How Tokenism and Comparisons With the Past Reduce the Visibility of Gender Inequality Michael T. Schmitt Schmitt, Michael T. Jennifer R. Spoor Spoor, Jennifer R. Kelly Danaher Danaher, Kelly Nyla R. Branscombe Branscombe, Nyla R. 49

Ch. 4 Warmth, Competence, and Ambivalent Sexism: Vertical Assault and Collateral Damage Mina Cikara Cikara, Mina Susan T. Fiske Fiske, Susan T. 73

II Responses to Subtle Barriers Women Face 97

Ch. 5 The Self-Fulfilling Effects of Contemporary Sexism: How It Affects Women's Well-Being and Behavior Manuela Barreto Barreto, Manuela Naomi Ellemers Ellemers, Naomi Sezgin Cihangir Cihangir, Sezgin Katherine Stroebe Stroebe, Katherine 99

Ch. 6 The Effects of Gender Stereotypes on Women's Career Choice: Opening the Glass Door Shen Zhang Shen, Zhang Toni Schmader Schmader, Toni Chad Forbes Forbes, Chad 125

III Gendered Experience in the Workplace 151

Ch. 7 The Stress of Working on the Edge: Implications of Glass Cliffs for Both Women and Organizations Michelle K. Ryan Ryan, Michelle K. S. Alexander Haslam Haslam, S. Alexander Mette D. Hersby Hersby, Mette D. Clara Kulich Kulich, Clara M. Dana Wilson-Kovacs Wilson-Kovacs, M. Dana 153

Ch. 8 Sexual Harassment and the Glass Ceiling Margaret S. Stockdale Stockdale, Margaret S. GargiBhattacharya Bhattacharya, Gargi 171

Ch. 9 Ceilings and Walls: Work-Life and "Family-Friendly" Policies Laura Sabattini Sabattini, Laura Faye J. Crosby Crosby, Faye J. 201

IV Solutions: Advancing Women's Equality in the Workplace 225

Ch. 10 Cross-Cultural Connections: Leveraging Social Networks for Women's Advancement Laurie Hunt Hunt, Laurie Gina LaRoche LaRoche, Gina Stacy Blake-Beard Blake-Beard, Stacy Eleanor Chin Chin, Eleanor Marisol Arroyave Arroyave, Marisol Maureen Scully Scully, Maureen 227

Ch. 11 Increasing the Representation and Status of Women in Employment: The Effectiveness of Affirmative Action Aarti Iyer Iyer, Aarti 257

Ch. 12 Managing Diversity in Work Groups: How Identity Processes Affect Diverse Work Groups Floor Rink Rink, Floor Naomi Ellemers Ellemers, Naomi 281

Author Index 305

Subject Index 321

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