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Global Bioethics: Issues of Conscience for the Twenty-First Century
     

Global Bioethics: Issues of Conscience for the Twenty-First Century

by Ronald M. Green, Aine Donovan, Steven A. Jauss
 

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ISBN-10: 0199546592

ISBN-13: 9780199546596

Pub. Date: 01/15/2009

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Medical care and biomedical research are rapidly becoming global. Ethical questions that once arose only in the narrow context of the physician-patient relationship in relatively prosperous societies are now being raised across societies, cultures, and continents. For example, what should be the "standard of care" for clinical trials of medical

Overview

Medical care and biomedical research are rapidly becoming global. Ethical questions that once arose only in the narrow context of the physician-patient relationship in relatively prosperous societies are now being raised across societies, cultures, and continents. For example, what should be the "standard of care" for clinical trials of medical innovations in poorer countries? Are researchers obligated to compare new therapies or drugs with the best known ones available, or can they use as a benchmark the actual treatments (or lack of treatments) available to poor people? Should pharmaceutical companies seeking to lower the costs of new drug trials be allowed to enroll citizens of less developed countries in them even when those individuals cannot afford and will not be eligible for the resulting drugs? More generally, should the norms of medicine and research be the same across cultures or can they adapt to local social, economic, or religious conditions? Global Bioethics gathers some of the world's leading bioethicists to explore many of the new questions raised by the globalization of medical care and biomedical research. Among the topics covered are the impact of globalization on the norms of medical ethics, the conduct of international research, the ethics of international collaborations, challenges to medical professionalism in the international setting, and the relation of religion to global bioethics.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199546596
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
01/15/2009
Series:
Issues in Biomedical Ethics Series
Pages:
368
Product dimensions:
5.70(w) x 8.50(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Part 1: Normative Bases
1. Population-Level Bioethics: Mapping a New Agenda, Daniel Wikler and Dan W. Brock
2. What Is It Like to Be A Bird? Wikler and Brock on the Ethics of Population Health, Nir Eyal
3. The Evolving Norms of Medical Ethics, Ezekiel J. Emanuel
4. Convergent Trends in Modern Medical Ethics: Medicine-based Ethics and Human Rights, J. J. M. van Delden
Part 2: Global Research Ethics
5. Just Research in an Unjust World: Can Harm Reduction Be an Acceptable Tool for Public Health Prevention Research?, Nancy E. Kass
6. Harm Reduction Research: Ethics and Compliance, Ana S. Iltis
7. Global Justice, Human Rights, and Health, Ruth Macklin
Part 3: Biomedical/bioethical Collaborations
8. Achieving Global Justice in Health Through Global Research Ethics: Supplementing Macklin's "Top-Down" Approach with one from the "Ground Up", Eric M. Meslin
9. Harnessing Advanced Technologies for Global Health Equity, Peter A. Singer, Archana Bhatt, Sarah E. Frew, Heather Greenwood, Jocelyn Mackie, Dilnoor Panjwani, Deepa L. Persad, Fabio Salamanca-Buentello, Béatrice Séguin, Andrew D. Taylor, Halla Thorsteinsdóttir, and Abdallah S. Daar
Part 4: Training Professional, Ethical Physicians
10. Medical Education for a Changing World: On Professionalism in Medicine and Medical Education, Robert Martensen
11. Professionalism and Medical Education in the Developing World, Kisali Pallangyo
Part 5 Euthanasia and Physician-assisted Death
12. Euthanasia: Not Just for Rich Countries, J. J. M. van Delden and Margaret P. Battin
Part 6: Global Bioethics and Religion
13. Embryo as Epiphenomenon: Understanding our Global Stem Cell Debates, Ronald M. Green
14. The Role and Influence of Religions in Bioethics, Denis Müller
Part 7: Public Global Bioethics Consultations
15. Global Norms, Informed Consensus and Hypocrisy in Bioethics, John Harris
16. Global Norms in Bioethics: Problems and Prospects, Françoise Baylis

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