The Global Divergence of Democracies / Edition 1

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Drawn from outstanding articles published in the Journal of Democracy, The Global Divergence of Democracies follows the enthusiastically received earlier volume, The Global Resurgence of Democracy.

The tremendous momentum of democratic expansion that characterized the 1980s and the first half of the 1990s has drawn to a halt. Significantly, this halt has not yet been followed by a "reverse wave"of democratic breakdowns, and democracy remains unchallenged as a global model and ideal of governance. The values of freedom, human rights, and popular sovereignty have continued to gain strength in the world. The first section of The Global Divergence of Democracies presents a few outstanding examples of the accumulating body of argument and evidence in favor of the universality of democratic principles and their basic compatibility with diverse religious and cultural traditions.

Nonetheless, in practice, the performance of the world's newer democracies has become increasingly varied, a trend reflected in the title of this volume: The Global Divergence of Democracies. The divergence in the quality or depth of democracy is matched by a parallel divergence in progress toward the consolidation of democracy. The second section of this volume is devoted to the hotly contested debate among leading scholars of comparative democracy of the utility and meaning of the concept of consolidation.

A third section examines some of the key building blocks of successful democracy, including political party systems, elections, federalism, the rule of law, a market economy, an independent judiciary, and civilian control of the military. The volume concludes with a series of appraisals of the divergent paths that democracy is taking both among and within various regions of the world, as well as in such key countries as Russia and China. With contributions by more than thirty of the world's leading scholars of democracy, this volume presents the most comprehensive assessment available of the state of democracy in the world at the beginning of the new millennium.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Editorial Reviews

Comprising articles published in the , this volume discusses the evidence in favor of the universality of democratic principles and their compatibility with diverse religious and cultural traditions; addresses the debate among scholars of comparative democracy over the meaning of the concept of consolidation; and examines the foundations of successful democracy. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780801868429
  • Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Publication date: 9/28/2001
  • Series: A Journal of Democracy Book Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 416
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.07 (d)

Meet the Author

Larry Diamond is senior fellow in the Hoover Institute of War, Revolution, and Peace at Stanford University.Marc F. Plattner is a counselor at the National Endowment for Democracy, a codirector of the International Forum for Democratic Studies, and a coeditor of the Journal of Democracy.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Table of Contents



Introduction - Larry Diamond and Marc F. Plattner

I - Democracy and Liberty: Universal Values?

1 Democracy as a Universal Value - Amartya Sen

2 Buddhism, Asian Values, and Democracy - His Holiness the Dalai Lama

3 Confucianism and Democracy - Francis Fukuyama

4 Muslims and Democracy - Abdou Filali-Ansary

5 How Far Can Free Government Travel? - Giovanni Sartori

6 Democracy and Liberty: The Cultural Connection - Russell Bova

7 From Liberalism to Liberal Democracy - Marc F. Plattner

II - Consolidating Democracy

8 Toward Consolidated Democracies - Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan

9 Illusions about Consolidation - Guillermo O'Donnell

10 O'Donnell's "Illusions": A Rejoinder - Richard Gunther, P. Nikiforos Diamandouros, and Hans Jürgen Puhle

11 Illusions and Conceptual Flaws: A Response - Guillermo O'Donnell

12 What Is Democratic Consolidation? - Andreas Schedler

III - Foundations of Successful Democracy

13 What Makes Democracies Endure? - Adam Przeworski, Michael Alvarez, José Antonio Cheibub, and Fernando Limongi

14 Party Systems in the Third Wave - Scott Mainwaring

15 What Makes Elections Free and Fair? - Jørgen Elklit and Palle Svenson

16 Federalism and Democracy: Beyond the U.S. Model - Alfred Stepan

17 Markets, Law, and Democracy - Charles Fried

18 Free Politics and Free Markets in Latin America - Jorge I. Domínguez

19 A New Jurisprudence for Africa - H. Kwasi Prempeh

20 How Democracies Control the Military - Richard H. Kohn

IV - Prospects and Challenges for Democracy in the New Century

21 A Quarter-Century of Declining Confidence - Susan J. Pharr, Robert D. Putnam, and Russell J. Dalton

22 Latin America at the Century's Turn - Abraham F. Lowenthal

23 The Postcommunist Divide - Jacques Rupnik

24 Putin's Russia: One Step Forward Two Steps Back - Michael McFaul

25 Will China Democratize? - Michel Oksenberg

26 Is Pakistan the (Reverse) Wave of the Future? - Larry Diamond


Johns Hopkins University Press

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