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The Global Struggle for Human Rights: Universal Principles in World Politics / Edition 1
     

The Global Struggle for Human Rights: Universal Principles in World Politics / Edition 1

by Debra L. DeLaet
 

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ISBN-10: 0534635725

ISBN-13: 9780534635725

Pub. Date: 02/24/2005

Publisher: Cengage Learning

When you read The Global Struggle For Human Rights you will encounter uniquely strong coverage of human rights in relation to gender equity, feminist perspectives, and sexual orientation with the theme of a universal perspective on human rights that is sensitive to cultural differences and diversity among and within nations. The book is also comprehensive and

Overview

When you read The Global Struggle For Human Rights you will encounter uniquely strong coverage of human rights in relation to gender equity, feminist perspectives, and sexual orientation with the theme of a universal perspective on human rights that is sensitive to cultural differences and diversity among and within nations. The book is also comprehensive and accessible in its discussion of human rights law, the question as to whether human rights are universal, the tension between state sovereignty and human rights, genocide, economic rights, and various concepts of justice as they relate to the promotion of fundamental human rights.

The author brings controversial issues to the center of her analysis because they clearly illustrate the political, social, and cultural obstacles to achieving international consensus on human rights norms.

Chapters on punitive justice (Chapter 9), which focuses on trials designed to punish perpetrators, and restorative justice (Chapter 10), which includes the use of truth commissions and other conciliatory mechanisms, go beyond the discussion of implementation of human rights in foreign policy, NGOs, or the UN. These chapters highlight the fact that trials and truth commissions have been among the most prominent responses to human rights abuses in recent years.

The unique framework clearly and explicitly emphasizes the gap between rhetoric-ambitious, idealistic language-and reality-political obstacles to implementation-to students, showing instead that the reality of global struggle for human rights is an inherently political process.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780534635725
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
02/24/2005
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
264
Product dimensions:
6.44(w) x 9.32(h) x 0.38(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction1
Why Study Human Rights?1
State Sovereignty and Human Rights3
Human Rights at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century: The Gap between Rhetoric and Reality4
Organization of the Book8
Part IHuman Rights in Theory and Law
1The Contested Meaning of Human Rights10
The Political Nature of Human Rights10
Defining the Concept of Human Rights11
The Philosophical Origins and Sources of Human Rights15
Defining and Categorizing Human Rights in Practice19
Conclusions23
Discussion Questions24
Web Resources24
2The Development of International Human Rights Law25
Does International Human Rights Law Matter?25
The Historical Foundations of International Human Rights Law26
The United Nations Core of International Human Rights Law28
The Distinction between Human Rights Law and Humanitarian Law34
Feminist Critiques of International Human Rights Law38
Sexual Orientation Discrimination and International Human Rights Law40
Conclusions41
Discussion Questions42
Web Resources43
3Are Human Rights Universal?44
Defining Universalism and Relativism44
Are Human Rights a Western Construct?46
Feminist Perspectives on Universalism and Relativism50
Case Study: Female Genital Mutilation or Female Circumcision?52
Case Study: Male Genital Mutilation or Male Circumcision?55
Conclusions59
Discussion Questions60
Part IIHuman Rights in Practice
4Civil and Political Rights in a World of Sovereign States62
Civil and Political Rights and State Sovereignty in Tension62
Case Study: National Security and Terrorism65
Case Study: Freedom of Movement, Civil Rights, and Sovereignty71
Conclusions75
Discussion Questions76
Web Resources77
5Collective Rights in a World of Sovereign States78
Human Rights as Collective Rights78
Collective Rights and Individual Rights80
Case Study: Self-Determination81
Case Study: Genocide93
Conclusions98
Discussion Questions99
Web Resources100
6Economic and Social Rights in a World of Sovereign States102
Economic and Social Rights as Human Rights102
Economic and Social Rights and State Sovereignty in Tension103
The Relationship between Economic and Social Rights and Civil and Political Rights106
Case Study: Human Development and Poverty108
Case Study: Health and Human Rights111
Conclusions116
Discussion Questions117
Web Resources118
7Sexual Equality and Human Rights119
Sexual Equality as a Human Right119
Women and Sexual Minorities: Special Rights or Human Rights?121
Case Study: Violence against Women124
Case Study: Sex-Specific Abuses of Human Rights during War127
Case Study: Sexual Orientation Discrimination129
Conclusions132
Discussion Questions133
Web Resources134
Part IIIHuman Rights and the Quest for Justice
8Promoting Human Rights From the Top Down135
Implementing Human Rights through International Organizations and States135
The United Nations Human Rights System136
Regional Human Rights Systems142
States, Foreign Policy, and Human Rights146
Case Study: U.S. Foreign Policy and American Exceptionalism147
Humanitarian Intervention150
Case Study: Humanitarian Intervention in Kosovo153
Conclusions155
Discussion Questions157
Web Resources158
9Punitive Justice and Human Rights159
Punitive Justice as a Response to Human Rights Abuses159
Trials and Punitive Justice160
Trials In Historical Perspective: The Development of Ad Hoc Tribunals162
Ad Hoc Tribunals after World War II: Nuremberg and Tokyo164
The International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia167
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda170
The International Criminal Court173
Prosecuting International Crimes in Domestic Courts176
Conclusions181
Discussion Questions185
Web Resources185
10Restorative Justice and Human Rights186
Restorative Justice as a Response to Human Rights Abuses186
Truth Commissions188
Reparations193
Apologies198
Conclusions201
Discussion Questions202
Web Resources203
11Promoting Human Rights From the Bottom Up204
Mobilizing Support for Human Rights in a World of Sovereign States204
Non-State Actors and the Global Struggle for Human Rights206
Case Study: Transnational Corporations and Human Rights210
Case Study: Health and Human Rights Advocacy213
Conclusions216
Discussion Questions217
Web Resources218
Conclusions219
Notes223
Index237

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