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GLOBAL STUDIES is a unique series designed to provide comprehensive background information and selected world press articles on the regions and countries of the world. Each GLOBAL STUDIES volume includes an annotated listing of World Wide Web sites and is now supported by an online Instructor's Resource Guide. Visit our website for more information: www.mchls.com.
GLOBAL STUDIES: INDIA AND SOUTH ASIA
Selected World Wide Web Sites
U.S. Statistics and Map
Canada Statistics and Map
India and South Asia Regional MapFive Images of South AsiaIndia MapCountry Reports
India (Republic of India)
Afghanistan (Islamic State of Afghanistan)
Bangladesh (People’s Republic of Bangladesh)
Bhutan (Kingdom of Bhutan)
Maldives (Republic of Maldives)
Nepal (Kingdom of Nepal)
Pakistan (Islamic Republic of Pakistan)
Sri Lanka (Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka)
1. India’s Democratic Challenge, Ashutosh Varshney, Foreign Affairs, March/April 2007. Democracy and market reform are uneasily aligned in India today, and the additional reforms necessary to raise the lot of India’s poor masses—who have enormous voting clout—may not garner a popular mandate at the ballot box. Although a long-term asset, democracy could prove to be a short-term headache for India’s reformers.
2. Rural Resistance, S. Viswanathan, Frontline, September 26, 2008. Unskilled workers in Tamil Nadu employed under the new National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) protest against mismanagement and police brutality.
3. Water to the People, Arvind Sivaramakrishnan, The HinduMagazine, October 19, 2008. Government officials and engineers participate in village forums to explore the democratization of issues of water access, conservation, and purification.
4. HIV in India—The Challenges Ahead, Robert Steinbrook, The New England Journal of Medicine, March 22, 2007. The primary focus of India’s National AIDS Control Program is on testing and prevention of STD. Treatment is improving in both medication and targeting, but the challenge this illness continues.
5. Shock of Assam, Sushanta Talukdar, Frontline, December 5, 2008. The October 30 serial blasts point to the collusion between local and outside terrorist agencies.
6. Why Dr Binayak Sen Must Be Released, Apoorvanand, India Abroad, May 16, 2008. Dr. Sen, founder of medical clinics and a civil rights activist in the tribal areas of Chhattisgarh, was incarcerated on May 14, 2007, on unsubstantiated charges that he was supporting the Naxalite Maoists who are conducting a terrorist insurrection there.
7. Mapping the Indian Mujahideen, Praveen Swami, The Hindu, October 4, 2008. India’s most feared terrorist group isn’t so much an organisation as a movement: a loose coalition of jihadists bound together by ideological affiliation and personal ties.Afghanistan
8. Saving Afghanistan, Barnett R. Rubin, Foreign Affairs, January/February, 2007. With the Taliban resurgent, reconstruction faltering, and opium poppy cultivation at an all-time high, Afghanistan is at risk of collapsing into chaos. Washington must increase its commitment to the area and rethink its strategy—especially its approach to Pakistan.
9. Beyond the Frame, Aunohita Mojumdar, The Hindu Magazine, September 14, 2008. Young women artists in Kabul, who have ventured into the long forbidden territory of contemporary art to explore themes of violence and regeneration, exhibited their work in Kolkata, India, in September, 2008.Bangladesh
10. Growing Discontent, Annie Kelly, The Guardian, February 20, 2008. One of the world’s largest NGOs has helped millions in Bangladesh, but critics now claim it acts as a parallel state, accountable to no one.
11. Professor Wins $1 Million Prize for Providing Clean Water, One Village at a Time, Tara Laskowski, The Mason Gazette, February 26, 2007. Professor Abul Hussam received the Grainger Challenge Award for his development of a water filtering system for arsenic contaminated water to improve health and save lives in developing countries. More than 30,000 SONO filters have been installed in his native Bangladesh.Bhutan
12. All the King’s Men, S. D. Muni, Frontline, April, 2008. Bhutan becomes the newest democracy as its unwilling voters elect Druk Phuensum Tshogpa to power with an overwhelming majority.
13. New Home for Bhutan’s Refugees, Kishor Pradhan, The Guardian Weekly, October 14, 2008. The account of the refugee experience of one of 4833 (according to UNHCR) who have left refugee camps in eastern Nepal to settle in the United States in 2008.Maldives
14. Maldives: Silent Revolution, B. Muralidhar Reddy, Frontline, November 21, 2008. Mohamed Nasheed, imprisoned as a leader of pro-democracy protests during the 1990s, was elected in the first national elections for president on October 28, 2008.Nepal
15. Fragile Peacemaking Underway as Nepal Ushers in Democracy, Seeks Talks with U.S., Veronica Zaragovia, PBS, Lehr News Hour Update on Nepal, September 25, 2008. After a decade-long civil war that left about 13,000 people dead ended in 2006, Nepal has reached a milestone in its peace process even though it is being guided by the same man who led the insurgency.
16. Date with Democracy, Siddharth Varadarajan, Frontline, April 25, 2008. An interview with retired civil servant Bhojlrajl Pokharel, Chief Election Commisioner, who conducted the first national elections for a Constituent Assembly in the new Republic of Nepal on April 10, 2008.
17. Maoists Lose Religion Battle in Nepal, Sudeshna Sarkar, South Asia Monitor, September 22, 2008. The Maoist government’s exclusion of financial support for religious festivals from its proposed budget led to extensive protests in Kathmandu. Subsequent negotiations led to its restoration.Pakistan
18. Pakistan Democracy: An Interview with Husain Haqqani, Nayan Chanda, YaleGlobal, October 15, 2008. Husain Haqqani—ambassador of Pakistan to the United States, as well as leading journalist and former advisor to Pakistani prime ministers including the late Benazir Bhutto—discusses the sustainability of Pakistan’s democracy, border disputes with India and his nation’s capability for fighting terrorism and mastering its own destiny.
19. Pakistan’s New Generation of Terrorists, Jayshree Bajoria, Backgrounder (Council on Foreign Relations, February 6, 2008). The changing dynamic of terrorist activity in Pakistan does not avail itself to a military solution; more understanding and political negotiations have greater potential in dealing with terrorism.
20. Pakistan Reborn? William Dalrymple, New Statesman, February 25, 2008. Confounding all predictions, the Pakistani people have clearly demonstrated that they want democracy to decide the future of their country. There is consensus from Lahore to Karachi.Sri Lanka
21. Sri Lanka: Calming Moves, B. Muralidhar Reddy, Frontline, November 21, 2008. President Rajapaksa responds to concerns expressed by the government of India for the safety for displaced Tamil civilians during the siege by the Sri Lanka army of LTTE strongholds in the northern tip of the country.
Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations