Global Urban Growth: A Reference Handbook

Overview

Global Urban Growth: A Reference Handbook examines urbanization and the challenges associated with rapid urban growth and urban sprawl from a truly global perspective, rather than presenting only a limited exploration of the subject by addressing a single city, country, or region.

Investigating urbanization and related policy challenges as both a general phenomenon of all modern societies and one that varies greatly in different regions of the world, the book charts different ...

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Global Urban Growth: A Reference Handbook

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Overview

Global Urban Growth: A Reference Handbook examines urbanization and the challenges associated with rapid urban growth and urban sprawl from a truly global perspective, rather than presenting only a limited exploration of the subject by addressing a single city, country, or region.

Investigating urbanization and related policy challenges as both a general phenomenon of all modern societies and one that varies greatly in different regions of the world, the book charts different growth trajectories in these societies and varying policy responses. Significant variations in culture, historical background, economic factors, and political and social development are considered. A chapter on the United States and Canada documents how urbanization trends have occurred in North America and presents our policy approaches in comparison and contrast with the rest of the world. The author offers a balanced overview by marshaling the facts and clearly presenting both the benefits and the drawbacks for readers.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"The work addresses key topics in an accessible, informative, and balanced way and offers a gateway to further research."

-

Library Journal

"This one-volume reference work by Williams (Western New England Univ.), an addition to the Contemporary World Issues series, efficiently tackles a broad and complex topic in a compact format. . . . Valuable print and nonprint resources lists include books, book chapters, articles, and the websites that offer data, analysis, and perspectives on many aspects of urban growth, including smart growth, sprawl, and demographics. Summing Up: Recommended."

-

Choice

"This work succeeds in laying a foundation for understanding the problems of rapid urbanization and attempts by international and governmental agencies to control growth. Intended for audiences with little or no knowledge about the subject."

-

ARBA

Library Journal
This is by no means a comprehensive resource on global urbanization. Instead, it is a generalized introduction to the subject for those seeking basic information about urban growth and its challenges around the world. Williams (political science and geography, Western New England Univ.; Urban Sprawl: A Reference Handbook) begins with an overview of urbanization and the issues associated with urban-growth pressures in all societies. He then chronicles the U.S. urban experience and compares it to that of countries in Latin America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. A brief chronology of key developments in the modern history of urban growth, short biographical sketches of prominent people in the field, key statistical data, and a directory of organizations associated with the study of urbanization are included to provide basic global, regional, and national information. There is not a lot of text here and very few tables and charts. However, an extended and detailed review of electronic and print resources is outstanding and extremely helpful for those looking to delve more deeply into the subject. VERDICT The work addresses key topics in an accessible, informative, and balanced way and offers a gateway to further research.—Rob Tench, Old Dominion Univ. Lib., Norfolk, VA
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781598844412
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 3/31/2012
  • Series: Contemporary World Issues Series
  • Pages: 311
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface xiii

1 Global Urban Growth 1

People and Urban Places 1

What Purposes Do Cities Serve? 3

Why Do People Prefer Cities? 5

Challenges of Urban Growth 7

References 9

2 Urban Growth Pressures and Sprawl in the United States 11

Background to the Current Crisis: Land Resources and Public Policy in the United States 11

Historic Evolution of Urban Land Use in the United States 12

The Contemporary Phenomenon of Urban Sprawl: Costs and Consequences 21

Making Better Use of the Land: The Debate over Controlling Urban Sprawl 25

Containing Sprawl through Local Zoning 25

Statewide Prescriptions for Sprawl 27

Preserving Rural Lands from Urban Sprawl 31

Fighting Sprawl by Reclaiming Central Cities 34

Improving Life in the Suburbs 36

Recent Trends in the Debate over Sprawl 39

The Smart-Growth Movement 39

The Property Rights Challenge 40

Federal Smart-Growth Initiatives 41

New Trends in Urban Growth 44

References 44

3 Urban Growth around the World 49

Urban Growth in the Developed World 50

Western Europe 50

Eastern Europe and Russia 55

Future Directions for Europe and Russia 57

Japan and East Asia 59

Canada 61

Urban Growth in the Developing World 62

Urbanization in Historical Perspective 62

Cities of the Developing World Today 63

Life in the Slums 64

Growth and Evolution of Slums 68

Latin America 69

Sub-Saharan Africa 70

Middle East 72

South Asia 74

Southeast Asia 75

China 76

Future Directions in the Developing World 78

What Can Be Done about Slums? 79

Turning to the International Community 81

Private Sector Solutions to Slums 82

References 83

4 Chronology 85

5 Biographical Sketches 95

Geoffrey Anderson 95

Jockin Arputham 96

Jonathan Barnett 97

Inga Björk-Klevby 97

Lawrence Bloom 98

Somsook Boonyabancha 99

Peter Calthorpe 99

Joan Clos 100

Wendell Cox 101

John M. DeGrove 102

Andres Duany 103

Alain Durand-Lasserve 104

Gordon Feller 104

Robert H. Freilich 105

Parris N. Glendening 106

Sir Peter Hall 107

William H. Hudnut 108

Bruce Kate 109

C. S. Kiang 110

Miloon Kothari 111

Gerrit-Jan Knaap 111

Aprodocio A. Laquian 112

Jaime Lerner 113

Patricia McCarney 114

Rose Seisie Molokoane 115

Neal Peirce 116

Douglas R. Porter 116

Eduardo Rojas 117

Baoxing Qiu 118

Samuel Staley 119

Anna K. Tibaijuka 119

Marc A. Weiss 121

6 Data and Documents 123

Data 123

Number and Total Population of New Cities Established Since 1990 UN-HABITAT Global Urban Observatory (2008) 123

Population of Slum Areas by Developing Region UN-HABITAT Global Urban Observatory (2008) 124

Proportion of Urban Population Living in Slums (2005) 125

United States Surface Area by Land Cover/Use (2007) 125

Developed Land, United States (1982-2007) 126

Change in Amount of Developed Non-federal Land in the United States, in Thousands of Acres over 25 Years (1982-2007) 126

Documents 128

City Plan: Directions for Vancouver (1995) 130

The Munich Perspective (1996) 135

Statewide Planning Program-State of Oregon (1973) 140

Charter of the Metropolitan Government of Portland, Oregon (1993) 150

Smart Growth and Neighborhood Conservation Initiatives-State of Maryland (1997) 170

Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlements (1996) 175

Curitiba Experience 179

7 Directory of Organizations 185

Global Urban Growth 185

U.S. National Advocacy Organizations 200

U.S. State and Regional Urban Growth Agencies and Advocacy Organizations 222

8 Resources 231

Print 232

General 232

United States arid Canada 235

Developed World: North America, Europe, and Asia 254

Developing World: Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East 262

Nonprint 277

Websites 277

Glossary 287

Index 297

About the Author 311

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