Globalisation and Agricultural Landscapes: Change Patterns and Policy trends in Developed Countries

Overview

Whilst agricultural landscapes are products of the local ecosystem and community in which they are situated, they are becoming increasingly affected by the same global issues, and are converging under the dynamics of globalisation. Combining landscape ecological research and an examination of relevant public policy, this book investigates the dynamic relationship between agricultural landscapes and the global change processes, such as urbanisation, by which they are being transformed. Landscape change is analysed...

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Overview

Whilst agricultural landscapes are products of the local ecosystem and community in which they are situated, they are becoming increasingly affected by the same global issues, and are converging under the dynamics of globalisation. Combining landscape ecological research and an examination of relevant public policy, this book investigates the dynamic relationship between agricultural landscapes and the global change processes, such as urbanisation, by which they are being transformed. Landscape change is analysed in the context of biophysical patterns, market dynamics, and specific public policy frameworks, through a series of case studies from different OECD countries spanning Europe, Asia Pacific and North America. Particular emphasis is placed upon the way that landscapes are changing under differing policies of agricultural subsidy including the EU Common Agricultural Policy. This is an ideal resource for graduate students and researchers in landscape ecology and agriculture as well as policy analysts working in the agricultural sector.

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Meet the Author

Jørgen Primdahl is Professor of Countryside and Landscape Planning at the Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape and Planning, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. He is a leading European specialist on agricultural landscape change and landscape stewardship policies. He is currently involved in international research concerning public policy interventions and the interface of globalisation and local landscape sustainability.

Simon Swaffield is Professor of Landscape Architecture at Lincoln University, Christchurch, New Zealand. He has researched and published extensively on contemporary patterns, processes, and perceptions of landscape change in New Zealand. In 2007 he received the Council of Educators in Landscape Architecture Award for Research and Communication.

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Table of Contents

List of Contributors ix

Preface xi

1 Globalisation and the sustainability of agricultural landscapes Jørgen Primdahl Simon Swaffield 1

2 Agricultural liberalisation, multifunctionality and the WTO: competing agendas for the future of farmed landscapes Clive Potter 17

3 Globalisation of agricultural landscapes: a land systems approach Anette Reenberg Tobias Langanke Søren Bech Pilgaard Kristensen Tina Svan Colding 31

4 Agricultural landscape changes through globalisation and biodiversity effects Jacques Baudry Santiago L. Poggio Fran&ccedile;oise Burel Catherine Laurent 57

5 Swiss agricultural policy reform: landscape changes in consequence of national agricultural policy and international competition pressure Nadja El Benni Bernard Lehmann 73

6 Local landscape consequences of macro-scale policy reform: the New Zealand experiment Simon Swaffield 95

7 Rural landscape differentiation in the face of changing demands and policies: a typology of rural areas in Portugal Teresa Pinto-Correia 127

8 Globalisation and the local agricultural landscape: current change patterns and public policy interventions Jørgen Primdahl 149

9 From totalitarian to democratic landscapes: the transition in Estonia Hannes Palang Anu Printsmann 169

10 Rural landscape change as a product of US federal policy Joan Iverson Nassauer 185

11 New approaches for urban-rural areas in Dutch spatial planning Marjan Hidding Marcel Pleijte 201

12 Restoring agricultural landscapes in shrinking cities: re-inventing traditional concepts in Japanese planning Makoto Yokohari Marco Amati Jay Bolthouse Hideharu Kurita 225

13 Globalisation and local agricultural landscapes: patterns of change, policy dilemmas and research questions Simon Swaffield Jørgen Primdahl 245

Index 271

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