Gnosticism And The New Testament

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780800628017
  • Publisher: Augsburg Fortress, Publishers
  • Publication date: 12/1/1993
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 272
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.61 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 1
Pt. 1 Gnostic Origins
1 The Search for Pre-Christian Gnosticism 9
Simon Magus 9
Jewish Syncretism 10
Gnostic Mythemes and Alienation 12
A Demonized World 15
2 Gnosticism and the Jewish Connection 20
A Samaritan Origin? 20
Linguistic Evidence for Palestinian Traditions 22
Enoch Traditions in Gnostic Mythology 24
Anti-Jewish Midrash 25
Christianizing Early Gnostic Traditions 26
3 Gnostic Influence and the New Testament 29
Variations on the Redeemer Figure 29
Gnostic Elements in the New Testament 31
Cultic Innovation and Mythology 34
4 Reconstructing Gnostic History 39
On the Margins of Judaism 40
Gnostic Teachers of the Second Century 42
Valentinians 44
Sethian Tradition History 45
Pt. 2 Gnostic and New Testament Traditions
5 Jesus as Teacher of Wisdom: Sayings and Revelation 53
Gospel of Thomas and the Sayings Tradition 53
Dialogue of the Savior 54
Sayings in Gospel of Truth 56
Kingdom Parables and Gnosis 59
Recovering the Divine Image 66
Praxis in Gospel of Thomas 69
6 Gnosis and the Pauline Tradition 74
Pauline Opponents (Schmithals) 74
Gnostic Mythemes and Pauline Anthropology 80
Eschatology and Anthropology 83
The Divine Image 85
7 Redeemer Myths and New Testament Hymns 93
The Revealer Appears in the World 93
The Powers React 96
Christianizing the Gnostic Redeemer 101
The Revealer in Zostrianos 102
The Revealer in Gospel of the Egyptians 104
8 Jesus as Word 109
Wisdom and Myth in John's Prologue 109
A Gnostic Reading of John's Prologue 112
John's Prologue and Trimorphic Protennoia 114
The Word as Revealer 117
9 Discourses of the Revealer 122
Jesus Reveals God 122
Postresurrection Revelations 124
The Style of the Revelation Discourse 127
Johannine Discourse and the Sayings Tradition (Koester) 130
"I Am" Predications as Text and Riddle 132
Discourse and the Elect Community 134
Pt. 3 Gnostic Christianity
10 Gnostic Identity: Conversion and Asceticism 145
Interpretation and Antinomianism 145
The Danger of the Demonic 149
A Call to Conversion 152
Salvation and Metaphor in Gospel of Truth 154
Conflict over Ascetic Practice 156
The Rhetoric of 1 John and Gospel of Truth 159
11 Women Disciples and Worshipers 164
Women in the Marcosian Sect 164
Women in Pauline Traditions 165
The Ambiguity of the Feminine 167
The Suffering of Wisdom 169
Repentance Displaces Wisdom 170
12 Christians: Gnostic and Orthodox 177
Gnostic Christian Writings 177
Irenaeus Against the Gnostics 179
Jesus' Disciples in Gnostic Sources 181
Christian Gnostics and Religious Pluralism 185
Christian Gnostics and the Gospel Canon 190
Abbreviations 195
Notes 199
Glossary 234
Bibliography 239
Index of Ancient Sources 249
Index of Modern Authors 259
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