God and Reason in the Middle Agesby Edward Grant
Pub. Date: 07/01/2001
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The Age of Reason associated with the names of Descartes, Newton, Hobbes, and the French philosophers, actually began in the universities that first emerged in the late Middle Ages (1100 to 1600) when the first large scale institutionalization of reason in the history of civilization occurred. This study shows how reason was used in the university subjects of logic, natural philosophy, and theology, and to a much lesser extent in medicine and law. The final chapter describes how the Middle Ages acquired an undeserved reputation as an age of superstition, barbarism, and unreason.
Table of Contents
Introduction; 1. The emergence of a transformed Europe in the twelfth century; 2. Reason asserts itself: the challenge to authority in the Early Middle Ages to 1200; 3. Reason takes hold: Aristotle and the Medieval University; 4. Reason in action: logic in the Faculty of Arts; 5. Reason in action: natural philosophy in the Faculty of Arts; 6. Reason in action: theology in the Faculty of Arts; 7. The assault on the Middle Ages; Conclusion: the culture and spirit of 'poking around'.
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