Eliza Burt Gamble (1841–1920) was an intellectual active in the 19th and early 20th century. She was an advocate of the Woman Movement, a mother, a writer, and a teacher from Michigan. Gamble’s writings pioneered the use of evolutionary theory as a resource for making claims about women. Her work engaged with Charles Darwin's theory of sexual selection. Her work paid significant attention to the importance of gender in evolution.