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God So Loved, He Gave: Entering the Movement of Divine Generosity

God So Loved, He Gave: Entering the Movement of Divine Generosity

by Kelly M. Kapic

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The God who created a good and perfect world, but whose world turned from him, has brought restoration through gift: The Father loved the world and gave the Son, and the Father and the Son pour out the gift of the Spirit into the hearts of humanity bringing about praise, hope, and new creation. Those who are united to the Son by his Spirit then find they have received


The God who created a good and perfect world, but whose world turned from him, has brought restoration through gift: The Father loved the world and gave the Son, and the Father and the Son pour out the gift of the Spirit into the hearts of humanity bringing about praise, hope, and new creation. Those who are united to the Son by his Spirit then find they have received the glorious gift of God’s coming Kingdom. In other words, the Gospel is shaped by giving: God’s generosity buys us out of bondage and brings us into all the blessings of belonging. But the good news is not only that God has made us to be recipients of his grace but also participants in the movement of his divine justice and generosity. Living in God’s gifts, Christians discover they are free to give themselves. The cross and resurrection of Christ come to shape and define this new life of faith, hope and generosity—a life that is best lived not in isolation but as a community. Throughout the book special attention is given to the relationship between divine generosity and concern for the poor and oppressed. Kapic and Borger encourage readers to not simply discover the immensity of God’s grace, but to enter into the flow of divine generosity as God has invited them to become avenues of his great gifts to the world.

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Zondervan Publishing
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God So Loved, He Gave

Entering the movement of divine generosity
By Kelly M. Kapic Justin Borger


Copyright © 2010 Kelly M. Kapic
All right reserved.

ISBN: 978-0-310-32969-5

Chapter One

All Things Belong to God

We Belong to the Lord

I remember asking my son, who was five at the time, about his day. Jonathan didn't think very long before he smiled and piped up, "I learned something. Do you want to hear it?"

"Yes," I replied.

"You can't serve two masters."

That made me smile. Clearly that morning his class must have looked at Matthew 6:24: "No one can serve two masters, for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and money."

I was impressed with what he learned, and I thought our conversation would move on, but Jonathan asked: "Do you know what a master is?" Intrigued, I wondered what he might say. "Owner" was his simple reply. Satisfied that he had taught me enough for one evening, he returned to his dinner in hopes of getting dessert. But even as he moved on, I found myself taken aback by his simple but deeply insightful answer-okay, he was probably just repeating what he learned in class, but coming from the mouth of a child it felt profound. Was Jonathan right?

In 1563 some ministers produced a catechism in Heidelberg, Germany, to teach the essential truths of the Christian faith. The first question in the catechism moves us to the heart of the matter:

Question 1: What is your only comfort, in life and in death?

Answer: That I belong-body and soul, in life and in death-not to myself but to my faithful Savior, Jesus Christ.... (emphasis mine)

But Don't We Own Ourselves?

Our passion to possess, however, jeopardizes this joy of belonging to God. Especially in the affluent West, our sense of self can become so wrapped up with the idea of self-ownership that the thought of belonging to somebody else-including God-looks like a threat and not a hope. Fearing to give, we grasp ever more tightly. We constantly clamor for our "rights" and cling to the impression that we own our bodies, our money, our ideas, our time, our property, and everything else we can manage to slap our name tag on. But more than anything else, we feel sure that we own ourselves.

John Locke (1632-1704), the English philosopher and political thinker, helped shape this modern mentality, arguing that self-ownership is an incontestable human right:

Though the earth and all inferior creatures be common to all men, yet every man has a property in his own person; this nobody has any right to but himself.

The loss of self-ownership, whether to states or to other people, led to all kinds of abuse in Locke's world. Fears of such abuse are woven into the fabric of many contemporary political and social ideals.

In fact, today it seems offensive, maybe even anti-American to be told that there may be a problem with the idea that we own ourselves. After all, how can we ever downplay the great wickedness of slavery in America's past? Without question, this historical evil that darkens our history makes it almost impossible for us to conceive of the idea of being "owned" or having a "master" as a good thing. But is it possible that lives lived under the impression of self-ownership might actually harm both ourselves and others?

There still remains an underlying problem that can be hard for us to recognize, much less admit. We live under the burden and illusion of self-ownership. Think of commercials that tell women that at forty-five years old they should still look twenty-eight, and if not, it is their fault for not buying the product. Parents are promised their children's future success if they will only purchase the newest educational video and attend every extracurricular sporting activity. From the clothes we wear to the food we eat, the reality is that convention, society, and a complex of other competing forces own us. We are owned by our possessions; owned by those around us; owned by people we have never met but who exert incredible power over our lives in some of the most subtle and sinister ways.

So we enter into the myth of self-ownership, and we cannot hear the good news. I will never forget when we lived overseas and I spoke with a British friend about his recent visit to New York City. Discussing his time in the States he said, "Americans are funny, because most of them pride themselves on being free, with everyone living just as they want. Yet, the truth is," he continued, "everywhere in New York I went I saw people wearing uniforms. A child of six years old and a man in his fifties looked the same, each wearing baggy Levi's, a t-shirt, and a ball cap." His point was that their freedom was illusory.

The concept of freedom can be deceptive, and in truth pure self-ownership is impossible and a lie, because we are always owned. The question is not if you will be owned, but to whom will you belong? We are called to choose this day whom we will serve (Josh. 24:14-15). Will you belong to the true Owner or to competing powers? Deep down we sense we are owned and we rage against this, but in the process we end up serving degrading masters rather than the Lord of love.

Embracing God's Ownership as Good News

The great tragedy of this possessive way of thinking about ourselves is that it causes so many to reject the gospel itself, the good news that we are not our own but have been "called to belong to Jesus Christ" (Rom. 1:6, italics added). The gospel tells us that we have been "bought with a price" (1 Cor. 6:19-20) and that God has "set his seal of ownership on us" by his Holy Spirit (2 Cor. 1:22 NIV). "The God of Christians," Blaise Pascal once said, "the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, the God of Jacob ... is a God of love and of consolation: he is a God who fills the soul and heart of those whom he possesses." But when we think of ourselves as our own personal property, it becomes difficult to embrace God's ownership as good news. After all, how can the gospel be "good news" when it calls us to deny the very thing we see as our ultimate possession? If we are ever going to appreciate this liberating truth of belonging to God, we must first be reminded of God's original relation to creation.

God's Gift of Creation

From the nebulae in outer space to our personal savings accounts-God owns everything. As the Dutch statesmen Abraham Kuyper (1837-1920) famously put it, "there is not a single inch on the whole terrain of our human existence over which Christ ... does not exclaim, 'Mine'!" As we will see, this expansive view of God's ownership is found not merely in a few obscure passages of Scripture, but it is an ever-present assumption throughout the whole Bible. Fundamental to the reality of God's ownership of all things is the truth that he alone is the Creator of everything that exists.

God Created out of Freedom, Not out of Need

We cannot rightly conceive of the gift of creation until we first recognize that God's creative actions are free. By definition, gifts are unnecessary. God did not have to create. If we are ever to understand the joy and power of human liberty, we must first gain a better appreciation of God's glorious freedom. It is out of divine freedom that God creates-nothing forced his hand.

Creation was not made in order to perfect something lacking in God. As A. W. Tozer reminds us, "To admit the existence of a need in God is to admit incompleteness in the divine Being. Need is a creature-word and cannot be spoken of the Creator. God has a voluntary relation to everything He has made." Acts 17:24-25 confesses this truth:

The God who made the world and everything in it is the Lord of heaven and earth ... he is not served by human hands, as if he needed anything, because he himself gives all men life and breath and everything else. (NIV)

This does not mean that God is distant or unconcerned, but the exact opposite inference is more fitting. The God who did not need to create, who is eternally complete in himself, is the God who does create, who continues to uphold what he created, and who takes a personal interest in each life and molecule of creation.

God Created out of His Triune Love

God's generosity flows out of his love, and thus we must ask a few key questions about his love. Did God need to create in order to experience love? Does God only become loving after he creates, when there is something to love? Actually, no.

Scripture affirms that "God is love" (1 John 4:9, 16). Love is a perfection of God's being, which means it is not something temporary or accidental to him. All of his being is of love. To speak of God apart from his love is to speak of someone other than God.

How, then, is it possible that God loves before there is a creation? Simply put, the God who creates is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, one God existing in perfect unity and love in a triune manner. Pope Benedict XVI, reflecting on John's comment that "God is love," says it well:

Here we find ourselves before the most dazzling revelation of the source of love, the mystery of the Trinity: in God, one and triune, there is an everlasting exchange of love between the persons of the Father and the Son, and this love is not an energy or a sentiment, but it is a person; it is the Holy Spirit.

Here Pope Benedict reflects a long Christian tradition, which sometimes spoke of the Father as the Lover, the Son as the Beloved, and the Spirit as the Love between them.

Although analogies between God's love and our love have significant problems, one thing in Scripture is clear: the eternal God is love. Divine and eternal love is then unfolded and directed toward creation from the Father through the Son in the Spirit. God does not need to create in order to experience love, because the triune God exists in love within himself. He creates as an outworking of that eternal love. C. S. Lewis summarizes the point well: "God, who needs nothing, loves into existence wholly superfluous creatures in order that he may love and perfect them." God creates out of the overflow of his eternal triune love, and we were made to enjoy and respond to this very love.

God Created for the Purpose of Celebration

Centuries ago theologians claimed that the end or goal of creation was the glory or celebration of God (Gloria or celebratio Dei). Creation's existence is meant both to bring God glory and enable all his creation to enjoy him. All things were made to reflect and express the Creator's beauty and majesty. Consequently, while creation's primary end is God's glory, the secondary end is humanity's good. "Yahweh's good intention," says Walter Brueggemann, "is a place of fruitfulness, abundance, productivity, extravagance-all terms summed up in the word blessing."


Excerpted from God So Loved, He Gave by Kelly M. Kapic Justin Borger Copyright © 2010 by Kelly M. Kapic. Excerpted by permission.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

What People are Saying About This

Dallas Willard
“A forceful presentation … vividly inspiring.” --(Dallas Willard, author of Divine Conspiracy and Renovation of the Heart)
Jeff Bridges
“An amazing book.” --(Jerry Bridges, author of The Pursuit of Holiness)
Tim Keller
“This book shows why anyone who grasps the nature of God and of his gospel will live a life poured out in acts of generosity. I’m glad to recommend it. --(Tim Keller, Pastor, Redeemer Presbyterian Church, New York City)
John Webster
“A work of rare theological and spiritual perceptiveness. This is practical Christian divinity at its best: intellectually astute, humane, and animated by the gospel’s generosity.’ --(John Webster, Professor, King’s College, University of Aberdeen, Scotland)
From the Publisher
God So Loved, He Gave is an amazing book. In it Kelly Kapic deftly moves from our being recipients of all God’s generous gifts through Christ to our being stewards of God’s gifts as we share them with others. This book is both encouraging and challenging. It should be read attentively and prayerfully. -- Jerry Bridges, Author

Here is a rich portrayal of redemption! In God So Loved, He Gave we are challenged to don the familiar story of salvation as a vestment more precious than the king’s crown jewels. As we robe ourselves we take delight in the story’s often surprising and baffling, but always precious, truths. Sparkling quotes enliven each chapter. -- Bruce Waltke, Author

The Heidelberg Catechism tells us that “It is impossible that those grafted into Christ by true faith should not bring forth fruits of thankfulness.” This book by Kelly Kapic shows why. It shows biblically and theologically anyone who grasps the nature of God and of his gospel will live a life poured out in acts of generosity, especially to the poorest and most needy. I’m glad to recommend it. -- Tim Keller, Pastor

Our cultural environment seems to assume a world as a given rather than a gift, debt rather than exchange, limited resources rather than “enough to go around.” How refreshing it is to step into the world of the Triune God, who not only gives it all but creates a new society that anticipates his everlasting shalom. Kapic leads us into the breathtaking vistas of this new creation, with beauty and wisdom. This book itself is a welcome gift to Christ’s body. -- Michael Horton, Professor

God So Loved, He Gave is a work of rare theological and spiritual perceptiveness. As it conducts its readers through the movement of God's ways with the world, it invites them to contemplate the divine works and to be formed in godliness by them. This is practical Christian divinity at its best: intellectually astute, humane, and animated by the gospel's generosity. -- John Webster, Professor

Many books today address the practical questions of stewardship and generosity. But few do this while making the crucial connection between the gospel and giving. I highly recommend God So Loved, He Gave for every recipient of God’s grace who desires to become a participant in divine generosity. -- Howard Dayton, Founder

God so Loved, He Gave: Entering the Movement of Divine Generosity, is a must read. Jesus himself said it is more blessed to give than to receive. Entering the movement of divine generosity is what we all ought to be concerned about. This book is a great book; it is beautifully written, practical, helpful, and biblically sound. I encourage all Christians, particularly those seeking to experience the blessings that come out of generosity, to read this book. The blessings we receive from generosity are not limited to strictly financial blessings, but often are the blessings of love and encouragement that we get from sharing our lives with others. These blessings are more precious than silver and gold. -- John Perkins, Founder and President

This fine book is an elegant portrayal of a marvelously generous God, who calls his people to show forth his generosity in a world that he sent his Son to redeem. -- Richard J. Mouw, President and Professor

In this book Kelly Kapic uses his considerable wisdom and skill to unpack the story of God’s generosity and what it means to belong to and follow a generous God. At stake is nothing less than what it means to follow Christ faithfully in today’s world. Kapic is a clear communicator who cherishes Christ, cares for the church, and conducts all the right conversations across the fields of biblical theology, systematic theology, historical theology, and practical theology. The result is a rare combination---a robust, warm-hearted, accessible book that glories our generous Triune God and will instruct and inspire readers throughout the church. -- Justin Taylor, Managing Editor

Carolyn Custis James
“A thought-provoking, deeply needed vision of our calling to gospel-living.” --(Carolyn Custis James, author of Half the Church)

Meet the Author

Kelly M. Kapic is Professor of Theological Studies at Covenant College in Lookout Mountain, Georgia. He is the author of Communion with God: The Divine and Human in the Theology of John Owen and editor of The Devoted Life: An Invitation to the Puritan Classics, Overcoming Sin and Temptation, and Communion with the Triune God. Kelly is married to Tabitha, who is the U.S. National Director of Medair, an international relief and rehabilitation organization.  Kelly and Tabitha have two children who keep them honest and laughing.
Justin L. Borger has worked with Generous Giving (GG) as a staff writer, researcher, and theological consultant since 2005 and served as the primary writer for GG’s Stewardship Bible Study Notes. He also served as a content review board editor for the NIV Stewardship Study Bible. Borger graduated from Covenant College in 2006 with a B.A. in Philosophy and is currently pursuing an M.Div. at Reformed Theological Seminary, Orlando FL. He continues to serve as an advocate for Food for the Hungry.

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