God, the Devil, and Darwin: A Critique of Intelligent Design Theory / Edition 1

God, the Devil, and Darwin: A Critique of Intelligent Design Theory / Edition 1

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by Niall Shanks
     
 

In the last fifteen years a controversial new theory of the origins of biological complexity and the nature of the universe has been fomenting bitter debates in education and science policy across North America, Europe, and Australia. Backed by intellectuals at respectable universities, Intelligent Design Theory (ID) proposes an alternative to accepted accounts of

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Overview

In the last fifteen years a controversial new theory of the origins of biological complexity and the nature of the universe has been fomenting bitter debates in education and science policy across North America, Europe, and Australia. Backed by intellectuals at respectable universities, Intelligent Design Theory (ID) proposes an alternative to accepted accounts of evolutionary theory: that life is so complex, and that the universe is so fine-tuned for the appearance of life, that the only plausible explanation is the existence of an intelligent designer. For many ID theorists, the designer is taken to be the god of Christianity.

Niall Shanks has written the first accessible introduction to, and critique of, this controversial new intellectual movement. Shanks locates the growth of ID in the last two decades of the twentieth century in the growing influence of the American religious right. But as he shows, its roots go back beyond Aquinas to Ancient Greece. After looking at the historical roots of ID, Shanks takes a hard look at its intellectual underpinnings, discussing modern understandings of thermodynamics, and how self-organizing processes lead to complex physical, chemical, and biological systems. He considers cosmological arguments for ID rooted in so-called "anthropic coincidences" and also tackles new biochemical arguments for ID based on "irreducible biological complexity." Throughout he shows how arguments for ID lack cohesion, rest on errors and unfounded suppositions, and generally are grossly inferior to evolutionary explanations.

While ID has been proposed as a scientific alternative to evolutionary biology, Shanks argues that ID is in fact "old creationist wine in new designer label bottles" and moreover is a serious threat to the scientific and democratic values that are our cultural and intellectual inheritance from the Enlightenment.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195322378
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
03/15/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
296
Sales rank:
930,041
Product dimensions:
8.20(w) x 5.50(h) x 0.80(d)

Meet the Author

Niall Shanks, a native of England, earned his Ph.D. at the University of Alberta, Canada. He is currently Curtis D. Gridley Professor in the History and Philosophy of Science at Wichita State University.

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Introduction: The Many Designs of the Intelligent Design Movement3
1The Evolution of Intelligent Design Arguments19
2Darwin and the Illusion of Intelligent Design50
3Thermodynamics and the Origins of Order93
4Science and the Supernatural135
5The Biochemical Case for Intelligent Design160
6The Cosmological Case for Intelligent Design191
Conclusion: Intelligent Designs on Society224
Glossary247
Bibliography259
Index269

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