God's Kingdom and God's Son: The Background to Mark's Christology from Concepts of Kingship in the Psalms

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How is the kingdom of God related to Messianic kingship (or divine sonship)? Starting from what he terms a 'two-tier' kingship in the Psalms, Robert Rowe explores the linkage of these terms in Mark's gospel.
The linked concepts - God's kingship and Davidic (Messianic) kingship - are traced from the Psalms and Isaiah 40-66, through the Dead Sea Scrolls and other inter-testamental documents, into Mark's gospel. Mark's characterization of Jesus as Messiah is shown to centre around four royal Psalms (2; 22; 110; 118).
Contributing to the continuing study of the Old Testament in the New, Rowe argues that the concepts of God's kingdom and the Messiah are inherently closely related. This has importance both for the study of the historical Jesus, and for Mark's presentation of God and Jesus in his gospel.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'This fine study of Mark's Christology will be read eagerly by all serious students of our earliest Gospel. This well-written, thorough study is a delight to read. The author shows how strongly the evangelist Mark has been influenced by several Psalms and how close is the link between the two themes of his title.’
Graham N. Stanton, University of Cambridge.
This is a very thorough study, which shines light onto present research into the Old Testament Judaism and New Testament. It achieves a convincing result in this controversial field, leading research further.’
Prof. Dr. M. Hengel, Tübingen.
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Robert Rowe studied theology at Cambridge University and London Bible College. This work is an updated version of his Ph.D., which was supervised by Dr. Donald Guthrie. Dr. Rowe is now senior partner of a law firm in London.
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Table of Contents

Note on Translation and References
Introduction 1
Pt. 1 The Kingship of God and Davidic (or Messianic) Kingship in the Psalms and Isaiah 40-66
I Concepts of Kingship in the Psalms 13
1 Introduction 13
2 The Kingship of Yahweh in the Psalms 14
3 Davidic Kingship in the Psalms 31
4 Summary of the Relationship between the Kingship of Yahweh and Davidic Kingship 59
II Another View of Kingship - from the Later Chapters of Isaiah 63
1 Introduction 63
2 The Kingship of Yahweh 65
3 Messianic Kingship 70
4 Summary of the Relationship between the Kingship of Yahweh and Messianic Kingship 82
Pt. 2 The Kingship (or Kingdom) of God in Early Judaism and Mark's Gospel
III The Kingdom of God in Early Judaism 87
1 Addressing God as 'King' - in the Apocrypha 87
2 God's sovereignty vindicated - 2 Maccabees and Daniel 90
3 1 Enoch, Assumption of Moses and other apocalyptic works 93
4 The Qumran documents 97
5 Hellenistic Jewish literature 103
6 Psalms of Solomon - a Palestinian perspective 106
7 Synagogues prayers, Rabbinic literature and the Targums 109
8 Summary 113
IV The Kingdom of God in Mark 115
1 The Initial Proclamation of the Kingdom of God 115
2 The Kingdom of God in relation to Jesus 123
a The Parables of the Kingdom 123
b The Future Kingdom and the Transfiguration 133
c Teaching on Discipleship and Entry into the Kindgom 145
3 Summary 158
Pt. 3 Messiah(s) and Messianic Kingship in Early Judaism and Mark's Gospel
V Messianic Figures in Early Judaism 165
1 Messianic Figures at Qumran 166
2 Messianic Figures Elsewhere in Early Judaism 190
3 The Political Context and the Zealot Movement 219
VI The Messianic Kingship of Jesus in Mark 229
1 Preliminary: the Question of Jesus' Identity in Mark 229
2 Passages in the later chapters of Isaiah 235
3 Psalm 2 - God's Son 242
4 Psalm 118 - the Rejected Stone/Cornerstone and the One who Comes in the Lord's Name 262
5 Psalm 110 - David's Lord seated at the Lord's Right Hand 278
6 Psalm 22 and other Lament-Psalms - Forsaken by God 295
7 Summary 304
Conclusions 307
Bibliography 315
Index of Ancient References 371
Index of Modern Authors 406
Index of Selected Topics 414
Key to Hebrew/Aramaic and Greek words and phrases 423
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