Epictetus (c. 55-135 A.D.) was a Greek stoic philosopher. Raised a slave, Epictetus spent his youth owned by a secretary to Roman emperor Nero, who allowed him to study philosophy under Musonius Rufus. By the early 90s, Epictetus had gained his freedom and was teaching philosophy in Rome when Domitian banished all philosophers from the capital. He journeyed to Nicopolis in Greece, where he founded a school and resumed teaching. A dedicated stoic, Epictetus lived a simple life and owned few possessions.