Good Reasons: Researching and Writing Effective Arguments / Edition 5 by Lester Faigley, Jack Selzer | | 2900205012649 | Paperback | Barnes & Noble
Good Reasons: Researching and Writing Effective Arguments / Edition 5

Good Reasons: Researching and Writing Effective Arguments / Edition 5

by Lester Faigley

ISBN-10: 0205012647

ISBN-13: 2900205012649

Pub. Date: 01/10/2011

Publisher: Longman

Engaging and accessible to all students, Good Reasons is a brief, highly readable introduction to argument by two of the country's foremost rhetoricians.

By stressing the rhetorical situation and audience, this argument rhetoric avoids complicated schemes and terminology in favor of providing students with the practical means to


Engaging and accessible to all students, Good Reasons is a brief, highly readable introduction to argument by two of the country's foremost rhetoricians.

By stressing the rhetorical situation and audience, this argument rhetoric avoids complicated schemes and terminology in favor of providing students with the practical means to find "good reasons" to argue for the positions they take. Good Reasons helps students read, analyze, and write various types of arguments, including visual, verbal, and written. Supporting the authors' instruction are readings by professional and student writers and over 75 visuals. Good Reasons is distinctive for its discussion of why people write arguments, its coverage of rhetorical analysis and visual analysis in a brief format, its close attention to reading arguments, and its thorough attention to research.

0321951581 / 9780321951588 Good Reasons: Researching and Writing Effective Arguments Plus NEW MyWritingLab with Pearson eText -- Access Card Package

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Table of Contents

Preface     xvii
Introduction: Persuading with Good Reasons     1
What Do We Mean by Argument?     1
What Does Argument Mean for College Writers?     2
How Can You Argue Responsibly?     3
How Can You Argue Respectfully?     4
Reading and Discovering Arguments
Why Argue?     9
Why Do People Write Arguments?     9
Finding Good Reasons     10
Why Do Some Arguments Succeed?     12
What Are the Goals of Arguments?     16
What Are Rhetorical Appeals?     17
Rachel Carson, The Obligation to Endure     19
Reading Arguments     22
Read Critically     22
Read Actively     22
Finding Good Reasons     24
Recognize Fallacies     26
Respond as a Writer     28
Finding Arguments     30
Find Arguments in Everyday Conversations     30
Find a Topic that Interests You     33
Find a Claim by Exploring     37
Finding Good Reasons     39
Find a Claim by Reading     40
Find Good Reasons     44
Find Evidence to Support Good Reasons     50
Drafting and RevisingArguments     52
State and Evaluate Your Thesis     52
Think about Your Readers     54
Finding Good Reasons     55
Organize Your Argument     57
Write an Engaging Title and Introduction     58
Write a Strong Conclusion     59
Evaluate Your Draft     60
Respond to the Writing of Others     62
Edit and Proofread Carefully     64
Analyzing Arguments
Analyzing Written Arguments     69
What Is Rhetorical Analysis?     69
Build a Rhetorical Analysis     69
Analyze the Rhetorical Features     70
Analyze the Rhetorical Context     75
Write a Rhetorical Analysis     79
Barbara Jordan, Statement on the Articles of Impeachment     80
T. Jonathan Jackson (student), An Argument of Reason and Passion: Barbara Jordan's "Statement on the Articles of Impeachment"     84
Steps to Writing a Rhetorical Analysis     87
Analyzing Visual Arguments     90
What Is a Visual Argument?     90
Analyze Visual Persuasion     92
Analyze Visual Evidence     93
Build a Visual Analysis     96
Write a Visual Analysis     100
Angela Yamashita (student), Got Roddick?     101
Steps to Writing a Visual Analysis     104
Writing Arguments
Putting Good Reasons into Action     109
Use Different Approaches to Construct an Argument     110
Finding Good Reasons     111
Definition Arguments     113
Understand How Definition Arguments Work     113
Recognize Kinds of Definitions     114
Finding Good Reasons     117
Build a Definition Argument     118
Scott McCloud, Setting the Record Straight     121
Chris Nguyen (student), Speech Doesn't Have to Be Pretty to Be Protected     129
Steps to Writing a Definition Argument     134
Causal Arguments     137
Understand How Causal Arguments Work     137
Find Causes     138
Finding Good Reasons     140
Build a Causal Argument     142
Annie Murphy Paul, The Real Marriage Penalty     144
Emily Raine, Why Should I Be Nice to You? Coffee Shops and the Politics of Good Service     147
Steps to Writing a Causal Argument     153
Evaluation Arguments     156
Understand How Evaluation Arguments Work     156
Recognize Kinds of Evaluations     157
Finding Good Reasons     159
Build an Evaluation Argument     160
Michael Eric Dyson, Gangsta Rap and American Culture     162
Rashaun Giddens (student), Stop Loss or "Loss of Trust"     163
Steps to Writing an Evaluation Argument     174
Narrative Arguments     177
Understand How Narrative Arguments Work     178
Recognize Kinds of Narrative Arguments     179
Finding Good Reasons     180
Build a Narrative Argument     181
Leslie Marmon Silko, The Border Patrol State     182
Dagoberto Gilb, My Landlady's Yard     187
Steps to Writing a Narrative Argument     190
Rebuttal Arguments     192
Understand How Rebuttal Arguments Work     193
Finding Good Reasons     195
Recognize Kinds of Rebuttal Arguments     196
Build a Rebuttal Argument     199
Dan Stein, Crossing the Line     200
Gregory Rodriguez, Illegal Immigrants-They're Money     202
Steps to Writing a Rebuttal Argument     205
Proposal Arguments     210
Understand How Proposal Arguments Work     211
Recognize Components of Proposal Arguments     212
Finding Good Reasons      213
Build a Proposal Argument     214
Thomas Homer-Dixon and S. Julio Friedmann, Coal in a Nice Shade of Green     216
Kim Lee (student), Let's Make It a Real Melting Pot with Presidential Hopes for All     219
Steps to Writing a Proposal Argument     223
Designing and Presenting Arguments
Designing Arguments     229
Think About Your Readers     229
Know When to Use Images and Graphics     230
Compose and Edit Images     231
Create Tables, Charts, and Graphs     234
Design Pages for Print     235
Design Pages for the Web     236
Presenting Arguments     238
Plan in Advance     238
Design Effective Visuals     240
Focus on Your Delivery     242
Researching Arguments
Planning Research     247
Analyze the Research Task     247
Find a Subject     247
Ask a Research Question     249
Gather Information About the Subject     249
Draft a Working Thesis     252
Finding Sources     254
Search with Keywords     255
Find Books     256
Find Journal Articles     256
Find Web Sources      259
Evaluating and Recording Sources     263
Evaluate Print Sources     263
Find Information to Cite Print Sources     264
Evaluate Database Sources     266
Find Information to Cite a Database Source     266
Evaluate Web Sources     267
Find Information to Cite a Web Source     269
Writing the Research Paper     270
Review Your Goals and Thesis     270
Determine Your Contribution     270
Determine Your Main Points     271
Avoid Plagiarism     271
Quote Sources Without Plagiarizing     273
Summarize and Paraphrase Sources Without Plagiarizing     274
Incorporate Quotations     276
Incorporate Visuals     278
Documenting Sources in MLA Style     280
Elements of MLA Documentation     280
MLA In-Text Citations     284
MLA Works-Cited List: Books     287
MLA Works-Cited List: Periodicals     291
MLA Works-Cited List: Library Database Sources     293
MLA Works-Cited List: Online Sources     293
MLA Works-Cited List: Other Sources     295
Sample MLA Paper: Brian Witkowski (student), Need a Cure for Tribe Fever? How About a Dip in the Lake?     297
Documenting Sources in APA Style     304
Elements of APA Documentation     304
APA In-Text Citations     307
APA References List: Books     309
APA References List: Periodicals     310
APA References List: Library Database Sources     311
APA References List: Online Sources     311
APA References List: Other Sources     312
A Guide to Avoiding Plagiarism     313
Glossary     321
Index     325

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