The Good Women of the Parish: Gender and Religion After the Black Deathby Katherine L. French
Pub. Date: 11/30/2007
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
There was immense social and economic upheaval between the Black Death and the English Reformation, and contemporary writers often blamed this upheaval on immorality, singling out women's behavior for particular censure. Late medieval moral treatises and sermons increasingly connected good behavior for women with Christianity, and their failure to conform to sin.
There was immense social and economic upheaval between the Black Death and the English Reformation, and contemporary writers often blamed this upheaval on immorality, singling out women's behavior for particular censure. Late medieval moral treatises and sermons increasingly connected good behavior for women with Christianity, and their failure to conform to sin. Katherine L. French argues, however, that medieval laywomen both coped with the chaotic changes following the plague and justified their own changing behavior by participating in local religion. Through active engagement in the parish church, the basic unit of public worship, women promoted and validated their own interests and responsibilities.
Scholarship on medieval women's religious experiences has focused primarily on elite women, nuns, and mystics who either were literate enough to leave written records of their religious ideas and behavior or had access to literate men who did this for them. Most women, however, were not literate, were not members of religious orders, and did not have private confessors. As The Good Women of the Parish shows, the great majority of women practiced their religion in a parish church. By looking at women's contributions to parish maintenance, the ways they shaped the liturgy and church seating arrangements, and their increasing opportunities for collective action in all-women's groups, the book argues that gendered behavior was central to parish life and that women's parish activities gave them increasing visibility and even, on occasion, authority. In the face of demands for silence, modesty, and passivity, women of every social status used religious practices as an important source of self-expression, creativity, and agency.
Table of ContentsList of Figures ix
"My Wedding Gown to Make a Vestment": Housekeeping and Churchkeeping 17
Hatched, Matched, and Dispatched: Life Cycles and the Liturgy 50
"My Pew in the Middle Aisle": Women at Mass 85
Maidens' Lights and Wives' Stores: Women's Parish Groups 118
"To Save Them from Binding on Hock Tuesday": The Rise of a Women's Holiday 157
A Cross Out of Bread Crumbs: Women's Piety and Impiety 180
Epilogue: Women and the Reformation 223
All-Women's Groups 231
Hocktide Celebrations 233
List of Abbreviations 235
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