Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes [NOOK Book]

Overview

Societies develop as a result of the interactions of individuals as they compete and cooperate with one another in the evolutionary struggle to survive and reproduce successfully. Gorilla society is arranged according to these different and sometimes conflicting evolutionary goals of the sexes. In seeking to understand why gorilla society exists as it does, Alexander H. Harcourt and Kelly J. Stewart bring together extensive data on wild gorillas, collected over decades by numerous researchers working in diverse ...

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Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

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Overview

Societies develop as a result of the interactions of individuals as they compete and cooperate with one another in the evolutionary struggle to survive and reproduce successfully. Gorilla society is arranged according to these different and sometimes conflicting evolutionary goals of the sexes. In seeking to understand why gorilla society exists as it does, Alexander H. Harcourt and Kelly J. Stewart bring together extensive data on wild gorillas, collected over decades by numerous researchers working in diverse habitats across Africa, to illustrate how the social system of gorillas has evolved and endured.

Gorilla Society introduces recent theories explaining primate societies, describes gorilla life history, ecology, and social systems, and explores both sexes’ evolutionary strategies of survival and reproduction. With a focus on the future, Harcourt and Stewart conclude with suggestions for future research and conservation. An exemplary work of socioecology from two of the world’s best known gorilla biologists, Gorilla Society will be a landmark study on a par with the work of George Schaller—a synthesis of existing research on these remarkable animals and the societies in which they live.

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Editorial Reviews

Choice

"A robust contribution to the study of how evolution of survival, mating, and rearing strategies interacts with physical and social environments."
Integrative and Comparative Biology
A first-rate source for anyone wanting a broad overview of what topics are currently being explored by biologists in this field. The book is well worth the price, and I strongly recommend it to academics and anyone else who is genuiniely interested in learning more about these magnificent animals and what we can do to conserve them for future generations.

— F. Blake Morton

George Schaller

Gorilla Society is a lucid, fascinating, compelling, and comprehensive synthesis of decades of ecological and behavioral research not only of gorillas but also of apes and monkeys in general. The analysis of the complex evolutionary forces that shape a society is superb. It will provide insight and direction to all future primate field studies.”—George B. Schaller, Wildlife Conservation Society
Integrative and Comparative Biology - F. Blake Morton

"A first-rate source for anyone wanting a broad overview of what topics are currently being explored by biologists in this field. The book is well worth the price, and I strongly recommend it to academics and anyone else who is genuiniely interested in learning more about these magnificent animals and what we can do to conserve them for future generations."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780226316048
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • Publication date: 9/15/2008
  • Series: Lewis Henry Morgan Lecture Series
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 416
  • File size: 4 MB

Meet the Author

Alexander H. Harcourt is professor of anthropology at the University of California, Davis. Kelly J. Stewart is research associate in the Department of Anthropology at the University of California, Davis.

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Table of Contents


Acknowledgments     xvii
Introduction
Introduction     3
Summary
The Book's Aim     3
What Is a Society? What Is Socioecology?     4
Why Primate Socioecology?     6
Why Gorilla Socioecology?     11
Structure of the Book     13
Primate Socioecology: A Brief Introduction     17
Summary     17
Socioecology     19
Food and Society     23
Predation and Society     33
Mating and Society     41
Rearing and Society     57
Conclusion     59
Gorillas, Ecology, and Society
Introducing Gorillas: Some Background     65
Summary     65
Distribution, Taxonomy, and Study Sites     65
Life History and Reproduction     74
Conclusion     87
Gorilla Ecology and Society: A Brief Description     91
Gorilla Ecology     91
Summary: Gorilla Ecology     91
Introduction: Gorilla Ecology     91
Conclusion: Gorilla Ecology     112
Gorilla Society     112
Summary: Gorilla Society     112
Introduction: Gorilla Society     113
Conclusion:Gorilla Society     141
Female Strategies and Gorilla Society
Summary     145
Female Strategies and Society: Food and Grouping     147
Summary     147
Introduction: Gorillas; Food, Competition, and Cooperation     148
Female Strategies: Food, Competition, and Grouping     149
Female Strategies: Food, Cooperation, and Emigration     158
Comparison with Pan and Pongo     168
Conclusion     169
Female Strategies: Male Influences on Females' Competition, Cooperation, and Grouping     175
Summary     175
The Male Is a Major Competitor     176
The Male Mitigates Competition Among Females     179
The Male Mitigates the Benefits of Females' Cooperation     180
Comparison with Pan and Pongo     181
Conclusion     182
Female Strategies: Male Influences; Joining a Protective Male     187
Summary     187
Protection from Predation     187
Summary: Protection from Predation     188
Conclusion: Escaping Predation as the Cause of Females' Association with a Male     202
Protection from Infanticide     202
Summary: Protection from Infanticide     202
Conclusion: Escaping Infanticide as the Cause of Females' Association with a Male     214
Conclusion: Predation or Infanticide?     215
Female Strategies: Male Influences; Emigration and Choice of Males     225
Summary     225
Introduction     226
Female Emigration and Mate Choice: Finding a Better Protector     226
Female Emigration and Mate Choice: Avoiding Inbreeding     229
Comparison with Pan and Pongo     235
Conclusion     237
Female Strategies: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between The Sexes     241
Summary     241
Gorilla Female Society     241
Gorilla Society: An Unusually Strong Influence of Males?     245
Gorilla Society: An Unusual Product from Interaction of Usual Rules     246
Male Strategies and Gorilla Society
Summary     251
Male Strategies and Society: Influences of The Environment and of Females     253
Summary     253
Association as a Means of Access to Females     253
Predation, Infanticide, and Association with Females     258
Comparison with Pan and Pongo     258
Conclusion     262
Male Mating Strategies and Gorilla Society     267
Summary      267
Competition to Be Sole Breeder     268
Maturing Males: Stay or Emigrate?     280
Variation Across Gorilla Populations     288
Comparison with Pan and Pongo     296
Conclusion     300
Male Strategies and the Nature of Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes     305
Summary     305
Gorilla Society: The Influence of Females on Males     306
Gorilla Society: The Influence of Males on Females     307
Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation     307
Males and Society: A Familiar Case Study?     308
Males and Society: An Unfamiliar Case Study?     310
Gorilla Society: The Future
Gorilla and Primate Socioecology: The Future     313
Summary     313
Gorilla Society Yesterday     315
Gorilla Society Today     317
Gorilla and Primate Society Tomorrow     318
Socioecology and Gorilla Conservation     337
Summary     337
Introduction     338
Conservation's Five Questions: Why? What? How Much? Where? How?     338
Socioecology and Conservation     358
Conclusion     373
References     377
Author Index      441
Subject Index     451
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