Governance Networks in Public Administration and Public Policy / Edition 1

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More About This Textbook

Overview

What do public administrators and policy analysts have in common? Their work is undertaken within networks formed when different organizations align to accomplish some kind of policy function. To be effective, they must find ways to navigate complexity and generate effective results. Governance Networks in Public Administration and Public Policy describes a variety of trends and movements that have contributed to the complexity of these systems and the challenges that must be faced as a result.

Providing a theoretical and empirical foundation in governance networks, the book offers a conceptual framework for describing governance networks and provides a holistic way to conceive their construction. The text details the skills and functions of public administrators in the context of networked relationships and presents the theoretical foundations to analyze governance networks. It identifies the reforms and trends in governing that led to governance networks, explains the roles that various actors take on through networked relationships, highlights the challenges involved in the failure of networked activities, and illustrates how policy tools are mobilized by these relationships.

Be a part of building governance networks 2.0!

The author’s website contains support materials such as PowerPoint® presentations, writable case study templates, and other useful items related to building the field’s capacity to describe, evaluate, and design governance networks using the framework of this book. You can post case studies of governance networks, draw on other’s case study materials, and learn about research and educational opportunities.

Based on research and real-life experience, the book highlights the interplay between public actors and policy tools. The authors demystify this complex topic of governance networks and explore the practical applications of the conceptual framework. Practical and accessible, the book presents concepts in such a way that readers can engage in these ideas, apply them, and deepen their understanding of the dynamics unfolding around them.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781420071269
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Publication date: 7/27/2010
  • Series: Public Administration and Public Policy Series , #158
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 389
  • Sales rank: 451,360
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures xvii

List of Tables xix

Preface xxi

Introduction: Why Governance Networks? xxiii

About the Authors xxxv

1 The Emergence of Governance Networks: Historical Context, Contemporary Trends, and Considerations 1

Networks as an Inherent Property of the U.S. Government 2

Federalism 7

Networks as an Inherent Property of Intersector Relations in the United States 9

Government-Nonprofit Relations 10

Government-Corporation Relations 12

Contemporary Trends Shaping Innovation in Governance Networks 14

The Persistence of Wicked Problems 14

The Move to Devolve 16

The Move to Privatize 17

The Move to Partner 20

The Move to Regulate and Nationalize 22

Types of Networks Arising out of These Trends 22

The States: Withering State or Democratic Anchorage? 24

Descriptive Considerations 28

Administrative Considerations 31

Accountability Considerations 35

Performance Considerations 37

2 Defining the Governance Network 41

Fundamentals of Social Network Analysis 42

The Place of Interorganizational Networks in Public Administration, Policy, and Governance Studies 44

The Networked Properties of Governance Processes 46

Discerning the Properties of Governance Networks 55

The Conceptual Architecture of the Book 59

Summary 60

3 Characteristics of Actors Participating within Governance Networks 67

Goal and Role Orientation of Network Actors 68

Social Sector 70

Geographic Scale 74

Scale of Social Nodes 77

Nodes as Organizations and Institutions 79

Nodes as Groups of Individuals/Communities of Practice 79

Nodes as Individual People 81

Spanning Social Scales 82

Center, Periphery, and Trajectories 82

Variation in Actor Resources and Stock of Available Resources to/Provided by Actors 84

Financial Capital 86

Physical Capital 86

Natural Capital 86

Human Capital 89

Social Capital 89

Political Capital 90

Cultural Capital 91

Knowledge/Intellectual Capital 92

Actor Characteristics: A Review 92

4 Characteristics of Ties between Actors 95

Social Exchange Theory 96

Resources Exchanged 99

Formality and the Coordination of Ties 101

Strength of Ties 102

Flow of Authority across Ties 104

Command and Control 107

Concession and Comprise 108

Cooperation and Collaboration 109

Competition 111

Characteristics of Ties: A Review 112

5 Network-Wide Functions 115

Network-Wide Functions 116

Operating Functions 117

Coordinating Action 118

Mobilizing and Exchanging Resources 118

Diffusing and Sharing Information 118

Building Capacity 119

Learning and Transferring Knowledge 119

Policy Stream Functions 120

Defining and Framing Problems 121

Designing and Planning Policy 122

Coordinating Policy 123

Implementing Policy through Regulation 123

Implementing Policy through Service Delivery 124

Evaluating Policy 124

Bringing Political Alignment 124

Policy Domain Functions 125

Network Functions: A Review 127

6 Network-Wide Structures 131

Policy Tools 132

Macro-Level Network Governance Structure 137

Configurations of Governance Network Structure 140

Intergovernmental Relations (IGRs) 141

Intragovernmental Relations 145

Interest Group Coalitions (IGCs) 145

Regulatory Subsystems (RSSs) 149

Grant and Contract Agreements (GCAs) 152

Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) 154

Regional and Geogovernance (GG) 158

Network Structures: A Review 159

7 Governance Networks as Complex Systems Dynamics 163

Permeability and Openness of Boundaries and Borders 166

System Boundaries 168

Input-Output Flows 171

Inputs 172

Processes 172

Outputs 173

Outcomes 173

Feedback 174

Negative Feedback 175

Positive Feedback 176

The Medium of Feedback in Governance Networks 177

Policy Tools and Feedback 178

Representation and Interest Group Competition as Feedback 179

Acts of Administration as Feedback 180

Accountability as Feedback 180

Performance Measurement as Feedback 180

Network Governance as a Systems Construct 181

Governance Networks as Complex Adaptive Systems 183

8 How are Governance Networks Managed? 189

The Convergence of Public Administration Paradigms 190

The Contribution of Classical PA to a Network Administration Paradigm 190

The Contribution of New Public Management to a Network Administration Paradigm 192

The Contribution of Collaborative Public Management to a Network Administration Paradigm 194

A Governance Network Administration Paradigm 196

Governance Network Administration (GNA) Strategies 199

Oversight and Mandating 200

Providing Resources 202

Negotiating and Bargaining 202

Facilitation 205

Participatory Governance 207

Boundary Spanning and Brokering 210

Systems Thinking 211

Decision Architectures, Communities of Practice, and Administrative Discretion 214

How Does Governance Network Administration Differ across Social Sectors? 219

Summary Implications for the Role of Managing Mixed-Actor Governance Networks 222

9 The Hybridized Accountability Regimes of Governance Networks 225

Governance and Accountability 225

Modes of Sector Governance 227

Corporate Governance 230

Nonprofit Governance 234

Governance of Governments 236

Democratic Anchorage 240

Accountability in Terms of Relationships between Network Actors 242

A Governance Network Accountability Framework 243

Democratic Frame 246

Market Frame 248

Administrative Frame 249

Overlapping Accountability Frames 250

Implications of Sector Blurring 251

Nonprofit-Government Accountability Alignments 252

Corporation-Government Accountability Alignments 253

Hybridization of Accountability Regimes 258

10 Governance Network Performance Management and Measurement 261

Governance and Performance 262

The Performance Measurement Movement 263

Performance Management Systems 265

Challenging the Performance Paradigm 269

Challenges for Performance Management Systems in Governance Networks 272

Using Data to Drive Decisions and Actions 276

Performance Management and Network Accountability 278

11 Governance Networks Analysis: Implications for Practice, Education, and Research 285

Deepening Our Situational Awareness of Governance Networks 286

Integration of Governance Network Analysis into Formal Education and Training 288

Case Study Analysis 291

Hypothesis Generation: Deductive Testing Leading to Generalization 292

Modeling Complex Governance Networks 296

Utilizing Action Research and Modeling to Inform Planning Design and Practice 297

Governance Networks, 2.0 299

12 Conclusion: Smart (Democratic) Governance Systems 301

Smart Systems as Ensuring Democratic Anchorage 302

Smart Systems as Governing Dynamic Networks 304

Bibliography 307

Appendix A Governance Network Taxonomy 331

Appendix B Case Study Template 337

Index 343

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