Governing China: From Revolution Through Reform / Edition 2

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Governing China: From Revolution to Reform, the leading text for courses on Chinese politics has been thoroughly revised and updated.
The new Second Edition includes discussions of: The consumer revolution that has brought China’s major urban areas to the forefront of the developed world and created a new middle class An expanding private sector that has become the major generator of new employment in the overall economy as the state sector has shed jobs The increase in foreign direct investment which has set China on track to becoming the manufacturing center of the world. An enormous population migration from rural to urban areas and from the interior to the coast that is becoming one of the most massive movements of people in human history, and its significant impact on the environment The unprecedented integration into the international economic system as China has joined virtually every major multilateral regime The reactions of the top and the bottom of the political system to these recent developments and the continuing struggles between the government’s large bureaucratic structures and sporadic popular political movements.

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly - Publisher's Weekly
University of Michigan political science professor Lieberthal here presents a devastating critique of Mao's rule and its disastrous legacy. In the Maoist movement's peasant-based, military path to power, he perceives the roots of many characteristics of post-1949 China-for example, the close interlocking of party and army, repeated attacks on intellectuals, and mass political campaigns. Lieberthal credits Deng Xiaoping of the late 1970s and early '80s as an innovative reformer, an improvisational genius who effected a conscious reduction in the government's control of social and economic activity. This engrossing text also provides an amazingly detailed blueprint of modern China's power elite, their propaganda and coercive systems. Lieberthal, an adviser to the State Department and the World Bank, details the clash of China's new generation of technocrats and its stagnant gerontocracy as he discusses such issues as political succession, managing the economy and limiting environmental damage. China, which now has the world's largest armed forces, will remain authoritarian in the foreseeable future, he believes, even as it makes enormous economic advances. Apr.
Library Journal
In the past decade, China's dramatic economic growth has captured the world's attention. But there is still lingering uncertainty about its future, emerging from the inconsistencies of China's current political situation. The long history of periodic political turmoil has revealed some fundamental and inherent weaknesses of the Chinese political system. Lieberthal, an experienced China scholar, provides a systematic approach toward an understanding of the complex governing organizations of China from its imperial past, through the 20th-century revolutions, both Nationalist and Communist, until the current regime. Unlike many other China experts, Lieberthal doesn't make any predictions. Through a close look at the largest bureaucratic structures, the actual allocations of power in front and behind the organizational faade, he illuminates the difficult issues and challenges facing contemporary China. Highly recommended.-Mark Meng, St. John's Univ. Lib., New York
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780393924923
  • Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
  • Publication date: 12/28/2003
  • Edition description: Second Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 528
  • Sales rank: 451,485
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Kenneth Lieberthal is Distinguished Fellow and Director for China at the William Davidson Institute, University of Michigan. He has extensive experience in China and has been a senior advisor on China affairs on the National Security Council. Professor Lieberthal is the author of many books on Chinese politics and a long-time teacher of the Chinese politics course at Michigan.

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Table of Contents

Tables, Charts, and Maps
Abbreviations Used in the Text
Pinyin Pronunciation Table
Ch. 1 The Legacies of Imperial China 3
The Imperial Chinese System 5
Imperial Collapse 19
Ch. 2 The Republican Era 27
The Early Republican Era 28
The Communist Rise to Power 39
Ch. 3 The Maoist System: Ideas and Governance 59
The Features of Mao Zedong Thought 60
The Governing System 77
Ch. 4 The Maoist Era 83
Wielding Power, 1949-76 85
Ch. 5 The Reform Era 122
Deng Xiaoping's Reform Impulse 124
Managing the Politics of Reform 128
The Content of Reform 144
Ch. 6 The Organization of Political Power and Its Consequences: The View from the Outside 157
Formal Organizational Structure 158
The Matrix Muddle: Tiao/Kuai Guanxi 169
Techniques for Making the System Work 170
Petty Dictatorship and Corruption 179
State Dominance over Society 180
Ch. 7 The Organization of Political Power and Its Consequences: The View from the Inside 183
The Top Twenty-five to Thirty-five 184
Configurations of Political Power 192
Party Control of the Government 208
Cadre Strategies 214
Ch. 8 The Succession Issue 219
Succession at the Top 220
Systemic Succession 230
Ch. 9 Economic Development 243
Incentives for High Growth 244
Reform Trends 247
Economic Issues of the 1990s 259
Ch. 10 The Environment 276
Environmental Problems Originating before 1978 278
Post-1978 Reforms and the Environment 282
The Political Economy of Environmental Management 284
Prognoses 290
Ch. 11 The State and Society 292
The Maoist State and Chinese Society 293
State/Society Relations under Deng's Reforms 297
Conclusion 312
Ch. 12 China Faces the Future 314
Understanding Domestic Developments 315
China and the World 330
Conclusion 340
Glossary of Selected Individuals Cited in the Text 343
App. 1. Constitution of the People's Republic of China 1 December 1982 355
App. 2. Constitution of the Communist Party of China 18 October 1992 383
App. 3. On the Ten Major Relationships 25 April 1956 403
App. 4. Decision of the CCP Central Committee on Some Issues Concerning the Establishment of a Socialist Market Economic Structure 14 November 1993 419
Notes 441
Bibliography of Sources Cited in the Text 463
Index 483
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