Governing the Locals: Local Self-Government and Ethnic Mobilization in Russiaby Tomila V. Lankina
Pub. Date: 07/15/2004
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Governing the Locals demonstrates that with the exception of a brief period in 1990-92 when the local soviets fostered mass mobilization, local governments in post-Soviet Russia have actively constrained grass-roots activism. Rather than serving as instruments of the 'schooling in civil society,' or of 'making democracy work'_as the conventional wisdom holds_local… See more details below
Governing the Locals demonstrates that with the exception of a brief period in 1990-92 when the local soviets fostered mass mobilization, local governments in post-Soviet Russia have actively constrained grass-roots activism. Rather than serving as instruments of the 'schooling in civil society,' or of 'making democracy work'_as the conventional wisdom holds_local governments have been used by the regional authoritarian or ethnocratic regimes as instruments of top down social control. The author suggests that this tendency has been on the rise under President Putin, whose reforms have served to integrate local government into a centralized power vertical potentially facilitating authoritarian style social mobilization non only on a regional level, but also on a nation-wide scale. The author examines the impact of local self-governing institutions on nationalist movement mobilization in Russia. Using insights from social movement theories, Lankina argues that similar to the soviets in the Soviet system, municipalities in post-Soviet Russia continue to influence local societies through their control over social networks, material resources, and public agenda setting. Accordingly, their facilitating or constraining role crucially affects movement successes or failures. This is the first study identifying the centrality of local government for understanding the nature of state-society relations in Russia, and for explaining the broader questions of social activism or lack thereof in the post-Soviet space.
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Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Movements and the Post-Soviet State: Networks, Resources, and Agenda-Setting Chapter 2 Local Government and Social Control in the Soviet Union and Post-Soviet Russia Chapter 3 Ethnosocial Contexts and Grievances Chapter 4 The Soviets and Nationalist Movements, 1990-92: Setting the Limits of Contention Chapter 5 The Soviets and Ethnic Conflict: The Deviant Case of North 'ssetia Chapter 6 Local Self-Government or Government Gone Local? Municipal Control of the Citizenry, 1992-2000 Chapter 7 Is Local Government Becoming Local? Chapter 8 Conclusions and Implications
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