Government of Self and Others: Lectures at the College de France 1982-1983

Government of Self and Others: Lectures at the College de France 1982-1983

4.5 4
by Michel Foucault
     
 

ISBN-10: 1403986665

ISBN-13: 9781403986665

Pub. Date: 06/08/2010

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

An exciting and highly original examination of the practices of truth-telling and speaking out freely (parr?sia) in ancient Greek tragedy and philosophy. Foucault discusses the difficult and changing practices of truth-telling in ancient democracies and tyrannies and offers a new perspective on the specific relationship of philosophy to politics.  See more details below

Overview

An exciting and highly original examination of the practices of truth-telling and speaking out freely (parr?sia) in ancient Greek tragedy and philosophy. Foucault discusses the difficult and changing practices of truth-telling in ancient democracies and tyrannies and offers a new perspective on the specific relationship of philosophy to politics.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781403986665
Publisher:
Palgrave Macmillan
Publication date:
06/08/2010
Pages:
432
Sales rank:
1,414,864
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 8.80(h) x 1.16(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword Alessandro Fontana Fontana, Alessandro

Translator's Note

one 5 January 1983: First Hour 1

Remarks on method

Study of Kant's text: What is Enlightenment?

Conditions of publication: journals

The encounter between Christian Aufklarung and Jewish Haskala: freedom of conscience

Philosophy and present reality

The question of the Revolution

Two critical filiations

two 5 January 1983: Second Hour 25

The idea of tutelage (minorite): neither natural powerlessness nor authoritarian deprivation of rights

Way out from the condition of tutelage and critical activity

The shadow of the three Critiques

The difficulty of emancipation: laziness and cowardice; the predicted failure of liberators

Motivations of the condition of tutelage: superimposition of obedience and absence of reasoning; confusion between the private and public use of reason

The problematic turn at the end of Kant's text

three 12 January 1983: First Hour 41

Reminders of method

Definition of the subject to be studied this year

Parresia and culture of self

Galen's On the Passions and Errors of the Soul

Parresia: difficulty in defining the notion; bibliographical reference points

An enduring, plural, and ambiguous notion

Plato faced with the tyrant of Syracuse: an exemplary scene of parresia

The echo of Oedipus

Parresia versus demonstration, teaching, and discussion

The element of risk

four 12 January 1983: Second Hour 61

Irreducibility of the parrhesiastic to the performative utterance: opening up of an unspecified risk/public expression of a personal conviction/bringing a free courage into play

Pragmatics and dramatics of discourse

Classical use of the notion of parresia: democracy (Polybius) and citizenship (Euripides)

five 19 January 1983: First Hour 75

Ion in the mythology and history of Athens

Political context of Euripides' tragedy: the Nicias peace

History of Ion's birth

Alethurgic schema of the tragedy

The implication of the three truth-tellings: oracle, confession (l'aveu), and political discourse

Structural comparison of Ion and Oedipus the King

The adventures of truth-telling in Ion: the double half-lie

six 19 January 1983: Second Hour 97

Ion: A nobody, son of nobody

Three categories of citizen

Consequences of political intrusion by Ion: private hatreds and public tyranny

In search of a mother

Parresia irreducible to the actual exercise of power and to the citizen's status

The agonistic game of truth-telling: free and risky

Historical context: the Cleon/Nicias debate

Creusa's anger

seven 26 January 1983: First Hour 113

Continuation and end of the comparison between Ion and Oedipus: the truth does not arise from an investigation but from the clash of passions

The rule of illusions and passions

The cry of confession and accusation

G. Dumezil's analyses of Apollo

Dumezil's categories applied to Ion

Tragic modulation of the theme of the voice

Tragic modulation of the theme of gold

eight 26 January 1983: Second Hour 131

Tragic modulation of the theme of fertility

Parresia as imprecation: public denunciation by the weak of the injustice of the powerful

Creusa's second confession (aveu): the voice of confession (confession)

Final episodes: from murder plan to Athena's appearance

nine 2 February 1983: First Hour 149

Reminder of the Polybius text

Return to Ion: divine and human veridictions

The three forms of parresia: statutory-political; judicial; moral

Political parresia: its connection with democracy; its basis in an agonistic structure

Return to the Polybius text: the isegoria/parresia relationship

Politeia and dunasteia: thinking of politics as experience

Parresia in Euripides: The Phoenician Women; Hippolytus; The Bacchae; Orestes

The Trial of Orestes

ten 2 February 1983: Second Hour 173

The rectangle of parresia: formal condition, de facto condition, truth condition, and moral condition

Example of the correct functioning of democratic parresia in Thucydides: three discourses of Pericles

Bad parresia in Isocrates

eleven 9 February 1983: First Hour 187

Parresia: everyday usage; political usage

Reminder of three exemplary scenes: Thucydides; Isocrates; Plutarch

Lines of evolution of parresia

The four great problems of ancient political philosophy: the ideal city; the respective merits of democracy and autocracy; addressing the Prince's soul; the philosophy/rhetoric relationship

Study of three texts Plato

twelve 9 February 1983: Second Hour 209

Plato's Letters: the context

Study of Letter V: the phone of constitutions; reasons for non-involvement

Study of Letter VII

Dion's history

Plato's political autobiography

The journey to Sicily

Why Plato accepts: kairos; philia; ergon

thirteen 16 February 1983: First Hour 223

Philosophical ergon

Comparison with the Alcibiades

The reality of philosophy: the courageous address to power

First condition of reality: listening, the first circle

The philosophical oeuvre: a choice; a way; an application

The reality of philosophy as work of self on self (second circle)

fourteen 16 February 1983: Second Hour 245

The failure of Dionysius

The Platonic rejection of writing

Mathemata versus sunousia

Philosophy as practice of the soul

The philosophical digression of Letter VII: the five elements of knowledge

The third circle: the circle of knowledge

The philosopher and the legislator

Final remarks on contemporary interpretations of Plato

fifteen 23 February 1983: First Hour 259

The enigmatic blandness of Plato's political advice

The advice to Dionysius

The diagnosis, practice of persuasion, proposal of a regime

Advice to Dion's friends

Study of Letter VIII

Parresia underpins political advice

sixteen 23 February 1983: Second Hour 285

Philosophy and politics: necessary relationship but impossible coincidence

Cynical and Platonic game with regard to politics

The new historical conjuncture: thinking a new political unit beyond the city-state

From the public square to the Prince's soul

The Platonic theme of the philosopher-king

seventeen 2 March 1983: First Hour 299

Reminders about political parresia

Points in the evolution of political parresia

The major questions of ancient philosophy

Study of a text Lucian

Ontology of discourses of veridiction

Socratic speech in the Apology

The paradox of the political non-involvement of Socrates

eighteen 2 March 1983: Second Hour 325

End of study of Socrates' Apology: parresia/rhetoric opposition

Study of the Phaedrus: general plan of the dialogue

The conditions of good logos

Truth as permanent function of discourse

Dialectic and psychagogy

Philosophical parresia

nineteen 9 March 1983: First Hour 339

The historical turnaround of parresia: from the political game to the philosophical game

Philosophy as practice of parresia: the example of Aristippus

The philosophical life as manifestation of the truth

The permanent address to power

The interpellation of each

Portrait of the Cynic in Epictetus

Pericles and Socrates

Modern philosophy and courage of the truth

twenty 9 March 1983: Second Hour 357

Study of the Gorgias

The obligation of confession (aveu) in Plato: the context of liquidation of rhetoric

The three qualities of Callicles: episteme; parresia; eunoia

Agonistic game against egalitarian system

Socratic speech: basanos and homologia

Course Context 377

Index of Names 393

Index of Concepts and Notions 397

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Government of Self and Others: Lectures at the College de France 1982-1983 4.5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 4 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
I bid you a farewell for i need to spend time with a friend. Hes moving to china over winter break so i need to spend every momwnt with him while i can. So sorry but enjoy to wedding! I might come back. Were watching basketball
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
*skides out unnoticed*
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Ok.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Im gonna leave. Bye everyone!!! (Our book chevi)