Government Policies and Ethnic Relations in Asia and thePacific / Edition 1

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Ethnic conflict, one of the most serious and widespread problems in the world today, can undermine efforts to promote political and economic development, as well as political, economic, and social justice. It can also lead to violence and open warfare, producing horrifying levels of death and destruction. Although government policies on ethnic issues often have profound effects on a country, the subject has been neglected by most scholars and analysts.This volume analyzes different policies governments have pursued in their efforts to contend with the tensions inherent in multiethnic societies. The book focuses on Asia and the Pacific, the most populous and economically vibrant part of the world. The heart of the book is a set of case studies of government policies in sixteen countries: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines, China, Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Vanuatu, and the Federated States of Micronesia. The studies consider a wide range of political,economic, educational, linguistic, and cultural policies, and how these policies have evolved over time. Using a broad comparative perspective to assess the effectiveness of different governmental approaches, the authors offer policy recommendations that cut across individual countries and regions.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This is an outstanding work that opens up new perspectives for understanding ethnic conflict." Foreign Affairs
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262522458
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 10/10/1997
  • Series: Belfer Center Studies in International Security
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 624
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael E. Brown is Dean of the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University.

Sumit Ganguly is Professor of Government at the University of Texas at Austin.

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Table of Contents

List of Maps
List of Tables
Introduction 1
Ch. 1 Diversity, Democracy, and Devolution in India 33
Ch. 2 Centralization, Authoritarianism, and the Mismanagement of Ethnic Relations in Pakistan 83
Ch. 3 Government Policy and the Ethnic Crisis in Sri Lanka 129
Ch. 4 Fifty Years of Failure in Burma 167
Ch. 5 Cultural Diversity and National Identity in Thailand 197
Ch. 6 Ethnic Policies and Political Quiescence in Malaysia and Singapore 233
Ch. 7 Coercion, Co-optation, and the Management of Ethnic Relations in Indonesia 273
Ch. 8 Ethnicity and Public Policy in the Philippines 321
Ch. 9 Assimilation and Accommodation in China 351
Ch. 10 Federalism and Indigenous Peoples in Australia 395
Ch. 11 Civil Rights, Amelioration, and Reparation in New Zealand 421
Ch. 12 Culture and Conflict in Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, and the Federated States of Micronesia 457
Ch. 13 The Impact of Government Policies on Ethnic Relations 511
Suggestions for Further Reading 577
Contributors 591
Index 595
About the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs 608
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