Grading and Learning: Practices That Support Student Achievement

Overview

School is not about grading. It's about learning. Grading and Learning: Practices That Support Student Achievement guides teachers to conduct accurate, constructive assessments that enhance learning and maintain the integrity of essential education objectives. Drawing from her extensive research and experience, author Susan M. Brookhart provides a relatable, relevant resource to improve K-12 assessment and reporting processes and support all students' motivation to learn.

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Grading and Learning: Practices That Support Student Achievement

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Overview

School is not about grading. It's about learning. Grading and Learning: Practices That Support Student Achievement guides teachers to conduct accurate, constructive assessments that enhance learning and maintain the integrity of essential education objectives. Drawing from her extensive research and experience, author Susan M. Brookhart provides a relatable, relevant resource to improve K-12 assessment and reporting processes and support all students' motivation to learn.

Following two straightforward principles-(1) grades should reflect student achievement of intended learning outcomes and (2) grading policies should support and motivate student effort and learning-this book offers teachers and administrators:

Twelve detailed strategies for grading and reporting

Clear definitions of terminology related to assessment, grading, and reporting

Helpful recommendations for clearly communicating grades and grading policies to parents and students

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781935542841
  • Publisher: Solution Tree
  • Publication date: 7/28/2011
  • Pages: 168
  • Sales rank: 726,859
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.40 (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments v

About the Author xi

Preface xiii

Chapter 1 All Students Can Learn 3

The Foundation 3

How Not to Use Gradeas 4

Common Terminology 5

Student Assessment 7

External Pressures on Grading Policies 9

Time for Self-Reflection 10

Summary 12

Chapter 2 Grading on Standards for Achievement 13

Why Is It Important to Grade on Standards for Achievement? 15

Content and Performance Standards 18

Curriculum Goals and Intended Learning Goals for Classroom Instruction 20

Building a System for Grading That Supports Learning 22

Summary 24

Chapter 3 Grading Strategies That Support and Motivate

Student Effort and Learning 25

Internal Motivation to Learn 25

Supporting Students' Motivation 27

Student Self-Regulation in Action 28

Student Self-Regulation Through Practice 31

Exceptions, Exemptions, Differentiation 34

Twelve Grading Strategies 36

Summary 38

Chapter 4 Designing and Grading Assessments to Reflect Student Achievement41

Strategy 1 Communicate Clear Learning Targets 41

Strategy 2 Make Sure Assessments Are of High Quality 44

Strategy 3 Use Formative Asessment Before Grading 54

Strategy 4 Inform Students 56

Strategy 5 Grade Achievement, and Handle Behavioral Issues Behaviorally 58

Strategy 6 Grade Individuals 60

Summary 64

Chapter 5 Designing Report Card Grading Policies to Reflect Student Achievement 65

Standards-Based Report Cards 65

Strategy 7 Grade on Standards 73

Strategy 8 State Grading Policy Clearly 78

Strategy 9 Keep Standards-Based Records 82

Strategy 10 Use Multiple Measures 86

Strategy 11 Maintain Standards-Based Meaning When Blending Evidence 88

Strategy 12 Involve Students 98

Summary 100

Chapter 6 Beginning and Implementing

Learning-Focused Report Card Grading Policies 103

No D, No Zero, and Other Scale-Based Policies 103

Learning-Focused Grading Reforms: Communication Is Key 105

Summary 111

Chapter 7 Communicating With Students and Parents 113

Communicating at the Beginning of the Year 113

Communicating During the Year 113

Communicating at Report Card Time 114

Communicating Beyond the Report Card 115

Summary 125

Chapter 8 Assessing Readiness for Grading Reforms 127

Your Individual Practices 127

Your School's or District's Practices 132

Summary 134

Conclusion: Keeping the Promise 135

The Journey to Learning-Focused Grading 137

Unresolved Issues 141

Where Will You Go Next? 141

References 143

Index 147

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