Grammar Choices for Graduate and Professional Writers

Overview

Grammar Choices is a guide to the choices available to academic writers in English. Although there are certainly some rules governing acceptable and unacceptable grammar, there are far more choices to be made among grammatically acceptable forms that have different meanings. The ability to control these meanings will help students communicate more effectively and efficiently in graduate-level and professional academic writing.

Grammar Choices is a different kind of grammar book:...

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Overview

Grammar Choices is a guide to the choices available to academic writers in English. Although there are certainly some rules governing acceptable and unacceptable grammar, there are far more choices to be made among grammatically acceptable forms that have different meanings. The ability to control these meanings will help students communicate more effectively and efficiently in graduate-level and professional academic writing.

Grammar Choices is a different kind of grammar book: It is written for graduate students, including MBA, master’s, and doctoral candidates, as well as postdoctoral researchers and faculty. Additionally, it describes the language of advanced academic writing with more than 300 real examples from successful graduate students and from published texts, including corpora.  Activities encourage students to investigate the language choices that are typical of their own academic disciplines or professional fields through structured reading and writing activities. Grammar Choices is cross-referenced with Academic Writing for Graduate Students, 3rd edition (Swales & Feak, 2012).  
 

Each of the eight units in Grammar Choices contains: an overview of the grammar topic; a preview test that allows students to assess their control of the target grammar and teachers to diagnose areas of difficulty;  an authentic example of graduate-student writing showing the unit grammar in use;  clear descriptions of essential grammar structures using the framework of functional grammar, cutting-edge research in applied linguistics, and corpus studies; vocabulary relevant to the grammar point is introduced—for example, common verbs in the passive voice, summary nouns used with this/these, and irregular plural nouns; authentic examples for every grammar point from corpora and published texts; exercises for every grammar point that help writers develop grammatical awareness and use, including completing sentences, writing, revising, paraphrasing, and editing; and a section inviting writers to investigate discipline-specific language use and apply it to an academic genre.

 
 

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Introduction vii

1 An Approach to Academic Written Grammar 1

Unit 1 Preview Test 1

Grammar Awareness: Report 2

1.1 Clause Structure 3

1.2 Noun Phrase Structure 6

1.3 Word Form 8

1.4 Verbs and Complements 10

1.5 Action Verbs 12

1.6 Reporting Verbs 14

1.7 Linking Verbs 16

1.8 Three Levels of Meaning 18

2 Clause Combination 22

Unit 2 Preview Test 22

Grammar Awareness: Definition 23

2.1 Types of Clauses 24

2.2 Equal and Unequal Clauses 25

2.3 Non-Restrictive Relative Clauses 28

2.4 -ing Clauses 30

2.5 Logic and Clause Combination 32

2.6 Summary of Punctuation 36

2.7 Fragments and Run-Ons 39

3 Embedded, Noun, and Complement Clauses 45

Unit 3 Preview Test 45

Grammar Awareness: The Introduction 46

3.1 Embedded Clauses (Restrictive Relative Clauses) 47

3.2 Reduced Embedded Clauses 49

3.3 Noun Clauses 52

3.4 Complement Noun Clauses 55

3.5 To Non-Finite Clauses and Subjunctive Clauses 57

3.6 Common Problems 59

4 Verb Forms 63

Unit 4 Preview Test 63

Grammar Awareness: Literature Review 64

4.1 Summary of Verb Tenses 66

4.2 Present and Past Simple Tenses 67

4.3 Present Perfect Tense 71

4.4 Writing about the Future 73

4.5 Other Tenses and Verb Forms 75

4.6 Passive Voice 78

4.7 Common Problems with Verb Tenses 82

4.8 Subject-Verb Agreement 83

4.9 Subject-Verb Inversion 86

5 The Noun Phrase 89

Unit 5 Preview Test 89

Grammar Awareness: Title and Abstract 90

5.1 Count and Non-Count Nouns 91

5.2 Articles 95

5.3 Generic Reference 97

5.4 Indefinite Reference 99

5.5 Definite Reference 100

5.6 Quantifiers 102

5.7 Adjectives 106

5.8 Nominalization 108

6 Hedging, Boosting, and Positioning 111

Unit 6 Preview Test 111

Grammar Awareness: Data Commentary 112

6.1 Modal Verbs 113

6.2 Would 117

6.3 Adverbs 118

6.4 Conditionals 121

6.5 Comparatives, Superlatives, and Equatives 124

6.6 Evaluative Language 127

7 Collocation and Corpus Searching 132

Unit 7 Preview Test 132

Grammar Awareness: Essay 133

7.1 Writing Using a Corpus 134

7.2 Prepositions 138

7.3 Verb-Noun Collocations 140

7.4 Noun-Adjective and Noun-Noun Collocations 142

7.5 Skeletal Sentences 144

8 Beyond the Sentence 148

Grammar Awareness: Textbook 148

8.1 Information Flow 149

8.2 Theme 151

8.3 Controlling the Theme 154

8.4 Paragraph Patterns 156

Appendix: Verbs 165

Glossary 169

References 177

Sources for Example Sentences/Texts 181

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