Grammar of Gaagudju

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Overview

This grammar provides an overall description of Gaagudju, a now nearly extinct language of northern Australia. Gaagudju differs from most previously described Australian languages in a number of ways. It shows marked differences in the realizations of stressed and unstressed syllables. It has complex systems of prefixation as well as suffixation. There is a clear distinction between productive and unproductive morphology, with a large amount of the morphology being unproductive. While word order is generally free, strictly ordered phrasal compounding structures are important.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783110172485
  • Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton
  • Publication date: 9/28/2002
  • Series: Mouton Grammar Library [MGL] Series
  • Pages: 516
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 1.13 (d)

Meet the Author

Mark Harvey is Lecturer at the University of Newcastle, Australia.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
List of Tables, Figures and Maps
Abbreviations
1 Language owners and speakers 1
1.1 Location and contact history of Gaagudju language owners and speakers 1
1.2 Previous work 5
1.3 Consultants 6
1.4 Languages spoken in the area 9
1.5 Linguistics relationships of Gaagudju 15
2 Segmental phonology 17
2.1 Phonemic inventory and orthography 17
2.2 Phonological variation and phonological analysis 21
2.3 Consonantal variation and contrasts 23
2.4 Vocalic variation and contrasts 49
2.5 Intonation 53
2.6 Placement and history of stress 55
2.7 Realisation patterns of the long vowels 64
2.8 Realisation patterns of short vowels 73
2.9 Overview and history of vowel realisations 87
2.10 Reduction of unstressed syllables at word boundaries 91
3 Phonotactics and morphophonology 93
3.1 Affixation, clisis, and phonological words 93
3.2 Syllable structures 100
3.3 Morpheme initial and final segments 101
3.4 Morpheme-medial consonant clusters and intervocalic onsets 102
3.5 Inter-morphemic biconsonantal clusters 106
3.6 Homorganic nasal-stop clusters 113
3.7 Triconsonantal clusters 122
4 Nominals 126
4.1 Parts of speech 126
4.2 Nominal parts-of-speech 127
4.3 Nominal compounding and derivation 131
4.4 Nominal reduplication 142
4.5 Adjectives and gender marked nouns 144
4.6 Noun class membership 148
4.7 Agreement superclassing 153
4.8 Personal pronouns 157
4.9 Kin nouns and kinship terminology 166
4.10 Demonstratives 177
4.11 The history of noun class marking 194
4.12 Locationals 201
4.13 Temporals 204
5 Verbs 207
5.1 Verbal predicate structures 207
5.2 The verbal complex 209
5.3 Compound verbs 211
5.4 Unproductive phrasal verbs 218
5.5 The prefix complex 223
5.6 The directional prefixes 226
5.7 Pronominal prefixes 231
5.8 Conjugational groupings 235
5.9 Tense, aspect, and mood categories 236
5.10 Hortative 252
5.11 Positive imperative 254
6 Clitics and phrasal compounds 259
6.1 Clitics 259
6.2 Argument marking 260
6.3 Indirect object clitics 261
6.4 Dative and locative clitics 263
6.5 Quantification 268
6.6 The ordering of clitics 295
6.7 Phrasal compound structures 296
6.8 Part-whole relationships 310
7 Syntax 315
7.1 Word order, proposition classes and clause types 315
7.2 The noun phrase 315
7.3 Negation 320
7.4 Grammatical relations 333
7.5 Lexicalised cross-reference patterns 339
7.6 Transitivity 349
7.7 Detransitivisation 350
7.8 Causatives 357
7.9 Ascriptive, equational and existential propositions 358
7.10 Possessive propositions 367
7.11 Interclausal Relations 369
7.12 Particles 379
App. 1 Nominals and particles: Gaagudju - English 386
App. 2 Verbs: Gaagudju - English 404
App. 3 English - Gaagudju finderlist for nominals and particles 468
App. 4 English - Gaagudju finderlist for verbs 477
App. 5 Mandanenj gerramaana, the crying orphan story 481
References 486
Author index 490
Land and language index 491
Subject index 493
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