Grammaticalization / Edition 2

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Ordinary lexical items and constructions come in certain linguistic contexts to serve grammatical functions, and, once grammaticalized, continue to develop new grammatical functions. Thus nouns and verbs may change over time into grammatical elements such as case markers, sentence connectives, and auxiliaries. The processes whereby these changes occur are known as "grammaticalization." This book is the first general introduction to the subject. The authors synthesize work from several areas of linguistics, in an account of the typical semantic, morphosyntactic, and phonological changes that accompany grammaticalization. Data is drawn from many languages, including Ewe, Finnish, French, Hindi, Japanese, Malay, and especially English, and a wide range of linguistic phenomena is discussed, including clause combining, auxiliation, case marking, erosion of inflections, and renewal of categories. This account is unique in its wide-ranging discussion of the processes of grammaticalization. It will be a valuable and stimulating textbook not only for all linguists interested in the development and decay of grammatical forms, but also for readers in psychology and anthropology interested in deepening their understanding of the interaction of language structure and use.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"The book is a lucid and highly readable discussion of excellent treatment of a central aspect of language." Language
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521009485
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 5/28/2004
  • Series: Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics Series
  • Edition description: Revised
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 300
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 9.02 (h) x 0.83 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul J. Hopper is Thomas S. Baker Professor of English and Linguistics at Carnegie Mellon University. His publications include Grammaticalization (co-authored with Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Cambridge, 1993), A Short Course in Grammar (1999), The Limits of Grammaticalization (co-edited with Anna Giacalone-Ramat, 1998) and Frequency and the Emergence of Linguistic Structure (co-edited with Joan Bybee, 2001).

Elizabeth Closs Traugott is Professor of Linguistics and English at Stanford University. Her publications include A History of English Syntax (1972), Linguistics for Students of Literature (co-authored with Mary L. Pratt, 1980), Grammaticalization (co-authored with Paul J. Hopper, Cambridge, 1993) and Regularity in Semantic Change (co-authored with Richard B. Dasher, Cambridge, 2001).

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Table of Contents

Preface and acknowledgements
List of abbreviations
1 Some Preliminaries 1
2 The History of Grammaticalization 18
3 Mechanisms: Reanalysis and Analogy 32
4 Pragmatic Inferencing 63
5 The Hypothesis of Unidirectionality 94
6 Clause-Internal Morphological Changes 130
7 Grammaticalization Across Clauses 167
8 Some Further Issues 204
Notes 222
References 226
Index of names 246
Index of languages 250
General index 252
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