Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927 / Edition 1

Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927 / Edition 1

by Mary G. Rolinson
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0807857955

ISBN-13: 9780807857953

Pub. Date: 02/26/2007

Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press

The black separatist movement led by Marcus Garvey has long been viewed as a phenomenon of African American organization in the urban North. But as Mary Rolinson demonstrates, the largest number of Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) divisions and Garvey's most devoted and loyal followers were found in the southern Black Belt. Tracing the path of

Overview

The black separatist movement led by Marcus Garvey has long been viewed as a phenomenon of African American organization in the urban North. But as Mary Rolinson demonstrates, the largest number of Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) divisions and Garvey's most devoted and loyal followers were found in the southern Black Belt. Tracing the path of organizers from northern cities to Virginia, and then from the Upper to the Deep South, Rolinson remaps the movement to include this vital but overlooked region.

Rolinson shows how Garvey's southern constituency sprang from cities, countryside churches, and sharecropper cabins. Southern Garveyites adopted pertinent elements of the movement's ideology and developed strategies for community self-defense and self-determination. These southern African Americans maintained a spiritual attachment to their African identities and developed a fiercely racial nationalism, building on the rhetoric and experiences of black organizers from the nineteenth-century South. Garveyism provided a common bond during the upheaval of the Great Migration, Rolinson contends, and even after the UNIA had all but disappeared in the South in the 1930s, the movement's tenets of race organization, unity, and pride continued to flourish in other forms of black protest for generations.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807857953
Publisher:
The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date:
02/26/2007
Series:
The John Hope Franklin Series in African American History and Culture
Edition description:
1
Pages:
304
Sales rank:
772,343
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction: Rediscovering Southern Garveyism
1 Antecedents
2 Lessons
3 Growth
4 Members
5 Appeal
6 Transition
Epilogue: Legacy
Appendix A. UNIA Divisions in the Eleven States of the Former Confederacy
Appendix B. Numbers of Southern Members of UNIA Divisions by State
Appendix C. Numbers of Sympathizers Involved in Mass Meetings and Petitions for Garvey's Release from Jail and Prison, 1923-1927
Appendix D. Phases of Organization of UNIA Divisions in the South by State
Appendix E. Ministers as Southern UNIA Officers, 1926-1928
Appendix F. Profiles of UNIA Members in Georgia, Arkansas, and Mississippi, 1922-1928, and NAACP Branch Leaders in Georgia, 1917-1920
Appendix G. Women Organizers in the UNIA in the South, 1922-1928
Notes
Bibliography
Index

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