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The Great Angel / Edition 1

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Overview

What did "Son of God," "Messiah," and "Lord," mean to the first Christians when they used these words to describe their beliefs about Jesus? In this book Margaret Barker explores the possibility that, in the expectations and traditions of first-century Palestine, these titles belonged together, and that the first Christians fit Jesus' identity into an existing pattern of belief. She claims that pre-Christian Judaism was not monotheistic and that the roots of Christian Trinitarian theology lie in a pre-Christian Palestinian belief about angels--a belief derived from the ancient religion of Israel, in which there was a "High God" and several "Sons of God." Yahweh was a son of God, manifested on earth in human form as an angel or in the Davidic King. Jesus was a manifestation of Yahweh, and was acknowledged as Son of God, Messiah, and Lord. Barker relies on canonical and deutero-canonical works and literature from Qumran and rabbinic sources to present her thoughtful investigation.

In this groundbreaking book, Barker claims that pre-Christian Judaism was not monotheistic and that the roots of Christian Trinitarian theology lie in a pre-Christian Palestinian belief about angels derived from the ancient religion of Israel. Barker's beliefs are based on canonical and deutero-canonical works and literature from Qumran and rabbinic sources.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780664253950
  • Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
  • Publication date: 9/19/1992
  • Edition description: 1st American ed
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 272
  • Sales rank: 585,615
  • Product dimensions: 0.61 (w) x 5.50 (h) x 8.50 (d)

Meet the Author


Margaret Baker is a Methodist preacher and biblical scholar. A former president of the Society for Old Testament Study, in July 2008 she was awarded a Doctor of Divinity Lambeth degree by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
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Table of Contents

Preface
Abbreviations
Introduction 1
Ch. 1 The Son of God 4
Ch. 2 The Evidence of the Exile 12
Ch. 3 The Evidence of the Old Testament 28
Ch. 4 The Evidence of Wisdom 48
Ch. 5 The Evidence of the Angels 70
Ch. 6 The Evidence of the Name 97
Ch. 7 The Evidence of Philo 114
Ch. 8 The Evidence of the Jewish Writers 134
Ch. 9 The Evidence of the Gnostics 162
Ch. 10 The Evidence of the First Christians 190
Ch. 11 The Evidence of the New Testament 213
Bibliography 233
Index of Names and Subjects 241
Index of Primary Sources 244
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