Great Interdisciplinary Ideas: A Reader for Writers / Edition 1

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Overview

Great Interdisciplinary Ideas: A Reader for Writers provides an outstanding collection of essays by major thinkers exploring great ideas in different fields of study.

Market: General Interest

Key Topics: Human Rights, Gender, Utopia, Literature

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780321450012
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 10/31/2007
  • Series: Penguin Academics Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 560
  • Sales rank: 935,468
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.00 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Table of Contents

Detailed Contents xi

Preface–To the Instructor xxiii

Introduction–To the Student xxv

CHAPTER 1

Evolution: Inceptions and Implications 1

Charles Darwin, “Natural Selection” from On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection 4

Charles Darwin, “How Reading Malthus on Economics Sparked the Idea of Natural Selection” from The Autobiography of Charles Darwin 20

Thomas Malthus, “Food Production Increases in an Arithmetic Ratio, Population in a Geometric One” from An Essay on the Principle of Population 25

William Vesterman, “A Note on the Explosion of Geological Time” 28

Theodore Baird, “Darwin and the Tangled Bank” 30

Jorge Luis Borges, “The Creation and P. H. Gosse” 39

H. L. Mencken, “The Monkey Trial” 43

Joseph Schumpeter, “The Process of Creative Destruction” from Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy 47

Stephen Jay Gould, “Nonmoral Nature” 54

Rachel Carson “Elixirs of Death” from Silent Spring 65

Phyllis Schlafly, “The Myth of DDT vs. the Reality of Malaria” 72

CHAPTER 2

Economics: The Production and Consumption of Wealth 76

Jared Diamond, “Geographical Selection and Economic Evolution” from Guns, Germs, and Steel 79

Adam Smith, “Division of Labor” from The Wealth of Nations 83

Karl Marx, “The Communist Manifesto” 105

Charlotte Perkins Gilman, “Personal Profit” from Women and Economics 126

Thorstein Veblen, “Pecuniary Emulation” from The Theory of the Leisure Class 132

Hannah Arendt, “The Labour of Our Body and the Work of Our Hands” from The Human Condition 140

John Maynard Keynes, “The End of Laissez-Faire” 145

Milton Friedman, “Occupational Licensure” from Capitalism and Freedom 151

CHAPTER 3

Human Rights: Liberty and Law 164

Queen Elizabeth I, “Address to the Troops at Tilbury” 167

Thomas Hobbes, “The Cause of Government” from Leviathan 168

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, “The Origins of Civil Society” from Social Contract 174

Thomas Jefferson, “The Declaration of Independence” 189

Mary Wollstonecraft, “Pernicious Effects Which Arise from the Unnatural Distinctions Established in Society” 193

Margaret Sanger, “Awakening and Revolt” from My Fight for Birth Control 202

Mahatma Gandhi, “The Nonviolent Society” 208

George Orwell, “Politics and the English Language” 212

Martin Luther King, Jr. “Letter from Birmingham Jail” 225

Malcolm X, “The Ballot or the Bullet” 241

CHAPTER 4

Literature: Life’s Mirror and Life’s Lamp 245

Plato, from The Ion 247

Aristotle, from The Poetics 251

Samuel Johnson, “On the Unities” from Preface to Shakespeare 257

Reuben Brower, “Reading in Slow Motion” 262

Irving Babbitt, “The Terms Classic and Romantic” from Rousseau and Romanticism 281

Virginia Woolf, “Shakespeare’s Sister” from A Room of One’s Own 291

Herman Melville, “Bartleby, the Scrivener” 298

Louise Barnett, “Bartleby as Alienated Worker” 333

Andrew Delbanco, “Bartleby” from Herman Melville 340

CHAPTER 5

Utopias and Dystopias: Secular Heavens and Secular Hells 345

Thomas More, from Utopia 348

Francis Bacon, from The New Atlantis 359

Jonathan Swift, from Gulliver’s Travels 368

Mary Shelley, from Frankenstein 375

Henry David Thoreau, “Putting My House in Order” from Walden or Life in the Woods 379

H. G. Wells, from The Time Machine 387

Charlotte Perkins Gilman, from Herland 392

Ray Bradbury, from Fahrenheit 451 404

Chairman Mao, “Let a Hundred Flowers Blossom” 412

Margaret Atwood, from The Handmaid’s Tale 416

CHAPTER 6

Gender: Human Conditioning and the Human Condition 421

Plato, “The Role of Women in the Ideal Society” from The Republic 424

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, “Address to the National Woman Suffrage Convention” 431

Carol Gilligan, “Woman’s Place in Man’s Life Cycle” 441

bell hooks, “Racism and Feminism” 460

Edmund White, “Sexual Culture” 468

Rose Weitz, “What Price Independence: Social Reactions to Lesbians, Spinsters, Widows, and Nuns” 478

James Reed, “Gender Role: The Early History of a Concept” 492

Pratima Cranse, “Fear and Loathing in Sex Education” 501

Camille Paglia, “It’s a Jungle Out There, So Get Used to It!” 513

Susan Faludi, “Whose Hype?” 518

Credits 523

Index 527

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