The Great Peace of Montreal of 1701: French-Native Diplomacy in the Seventeenth Century / Edition 1

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Overview

The last decades of the seventeenth century were marked by persistent, bloody conflicts between the French and their Native allies on the one side and the Iroquois confederacy on the other. In the summer of 1701, 1,300 representatives of forty First Nations from the Maritimes to the Great Lakes and from James Bay to southern Illinois met with the French at Montreal. Elaborate, month-long ceremonies culminated in the signing of The Great Peace of Montreal, which effectively put an end to the Iroquois wars. In The Great Peace of Montreal of 1701 Gilles Havard brings to life the European and Native players who brought about this major feat of international diplomacy. He highlights the differing interests and strategies of the numerous First Nations involved while giving a dramatic account of the colourful conference. The treaty, Havard argues, was the culmination of the French colonial strategy of Native alliances and adaptation to Native political customs. It illustrates the extent of cultural interchange between the French and their Native allies and the crucial role the latter played in French conflicts with the Iroquois and the British. As we approach the 300th anniversary of the treaty's signing in August 1701, Gilles Havard emphasizes its contemporary significance: in signing a treaty with forty separate parties the French recognized the independent sovereignty of every First Nation. This translation is significantly revised and updated from the original French publication of 1992.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780773522190
  • Publisher: McGill-Queens University Press
  • Publication date: 5/28/2001
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Chronology
Maps
Introduction 3
Pt. 1 The Political and Diplomatic Arena 13
1 Key Elements of Amerindian Diplomacy 15
2 Alliances and Strategies in the Late Seventeenth Century 27
3 Wars and Peace in the Seventeenth Century 46
Pt. 2 Negotiations on all Fronts, 1697-1701 59
4 Iroquois Delegations and Colonial Rivalries 61
5 Accommodation and Confrontation in the West 79
6 On the Path to Montreal, 1700-1701 91
Pt. 3 The Montreal Conference, Summer 1701 109
7 Montreal, Capital of Peace: 21 July to 7 August 1701 111
8 The Tree of Peace 142
9 1701: A New Situation 160
10 Conclusion 179
App. 1 The Nature of the Treaty and the Amerindian Pictographs 185
App. 2 The Cast of Characters in the Great Peace of Montreal 190
App. 3 English Translation of the Montreal Treaty of 1701 210
Abbreviations 216
Notes 217
Glossary of the Names of Native Peoples 277
Bibliography 281
Index 299
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