Great Physicists: The Life and Times of Leading Physicists from Galileo to Hawking

Great Physicists: The Life and Times of Leading Physicists from Galileo to Hawking

by William H. Cropper
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195173244

ISBN-13: 9780195173246

Pub. Date: 09/28/2004

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Here is a lively history of modern physics, as seen through the lives of thirty men and women from the pantheon of physics. William H. Cropper vividly portrays the life and accomplishments of such giants as Galileo and Isaac Newton, Marie Curie and Ernest Rutherford, Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr, right up to contemporary figures such as Richard Feynman, Murray

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Overview

Here is a lively history of modern physics, as seen through the lives of thirty men and women from the pantheon of physics. William H. Cropper vividly portrays the life and accomplishments of such giants as Galileo and Isaac Newton, Marie Curie and Ernest Rutherford, Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr, right up to contemporary figures such as Richard Feynman, Murray Gell-Mann, and Stephen Hawking. We meet scientists—all geniuses—who could be gregarious, aloof, unpretentious, friendly, dogged, imperious, generous to colleagues or contentious rivals. As Cropper captures their personalities, he also offers vivid portraits of their great moments of discovery, their bitter feuds, their relations with family and friends, their religious beliefs and education. In addition, Cropper has grouped these biographies by discipline—mechanics, thermodynamics, particle physics, and others—each section beginning with a historical overview. Thus in the section on quantum mechanics, readers can see how the work of Max Planck influenced Niels Bohr, and how Bohr in turn influenced Werner Heisenberg.
Our understanding of the physical world has increased dramatically in the last four centuries. With Great Physicists, readers can retrace the footsteps of the men and women who led the way.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195173246
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
09/28/2004
Pages:
512
Sales rank:
802,186
Product dimensions:
10.00(w) x 6.90(h) x 1.30(d)
Age Range:
14 - 18 Years

Table of Contents

IMechanics : historical synopsis3
1How the heavens go : Galileo Galilei5
2A man obsessed : Isaac Newton18
IIThermodynamics : historical synopsis41
3A tale of two revolutions : Sadi Carnot43
4On the dark side : Robert Mayer51
5A holy undertaking : James Joule59
6Unities and a unifier : Hermann Helmholtz71
7The scientist as virtuoso : William Thomson78
8The road to entropy : Rudolf Clausius93
9The greatest simplicity : Willard Gibbs106
10The last law : Walther Nernst124
IIIElectromagnetism : historical synopsis135
11A force of nature : Michael Faraday137
12The scientist as magician : James Clerk Maxwell154
IVStatistical mechanics : historical synopsis177
13Molecules and entropy : Ludwig Boltzmann179
VRelativity : historical synopsis201
14Adventure in thought : Albert Einstein203
VIQuantum mechanics : historical synopsis229
15Reluctant revolutionary : Max Planck231
16Science by conversation : Niels Bohr242
17The scientist as critic : Wolfgang Pauli256
18Matrix mechanics : Werner Heisenberg263
19Wave mechanics : Erwin Schrodinger and Louis de Broglie275
VIINuclear physics : historical synopsis293
20Opening doors : Marie Curie295
21On the crest of a wave : Ernest Rutherford308
22Physics and friendships : Lise Meitner330
23Complete physicist : Enrico Fermi344
VIIIParticle physics : historical synopsis363
24i[gamma][actual symbol not reproducible][psi] : m[psi]: Paul Dirac365
25What do you care? : Richard Feynman376
26Telling the tale of the quarks : Murray Gell-Mann403
IXAstronomy, astrophysics, and cosmology : historical synopsis421
27Beyond the galaxy : Edwin Hubble423
28Ideal scholar : Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar438
29Affliction, fame, and fortune : Stephen Hawking452

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