Great War, Total War: Combat and Mobilization on the Western Front, 1914-1918

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World War I was the first large-scale industrialized military conflict in world history, and it gave birth to the concept of total war. The essays in this volume analyze the experience of the war in light of this concept's implications, in particular the systematic erosion of distinctions between the military and civilian spheres. With an emphasis on developments in Germany, France, Great Britain, and the United States, leading scholars from Europe and North America locate World War I along a trajectory that began in the wars of the middle of the nineteenth century and culminated in worldwide conflict in the middle of the twentieth. The essays explore the efforts of soldiers and statesmen, industrialists and financiers, professionals and civilian activists to adjust to the titanic, pervasive pressures that the military stalemate on the western front imposed on belligerent and neutral societies.
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Editorial Reviews

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"This book is fascinating and should be read by anyone who is interested in the role that warfare plays on the development and destruction of society." Virginia Quarterly Review

"Collaborative research, useful theoretical constructs, and a wiilingness to use new methodologies to assess old and new problems of the Great War merit thanks. For a comprehensive understanding of the war on the western front, this volume with its outstanding essays and superb bibliography is required reading." Jrnl of Military History

"...these essays make important and original contributions to a historiography on the Great War that continues to evolve in exciting and promising new directions." Technology and Culture

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Introduction 1
1 From Cabinet War to Total War: The Perspective of Military Doctrine, 1861-1918 19
2 World War I and the Theory of Total War: Reflections on the British and German Cases, 1914-1915 35
3 World War I and the Revolution in Logistics 57
4 Mass Warfare and the Impact of Technology 73
5 Total War as a Result of New Weapons? The Use of Chemical Agents in World War I 95
6 Planning Total War? Falkenhayn and the Battle of Verdun, 1916 113
7 "The Most Extensive Experiment that the Imagination Can Conceive": War, Emotional Stress, and German Medicine, 1914-1918 133
8 War Between Soldiers and Enemy Civilians, 1914-1915 153
9 The Blockade of Germany and the Strategy of Starvation, 1914-1918: An Agency Perspective 169
10 Total Rhetoric, Limited War: Germany's U-Boat Campaign, 1917-1918 189
11 The First Air War Against Noncombatants: Strategic Bombing of German Cities in World War I 207
12 Bullying the Neutrals: The Case of the Netherlands 227
13 Poincare, Clemenceau, and the Quest for Total Victory 247
14 Strategy and Unlimited Warfare in Germany: Moltke, Falkenhayn, and Ludendorff 265
15 The Strategy of Unlimited Warfare? Kitchener, Robertson, and Haig 281
16 French Strategy on the Western Front, 1914-1918 297
17 Strategy and Total War in the United States: Pershing and the American Military Tradition 327
18 War Aims, State Intervention, and Business Leadership in Germany: The Case of Hugo Stinnes 349
19 Lloyd George and the Management of the British War Economy 369
20 Better Late than Never: The American Economic War Effort, 1917-1918 389
21 How (Not) to Pay for the War: Traditional Finance and "Total" War 409
22 Mobilizing German Society for War 437
23 Women's Wartime Services Under the Cross: Patriotic Communities in Germany, 1912-1918 453
24 Pandora's Box: Propaganda and War Hysteria in the United States During World War I 485
25 Painting and Music During and After the Great War: The Art of Total War 501
Index 519
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