The Greeks: History, Culture, and Society / Edition 2

The Greeks: History, Culture, and Society / Edition 2

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by Ian Morris, Barry B. Powell
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0205697348

ISBN-13: 9780205697342

Pub. Date: 07/15/2009

Publisher: Pearson

Organized chronologically, this text presents a complete picture of Greek civilization as a history and features sections on the art, architecture, literature, and thought of each period.

Overview

Organized chronologically, this text presents a complete picture of Greek civilization as a history and features sections on the art, architecture, literature, and thought of each period.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205697342
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
07/15/2009
Series:
Penguin Custom Editions: the Western World Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
576
Sales rank:
355,987
Product dimensions:
7.40(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Maps

Preface

Pronunciation Guide

About the Authors

Credits

1. A Small, Far-Off Land

Historical Sketch

Why Study the Greeks?

Who Were the Greeks?

The Structure of This Book: History, Culture, and Society

Key Terms

Further Reading

2. Country and People

Greek Geography, Climate, and Agriculture

Demography

Migration

Health and Disease

Nutrition

Economic Growth in Ancient Greece

Key Terms

Further Reading

3. The Greeks at Home

Gender Relationships: Ideals and Realities

Sexuality

Adults and Children

Key Terms

Further Reading

4. The Greeks Before History, 12,000-1200 B.C.

The End of the Last Ice Age, 12,000-11,000 B.C.

The Origins of Agriculture, 11,000-5000 B.C.

Greeks and Indo-Europeans

Neolithic Society and Economy, 5000-3000 B.C.

The Early Bronze Age, 3000-2300 B.C.

The Middle Bronze Age, 2300-800 B.C.

The Age of Minoan Palaces, 2000-600 B.C.

The Rise of Mycenaean Greece, 1750-500 B.C.

The End of Minoan Civilization, 1600-1400 B.C.

Mycenaean Greece: Archaeology, Linear B, and Homer

The End of the Bronze Age, circa 200 B.C.

Key Terms

Further Reading

5. The Dark Age, 1200-800 B.C.

The Collapse of the Old States

Life Among the Ruins

Dark Age Heroes

Art and Trade in the Dark Age

The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Economy

The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Society

The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Culture

Conclusion

Key Terms

Further Reading

6. Homer

The Homeric Question

Milman Parry and Oral Poetry

The Oral Poet in Homer

Heinrich Schliemann and the Trojan War

The Tragic Iliad

Homer and the Invention of Plot

The Comic Odyssey

Odysseus and Homer

Key Terms

Further Reading

7. Religion and Myth

Definitions of Religion and Myth

Hesiod’s Myth of the Origin of the Gods

Greek Religion in History

Forms of Greek Religious Practice

Hesiod’s Myth of Sacrifice

Gods and Other Mysterious Beings

Chthonic Religion

The Ungrateful Dead and the Laying of the Ghost

Ecstatic and Mystical Religion

Conclusion

Key Terms

Further Reading

8. Ancient Greece, 800-480 B.C.: Economy, Society, Politics

Government by Oligarchy

Elite Culture

The Tyrants

The Structure of Archaic States

Conclusion

Key Terms

Further Reading

9. The Archaic Cultural Revolution, 700-480 B.C.

Natural Philosophy in Miletus

Pythagoras: Philosophy and Social Science in the West

Hecataeus, Herodotus, and Historiê

Lyric poets

Material Culture

Art and Thought in Sixth-Century Greece

Key Terms

Further Reading

10. A Tale of Two Archaic Cities: Sparta and Athens, 700-480 B.C.

Sparta

Spartiates, Perioikoi, and Helots

Plutarch’s Sparta

Spartan Government

Athens

The Seventh-Century Crisis

Solon

Pisistratus and the Consequences of Solon’s Reforms

Dêmokratia

Athens Submits to Persia

Key Terms

Further Reading

11. Persia and the Greeks, 550-490 B.C.

Empires of the Ancient Near East

Lydia

Cyrus and the Rise of Persia, 559—530 B.C.

Cambyses and Darius, 530—52 B.C.

Persia’s Northwest Frontier and the Ionian Revolt, 52—494 B.C.

The Battle of Marathon, 490 B.C.

Key Terms

Further Reading

12. The Great War, 480-479 B.C.

Storm Clouds in the West

Storm Clouds in the East

The Storm Breaks in the West: The Battle of Himera, 480 B.C.

The Storm Breaks in the East: The Battle of Thermopylae, 480 B.C.

The Fall of Athens

The Battle of Salamis

The End of the Storm: Battles of Plataea and Mycale, 479 B.C.

Conclusion

Key Terms

Further Reading

13. Democracy and Empire; Athens and Syracuse, 479-431 B.C.

The Expansion of the Syracusan State, 479—461 B.C.

The Western Democracies, 461—433 B.C.

Economic Growth in Western Greece, 479—433 B.C. Cimon and the Creation of the Athenian Empire, 478—461 B.C.

The First Peloponnesian War, 460—446 B.C.

Pericles and the Consolidation of Athenian Power, 446—433 B.C.

Economic Growth in the Aegean

The Edge of the Abyss, 433—431 B.C.

Key Terms

Further Reading

14. Art and Thought in the Fifth Century B.C.

Philosophy

Material Culture

Key Terms

Further Reading

15. Fifth-Century Drama

Tragedy

The City of Dionysia

The Theater of Dionysus

Narrative Structure

Character and Other Dimensions of Tragedy

Tragic Plots

Conclusion

The Origins of Comedy

The Plots of Old Comedy

The Structures of Old Comedy

Conclusion

Key Terms

Further Reading

16. The Peloponnesian War and Its Aftermath, 431-399 B.C.

The Archidamian War, 431—421 B.C.

The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition, 421—413 B.C.

Sicily and the Carthaginian War, 412—404 B.C.

The Ionian War, 412—404 B.C.

Aftermath, 404—399 B.C.

Conclusion

Key Terms

Further Reading

17. The Greeks between Persia and Carthage, 399-360 B.C.

Sparta’s Empire, 404—360 B.C.

Economy, Society, and War

Sparta’s Collapse, 371 B.C.

Anarchy in the Aegean, 371—360 B.C.

Carthage and Syracuse, 404—360 B.C.

The Golden Age of Syracuse, 393—367 B.C.

Anarchy in the West, 367—345 B.C.

Conclusion

Key Terms

Further Reading

18. Greek Culture in the Fourth Century B.C.

Material Culture

Plato

Aristotle

Conclusion

Key Terms

Further Reading

19. The Warlords of Macedon I: Philip II and Alexander the King

Macedonia before Philip II

Philip’s Struggle for Survival, 359—357 B.C.

Philip Consolidates His Position, 357—352 B.C.

Philip Seeks a Greek Peace, 352—346 B.C.

The Struggle for a Greek Peace, 346—338 B.C.

Philip’s End, 338—336 B.C.

Alexander the King

The Conquest of Persia, 334—330 B.C.

Key Terms

Further Reading

20. The Warlords of Macedon II: Alexander the God

The Fall of the Great King Darius, 331-330 B.C.

After the War, 330—324 B.C.

War in India, 327—326 B.C.

The Long March Home, 326—324 B.C.

The Last Days, 324—323 B.C.

Conclusion

Key Terms

Further Reading

21. The Successors to Alexander, 323—220 B.C

The Wars of the Successors, 323—301 B.C

The Hellenistic World after Ipsus

The Seleucid Empire

Ptolemaic Egypt

The Antigonids: Macedonia

Key Terms

Further Reading

22. The Greek Poleis, 323—220 B.C

Impoverishment and Depopulation in Mainland Greece

Athens in Decline

Sparta’s Counterrevolution

The Western Greeks: Agathocles of Syracuse (361—289/8 B.C)

Pyrrhus of Epirus

Hellenistic Society: The Weakening of the Egalitarian Ideal

Conclusion

Key Terms

Further Reading

23. Hellenistic Culture, 323—30 B.C.

Hellenistic Historians

Poetry

Material Culture

Hellenistic Philosophy

Medicine

Quantitative Science in the Hellenistic Age

Conclusion

Key Terms

Further Reading

24. The Coming of Rome, 220—30 B.C.

The Rise of Rome, 753—280 B.C.

Rome, Carthage, and the Western Greeks, 280—200 B.C.

Rome Breaks the Hellenistic Empires, 200—167 B.C.

Consequences of the Wars: The Greeks

Consequences of the Wars: The Romans

New Roman Army

The Agony of the Aegean, 99—70 B.C.

Pompey’s Greek Settlement, 70—62 B.C.

The End of Hellenistic Egypt, 61—30 B.C.

Aftermath

Key Terms

Further Reading

25. Conclusion

The Bronze Age (c. 3000-1200 B.C.; Chapter 4)

The Dark Age (c. 1200-700 B.C.; Chapter 5)

The Archaic Period (c. 700-500 B.C.; Chapters 6-10)

The Classical Period (c. 500-350 B.C.; Chapters 11-18)

The Macedonian Takeover (c. 350-323 B.C.; Chapters 19-22)

The Hellenistic Period (c. 323-30 B.C.; Chapters 23-24)

Conclusion

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