The Green Guide to Specification: An Environmental Profiling System for Building Materials and Components / Edition 3

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How can you tell if the materials and components you are specifying have a low environmental impact? A full life-cycle assessment is a complex, time-consuming and expensive process; the environmental ratings summarised in this guide provide a quick and easy way for designers and specifiers to assess their options.

The relative environmental performance of over 250 materials and components have been assessed in this guide, using carefully researched, quantitative data derived from the BRE Environmental Profiles Database. A wide range of alternative specifications are provided for: walls, floor systems, floor finishes, roofs, windows, doors, ceilings, paints, insulation, landscaping. The performance of each specification is measured against a range of environmental impacts including: Climate change, toxicity, fossil fuel and ozone depletion, levels of emissions and pollutants, mineral and water extraction.

Environmental performance is indicated by a simple to use A-B-C rating system. To further aid specifiers, guidance on capital costs, typical replacement intervals and information on recycling are also provided for each material and component.

An important part of BREEAM, the BRE's widely accepted scheme to improve the environmental performance of buildings, The Green Guide to Specification is an essential tool for architects, surveyors, building managers and property owners seeking to reduce the environmental impacts of building materials through informed choice.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780632059614
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 1/28/2002
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 112
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 12.00 (h) x 0.48 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword vii
Acknowledgements viii
The Authors ix
Part 1 Introduction 1
A global issue 2
The purpose of this book 2
How this edition of The Green Guide to Specification relates to other BRE publications and tools 4
Previous editions of The Green Guide to Specification 4
BRE Environmental Profiles of construction materials, components and buildings 5
The Green Guide to Housing Specification 5
Envest 5
Ecopoints and weightings 6
Green procurement 6
Life Cycle Assessment 7
Sources of LCA data in The Green Guide to Specification 8
Environmental issues 9
Climate change 9
Fossil fuel depletion 9
Ozone depletion 9
Human toxicity to air and human toxicity to water 9
Ecotoxicity 9
Waste disposal 9
Water extraction 9
Acid deposition 9
Eutrophication 10
Summer smog 10
Minerals extraction 10
Embodied energy 10
Further information 11
How The Green Guide to Specification was compiled 11
How the elements were chosen 11
How the specifications were chosen 11
How Green Guide environmental issue ratings were assessed 11
How Green Guide Summary Ratings are generated 12
Weightings 12
Worked example 13
Other issues 13
Part II How to use The Green Guide to Specification 15
Layout of the element sections 16
Functional unit 16
Building pie charts 16
Summary Rating range 17
Significant environmental issues for elements 17
Ratings tables 17
Using the ratings 18
The importance of different elements 19
Arrangement of the building elements 20
Part III Green Guide ratings 21
High-mass elements 22
Upper floors 23
Ground floors and substructure 25
Insulation 25
External walls 27
Superstructure 28
General comments on external walls 28
Insulation 28
Division of external wall specifications into subsections 29
Traditional forms of cavity wall construction 30
'Rainscreen' claddings 32
Cladding and masonry construction 33
Cladding and framed construction 36
Roofs 39
Insulation 40
Division of roofing specifications into subsections 40
Flat roofs 41
'Traditional' pitched roofs 43
Low pitched roofs 45
Medium- and low-mass elements 46
Floor finishes and coverings 47
Hard floor finishes 49
Soft floor coverings 50
Substructural floor systems/floor surfacing 51
Windows and curtain walling 53
Internal walls and partitioning 55
Loadbearing partitions 56
Non-loadbearing partitions 57
Proprietary and demountable partitions 58
Suspended ceilings and ceiling finishes 59
Doors 63
Other materials and elements 66
Internal paint finishes 67
Insulation 69
All insulations (including those using HCFCs) 70
Zero ozone depletion potential (ZODP) insulations 72
Landscaping: hard surfacing 75
Landscaping: boundary protection 77
Part IV Appendices 79
Appendix 1 General notes relating to the use of specific materials and particular environmental issues 80
Timber 80
Indoor air quality issues 80
Insulation: CFCs, HCFCs and HFCs 81
PVC 81
Appendix 2 Worked example of the generation of a Green Guide rating for an internal wall specification 83
Generation of the environmental profile for the specification 83
Generation of the Green Guide rating for each environmental issue 85
Generation of the Summary Rating for each specification 85
Appendix 3 Production of a BRE Environmental Profile for a material using the BRE Environmental Profiles Methodology 87
Inventory analysis 87
Impact assessment 87
Appendix 4 BREEAM case study 88
Appendix 5 Differences in environmental issues from previous editions 90
Contacts and further information 91
References 93
Index 95
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