Greenhouse Gases: Worldwide Impacts

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Overview

Global Warming is a seven-volume set that describes the most critical issues concerning this timely subject and explains in up-to-date detail the scientific principles involved. Each volume reviews the cause-and-effect relationships that impact the environment worldwide on daily, annual, and even longer time bases. Designed to complement science curricula, the books cover the spectrum of important climatic issues, helping the reader to build a solid foundation of knowledge with which to approach important topics related to global warming.

While there are many factors that contribute to global warming, such as changes in Earth's inclination (axial tilt), the most notable factor is the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases: Worldwide Impacts explores the significance of these gases to populations and ecosystems. The book provides an understanding of the various sources of these gases, their interaction with the atmosphere, their effect on natural systems, and why controlling them is critical to Earth's future climate. Citing actual examples and multinational statistics, figures, and case studies, sidebars in the book enhance fundamental concepts and give the reader a sense of the urgency and enormity of the issue.

The volume includes information on

agriculture

anthropogenic causes and effects

carbon

deforestation

the Endangered Species Act

the greenhouse effect

human mitigation, and adaptation

natural refuges

ozone

worldwide global warming

The book contains more than 40 color photographs and line illustrations, sidebars, a chronology, an appendix on carbon dioxide emission, a glossary, a detailed list of print and Internetresources, and an index. Global Warming is essential for high school students, teachers, and general readers who wish to learn about important climatic issues and their impact on the environment and society worldwide.

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Editorial Reviews

School Library Journal
Gr 9 Up—Making use of a large number of scientific studies and observations, Casper analyzes the impact of human activities on ecosystems and biodiversity. There is no question that animal patterns of behavior are being altered by the changing environment. The challenge is to understand what these changes mean for the future. The author addresses this question in Changing Ecosystems by examining boreal and tropical forests, grasslands, deserts, mountains, and Arctic and marine environments. Within each section, specific problems such as drought, fire, and the extermination of species are considered, as is the resulting economic impact. The concluding chapter addresses the possibility of adaptation by animal species and vegetation and the need for decisions by qualified policy makers working in conjunction with knowledgeable scientists. A lengthy section in Greenhouse Gases deals with carbon sequestration—a strategy of carbon-dioxide storage meant to mitigate global warming. Both the positive aspects and potential drawbacks are addressed. Valuable sidebars examine a variety of topics. A sobering concluding chapter focuses on mitigation and adaptation to global warming. Both volumes have lengthy chronologies, bibliographies, and lists of useful Web sites. Some of the illustrations are decorative, but the many charts and maps are useful. Students will find these volumes technical and complex, but beneficial to a full understanding of the current debate.—Eva Elisabeth VonAncken, formerly at Trinity-Pawling School, Pawling, NY
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816072644
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 12/1/2009
  • Series: Global Warming Series
  • Pages: 288
  • Sales rank: 1,432,615
  • Age range: 14 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface viii

Acknowledgments xii

Introduction xiv

1 The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming 1

Discovery of the Greenhouse Effect 1

Fourier, Arrhenius, and Callendar: Pioneers of Global Warming 3

The Greenhouse Effect 5

Greenhouse Gases 18

Global Warming Potential 21

The Role of Ozone 25

Global Dimming 27

2 Carbon Sequestration 30

The Earth's Carbon Cycle 30

Sinks and Sources 32

Types of Carbon Sequestration 39

The Carbon Conundrum 54

Modeling Carbon Emissions in the United States 58

3 Agriculture and Greenhouse Gases 60

The Effects of Global Warming on Agriculture 60

The Response of Agriculture to Climate Change 61

Acres of Opportunity-Greenhouse Gas Mitigation and Biofuels 74

Agriculture and Food Supply 80

4 Deforestation and Greenhouse Gases 87

Forests' Role in Climate Change 87

Carbon Sinks 94

Impacts of Deforestation 98

Ram Forest Facts 102

Climate Change Impacts 105

After Deforestation and the Future 109

5 Anthropogenic Causes and Effects 113

Carbon Footprints 114

Calculating Your Carbon Footprint 114

Land Use Change 119

Public Lands 123

Cities at Risk 128

Areas Most at Risk 133

Climate Solutions for Cities 137

Cultural Losses 138

Economic Impacts 139

6 The Fate of Natural Refuges 141

Climate Change Impacts to Nature and Wildlife 141

The Endangered Species Act 145

Working Together to Protect Wildlife 148

The Timing of Seasonal Events 152

The Myths and Realities About the Endangered Species Act 154

Wildlife in Peril 156

Refuges at Risk 158

The Role of Refuges 159

Laws in Force to Help Wildlife 166

7 Global Warming around the World 171

Europe, Russia, and Asia 172

EyewitnessAccounts 177

Africa and Oceania 179

The Arctic and Antarctica 181

South, Central, and North America 184

Global Warming Effects in the United States 186

8 Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change 204

Impacts of Global Warming 204

Mitigation Strategies-Carbon Capture and Storage 208

Mitigation-One Step at a Time: Heading in the Right Direction 224

Adaptation Strategies 224

Chronology 234

Appendix: The Top 20 Carbon Dioxide Emitters 240

Glossary 242

Further Resources 248

Index 261

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