Greening Aid?: Understanding the Environmental Impact of Development Assistance

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Overview

Every year, billions of dollars of environmental aid flow from the rich of the North to the poor of the South. Why do donors provide this aid? What do they seek to achieve? What explains the patterns of environmental aid spending—is it designed to address real problems, achieve geopolitical or commercial gains abroad, or buy political mileage at home? And does it always go to the places of greatest environmental need? This groundbreaking text is based on the authors' work compiling and evaluating the environmental impact of over 400,000 development project by more than 50 donors to over 170 recipient nations. Greening Aid? explains major trends over the last decades, ranks donors according to their performance, and offers case studies which contrast donors and types of environmental aid.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"Greening Aid? reveals surprising patterns in how the greening of aid took place during the last two decades of the 20th century. It is a major work of scholarship, constituting an enormous step forward in our understanding of environmental aid."--Robert O. Keohane, Professor of International Affairs, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University

"Do no harm. That's the minimum we should expect of development assistance. But some aid has caused harm - to the environment if not also to development. Aid policies have changed as a result, but has the 'greening' of aid been successful? The evidence previously has been anecdotal. This careful study offers the most systematic treatment of this important subject yet available - a valuable contribution to the study of aid and its environmental consequences."--Scott Barrett, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies

"The authors address whether foreign assistance has over time become more friendly to environmental concerns... To With billions spent on environmental aid each year, this text examines its effectiveness and whether it is actually going to the places with the greatest environmental need classified each project...into one of five categories according to how friendly or unfriendly it was to the environment. Their major finding is that environmental friendly aid projects did indeed grow significantly both in relative terms and in dollar amounts between 1980 and 1999... The authors explore several explanations for the difference in trends, with sometimes surprising conclusions."--Foreign Affairs

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199213948
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 5/25/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 360
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert L. Hicks is Associate Professor of Economics at The College of William and Mary. He is a graduate of North Carolina State University (B.A., 1991) and the University of Maryland (Ph.D., 1997). His research includes econometric approaches for measuring peoples' preferences for environmental goods, environmental valuation, and the optimal management of natural resources.

Bradley C. Parks is a PhD student at the London School of Economics and Political Science and a Research Fellow at the College of William and Mary's Institute for the Theory and Practice of International Relations. He has written and contributed to several books and articles on global environmental politics, international political economy, and development theory and practice. He previously served as an Associate Director of Development Policy in the Department of Policy and International Relations at the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC). He was also a founding member of MCC's Climate Change Working Group, which is responsible for more effectively integrating climate considerations into the selection, design, and implementation of U.S. foreign assistance projects.

J. Timmons Roberts is Professor of Sociology and Director of the Center for Environmental Studies at Brown University. Professor Roberts received his PhD from the Johns Hopkins University in 1992 and has taught at Tulane University and the College of William and Mary, where he conducted this research. He is author of a number of books and articles and his research interests include Globalization, Development and Social Change, Environmental Sociology, and Climate Change

Michael J. Tierney is Associate Professor of Government at The College of William and Mary. He received a B.A. from William and Mary in 1987 and a Ph.D. from the University of California at San Diego in 2003. His research interests include International Relations, International Organization, and Institutional Theory

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Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

List of Acronyms

1 From Rio to Gleneagles: Has Aid Been Greened? 1

2 Billions for the Earth? Patterns of Environmental Assistance 20

3 Who Receives Environmental Aid? Patterns of Allocation and Case Studies of Five Major Recipients 54

4 To Areas of Need, Opportunity, or Strategic Interest? Explaining Which Countries Receive Environmental Aid and Why 91

5 Which Donors Are the Greenest? Trends in Bilateral Aid and Key Donor Profiles 123

6 The Political Market for Environmental Aid: Why Some Donors Are Greener Than Others 159

7 Have the Multilateral Been Greened? Major Trends and Cases 184

8 Outsourcing the National Interest? Delegating Environmental Aid to Multilateral Agencies 211

9 Looking to the Future of Environmental Aid 245

App. A The Project-Level Aid Database 265

App. B Aid Flows to Recipients 273

App. C Technical Details 280

References 293

Index 328

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