"Trade and the environment" issues have engaged powerful non-governmental organizations in the United States, Europe, and elsewhere. Environmentalists and labor union leaders have been concerned that falling international trade barriers, along with international trade organizations associated with free trade, are undermining environmental protection. In contrast, business leaders and developing-country governments have been concerned that purported environmental regulations may be used as disguised barriers to trade. Those with competing perspectives on these issues have clashed in scholarly journals, the editorial pages of leading newspapers, the halls of government—and in the streets. This is the first book that systematically compares how each of the world's major international trade organizations has been addressing environmental issues. It provides background, up-to-date information, and analysis on the development of trade-environment rules in the World Trade Organization, the European Union, the North American Free Trade Agreement, the Free Trade Area of the Americas, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the International Organization for Standardization, and other key organizations. All of the essays are both policy-oriented and conscious of their theoretical underpinnings. Together they offer a range of realist, liberal, and institutionalist perspectives. The book concludes by suggesting that the treatment of environmental issues in international trade organizations is best explained by understanding the trade and environment interests of the world's most powerful countries.
Richard Steinberg and his collaborators present an analysis that is well argued and likely to provoke a lively discussion.
World Trade Review
Each of the essays [in this book] provides comprehensive and thoughtful analysis of the treatment of environmental issues in its subject trade agreement and its environmental law coverage or lack thereof. This book is highly recommended for anyone with a serious interest in either side of the trade-environment equation.
A real contribution to a field that, as the Battle in Seattle showed, will only grow in importance. [The editor] has assembled the key people in the subject. . . . This could well become the standard reference in the field of trade and environment.
For all the fashionability of interdisciplinary scholarship, neither international law nor international relations pays nearly enough attention to the comparative study of institutions. The Greening of Trade Law makes an important and lasting contribution to both disciplines.
Richard H. Steinberg is professor of law at the University of California, Los Angeles, and senior research fellow at the Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE) at the University of California, Berkeley.
Chapter 1 Understanding Trade and the Environment: Conceptual Frameworks Part 2 PART I: The World Trade Organization Chapter 3 A Reluctant Global Policy Maker Chapter 4 Dispute Settlement and U.S. Environmental Laws Chapter 5 The Nexus of Law and Politics: The WTO's Committee on Trade and Environment Part 6 PART II: Regional Organizations Chapter 7 The European Community: Environmental Issues in an Integrated Market Chapter 8 The North American Free Trade Agreement: Alternative Models of Managing Trade and the Environment Chapter 9 The Free Trade Area of the Americas: Lessons From North America Chapter 10 APEC: The "Sustainable Development" Agenda Part 11 PART III: A Business-Led Organization Chapter 12 The International Organization for Standardization: Drafting the ISO 14000 Series Part 13 PART IV: Conclusion Chapter 14 Explaining Similarities and Differences across International Trade Organizations