Groundwater in Rural Development: Facing the Challenges of Supply and Resource Sustainability

Overview

Groundwater is of major importance to rural development in many countries of the world. As a result of its widespread distribution, low development cost, and generally excellent quality, it has been the fundamental resource allowing the rapid development of improved domestic water supplies for the rural population and in many areas has also supported a major increase of highly productive agricultural irrigation. Groundwater resources are thus vital for meeting an array of basic needs, from public health to ...
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Overview

Groundwater is of major importance to rural development in many countries of the world. As a result of its widespread distribution, low development cost, and generally excellent quality, it has been the fundamental resource allowing the rapid development of improved domestic water supplies for the rural population and in many areas has also supported a major increase of highly productive agricultural irrigation. Groundwater resources are thus vital for meeting an array of basic needs, from public health to poverty alleviation and economic development. Because of high rates of abstraction required for irrigation, however, in some areas there is significant concern about sustainability of the resource base, because of falling groundwater tables and near irreversible aquifier deterioration through saline intrusion. There are also additional sustainability concerns as a result of the increasing incidence of groundwater pollution from over-intensive or inadequately managed agricultural cultivation practices. This report is based on reviewing the evolving situation during the 1990s in a substantial number of developing nations. It aims to raise awareness of the key linkages between groundwater and rural development, and to identify appropriate technical and institutional approaches for improving the operational reliability of water wells and the sustainability of groundwater resources as a whole.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Identifies appropriate technical and institutional approaches for improving the operational reliability of waterwells and the sustainability of groundwater resources as a whole. The paper emphasizes action to reduce the growth in groundwater abstraction and to constrain subsurface contaminant load. No index. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780821347034
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • Publication date: 3/28/2000
  • Series: Technical Paper Series
  • Pages: 124

Table of Contents

Foreword
Abstract
Acknowledgments
Executive Summary
1 General Introduction 1
Importance of Groundwater Supply in Rural Development 1
Effects of Agricultural Development on Groundwater 3
Key Groundwater Development and Management Issues 6
Variation of Issues with Scale of Groundwater Exploitation 7
Variation of Issues with Hydrogeological Regime 7
Analysis of Issues from Stakeholder Perspectives 8
2 Groundwater Supply: Installation and Operation 13
Context of Main Issues 13
Access to Adequate Water Supply 14
Intrinsic Groundwater Quality Problems 26
Operational Sustainability of Rural Water Supplies 34
Resume on Groundwater Supply Development 39
3 Groundwater Resource Sustainability 40
Context and Challenge for Management 40
Institutional Framework for Resource Management 49
Key Management Functions 52
Economic Instruments for Groundwater Management 66
Mounting Groundwater Management Action Plan 69
4 Protecting Groundwater Quality 75
Nature of Diffuse Pollution Threat from Agriculture 75
Processes Controlling Nitrate Leaching and Transport 76
Risk of Pesticide Contamination 77
Controlling the Leaching of Agrochemicals 81
Pollution Hazard Assessment and Protection Strategy 83
5 The Rural-Urban Interface: An Addendum 90
Groundwater Resource Competition and Transfers 90
Municipal Wellfield Protection Issues 91
Urban Wastewater Reuse for Irrigation 91
References 94
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