Group Rationality in Scientific Research by Husain Sarkar | 9780521317986 | Paperback | Barnes & Noble
Group Rationality in Scientific Research

Group Rationality in Scientific Research

by Husain Sarkar
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521317983

ISBN-13: 9780521317986

Pub. Date: 06/30/2011

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Under what conditions is a group of scientists rational? How would rational scientists collectively agree to make their group more effective? What sorts of negotiations would occur among them and under what conditions? What effect would their final agreement have on science and society? These questions have been central to the philosophy of science for the last two

Overview

Under what conditions is a group of scientists rational? How would rational scientists collectively agree to make their group more effective? What sorts of negotiations would occur among them and under what conditions? What effect would their final agreement have on science and society? These questions have been central to the philosophy of science for the last two decades. In this book, Husain Sarkar proposes answers to them by building on classical solutions - the skeptical view, two versions of the subjectivist view, the objectivist view, and the view of Hilary Putnam.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521317986
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
06/30/2011
Edition description:
Reprint
Pages:
302
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents


Preface     ix
Acknowledgments     xiii
The Overview     1
The Plan of the Book     6
Group to Individual, or Vice Versa?     13
The Williams Problem and Utopias     18
Group Rationality: A Unique Problem     24
Not an Evolutionary Problem     25
Not a Game Theory Problem     31
Ramsey and Group Rationality     40
The Problem Explored: Sen's Way     47
Consistency, Ordering, and Rationality     48
Other Notions of Rationality and Scientific Welfare     52
The Sen-Problems of Group Rationality     56
The Problem Defined     67
The Skeptical View     69
The Democratic Councils     70
No Covenant, a Tale     77
Multiply, Multiply, Multiply     83
Positive Arguments     88
Negative Arguments     97
The Route to the Goal     100
The Subjectivist View I     107
Individuals, Group, and Goals     108
Divisions and Discrepancies     114
A Society of Ruthless Egoists     118
Theory Choice     123
Problems and a Paradox     126
The Subjectivist View II     136
Values and Individuals     137
Group Transitions and Risk Distribution     149
History, Values, and Representative Groups     154
Negotiations in the Scientists' Original Position     163
The City of Man?     174
The Objectivist View     181
Two Objectivist Problems     182
Toward the Best Available Method     185
The Best Available Method     188
Is the Single Method Sufficient?     191
A New Problem of Demarcation     195
Illustration: The Herbalist Tradition     200
The Scare of Saint-Simon     203
Putnam, Individual Rationality, and Peirce's Puzzle     212
Democracy and Group Rationality     213
Moral Images, Scientific Images     216
Method, Historical Knowledge, and Reason     223
Peirce's Puzzle     226
Ultimately, Relativism?     234
What Lies at Bedrock     240
The Nine Problems     243
The Problem, the Common Aim of Science, and the Basic Structure     244
The Council, Reasoning, and Allegiance     252
The Universal Law of Rationality, the Worth of Science, and Utopias      260
Bibliography     267
Name Index     275
Subject Index     280

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