Growing Explanations: Historical Perspectives on Recent Science

Growing Explanations: Historical Perspectives on Recent Science

by M. Norton Wise
     
 

This collection addresses a post-WWII shift in the hierarchy of scientific explanations, where the highest goal moves from reductionism towards some understanding of how elementary objects get built up, or "grown up", into complex, objects whose

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Overview

This collection addresses a post-WWII shift in the hierarchy of scientific explanations, where the highest goal moves from reductionism towards some understanding of how elementary objects get built up, or "grown up", into complex, objects whose

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822333074
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
07/01/2004
Series:
Science and Cultural Theory Series
Pages:
360
Product dimensions:
6.34(w) x 9.52(h) x 1.16(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction: dynamincs all the way up / M. Norton Wise 1

Part I Mathematics, physics, and engineering

Elementary particles?

1. Mirror symmetry: persons, values, and objects / Peter Galison 23

Nonlinear dynamics and chaos

2. Chaos, disorder, and mixing: a new fin-de-siecle image of science? / Amy Dahan Dalmedico 67

3. Forms of explanation in the catastrophe theory of Rene Thjom: topology, morphogenesis, and structuralism / David Aubin 95

Coping with complexity in technology

4. From Boeing to Berkeley: civil engineers, the cold war, and the origins of finite element analysis / Ann Johnson 133

5. Fuzzyfying the world: social practices of showing the properties of fuzzy logic / Claude Rosental 159

Part II The organism, the self, and (artificial) life

Self-Organization

6. Marrying the premodern to the postmodern: computers and organisms after World War II / Evelyn Fox Keller 181

Immunology

7. Immunology and the enigma of selfhood / Alfred I. Tauber 201

8. Immunology of AIDS: growning explanations and developing instruments / Ilana Lowy 222

Artificial Life

9. Artificial life support: some nodes in the Alife ribotype / Richard Doyle 251

10. The word for world is computer: simulating second natures in artificial life / Stefan Helmreich 275

11. Constructing and explaining emergence in artificial life: on paradigms, ontodefinitions, and general knowledge in biology / Claus Emmeche 301

Afterword 327

Contributors 333

Index 337

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