Growing Pains: Russian Democracy and the Election of 1993 / Edition 1

Growing Pains: Russian Democracy and the Election of 1993 / Edition 1

by Timothy J. Colton
     
 

The Russian Federation on December 12, 1993, held its first national election since the collapse of Soviet Communism. The election, to a new, two-chamber parliament, was accompanied by a constitutional referendum. It followed months of wrangling over political and economic reform and a violent showdown in Moscow between President Boris Yeltsin and his opponents.

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Overview

The Russian Federation on December 12, 1993, held its first national election since the collapse of Soviet Communism. The election, to a new, two-chamber parliament, was accompanied by a constitutional referendum. It followed months of wrangling over political and economic reform and a violent showdown in Moscow between President Boris Yeltsin and his opponents. After a bitter campaign in which the government frequently changed the rules of the game, Russians narrowly endorsed Yeltsin's draft constitution, but turned out in large numbers for nationalistic and socialistic opposition parties, leaving Russia's Choice, the party favored by the president, with a small minority of the seats. The contest, with its deeply contradictory results, was a watershed in the evolution of Russia's fledgling democracy.

Growing Pains is a detailed study of the 1993 election and of its implications for Russian development and for the country's relations with the West. Several chapters, relying on comprehensive surveys of the Russian electorate, analyze the election process and how social structure and citizen opinions shaped voter choice. Others examine the campaigns of the major parties, the nature and consequences of electoral rules, and the roles of the mass media. Still others examine the campaign and its outcome at the grassroots in ten regions of Russia, from the western provinces to the Pacific coast, demonstrating the significance of local context and local elites and power structures in Russia's transitional politics.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780815715214
Publisher:
Brookings Institution Press
Publication date:
08/01/1998
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
766
Product dimensions:
6.07(w) x 9.11(h) x 1.69(d)
Lexile:
1530L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

1Introduction: The 1993 Election and the New Russian Politics1
2Institutional Rules and Party Formation37
3Determinants of the Party Vote75
4Russia's Choice: The Perils of Revolutionary Democracy115
5Between the Extremes: The Moderate Reformist and Centrist Blocs141
6Right and Left in the Hard Opposition177
7Television and the Campaign211
8The Press and the Campaign: Comprehensive but Fragmented Coverage237
9The Mass Media and the Electorate267
10Public Opinion and the Constitutional Referendum291
11Preserving the Radical Stronghold: The Election in Moscow311
12St. Petersburg: The Election in the Democratic Metropolis349
13Sverdlovsk: Mixed Results in a Hotbed of Regional Autonomy397
14Nizhnii Novgorod: The Dual Structure of Political Space431
15Political Ambition, Elite Competition, and Electoral Success in Saratov Oblast463
16Kursk: A Preserve of Communism491
17The Kuzbass: Liberals, Populists, and Labor533
18Primor'e: Local Politics and a Coalition for Reform567
19Bashkortostan: The Logic of Ethnic Machine Politics and Democratic Consolidation599
20Tatarstan: Elite Bargaining and Ethnic Separatism637
21The Failure of Party Formation and the Future of Russian Democracy669
Contributors
Index

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