Growth and Convergence in Metropolitan America / Edition 1

Growth and Convergence in Metropolitan America / Edition 1

by Janet Rothenberg Pack
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0815702477

ISBN-13: 9780815702474

Pub. Date: 03/01/2002

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

While the suburbs of most metropolitan areas are wealthier than their urban counterparts, rapid regional growth can improve the welfare of both city and suburb, according to a new book from Janet Rothenberg Pack. In Growth and Convergence in Metropolitan America, Pack identifies growth trends that have contributed to the convergence of welfare among regions. Pack

Overview

While the suburbs of most metropolitan areas are wealthier than their urban counterparts, rapid regional growth can improve the welfare of both city and suburb, according to a new book from Janet Rothenberg Pack. In Growth and Convergence in Metropolitan America, Pack identifies growth trends that have contributed to the convergence of welfare among regions. Pack analyzes demographic, social, and economic data from 277 metropolitan areas in the northeastern, midwestern, southern, and western United States between 1960 and 1990. Her analysis reveals a strong connection between regional growth and improved socioeconomic vitality. She finds little connection between population growth—the focus of many previous studies—and well-being, but a strong connection between per capita income growth and well-being. Moreover, there has been a major change in the factors associated with economic growth between the 1970s and 1980s. In the latter decade, the importance of an educated labor force and major universities have assumed major importance. This appears likely to have continued to be true in the 1990s. While current urban policy has focused on intra-metropolitan cooperation as the key to improving conditions in declining or slow-growing urban areas, Pack's analysis emphasizes the major differences among the larger regions of the country—both their cities and suburbs. From this perspective, national policies, both macro-economic policy and the progressive income tax, appear to be the most effective influences promoting regional convergence and improving the socio-economic well-being of both city and suburban residents.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780815702474
Publisher:
Brookings Institution Press
Publication date:
03/01/2002
Series:
James A. Johnson Metro Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
208
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Data Notexvii
Chapter 1Major Shifts in Population and Economic Activity1
Chapter 2Interregional Differences: Characteristics and Explanations31
Chapter 3Socioeconomic Characteristics and Growth47
Chapter 4Estimating Growth85
Chapter 5Behind the Growth Equations121
Chapter 6Regional Policy152
Appendixes
AStates by Census Region and Division183
BThe Intrametropolitan Linkage Literature: A Brief Summary185
CAnnexation and Urban Development192
References197
Index of Authors Cited205
Index209
Figures
1-1.Metropolitan Population in Cities and Suburbs, by Decade, 1960-904
1-2.Distribution of Regional Metropolitan Population, by Decade, 1960-905
1-3.Metropolitan Income in Cities and Suburbs, by Decade, 1960-908
1-4.Proportion of Total Metropolitan Income, by Regions, Cities, and Suburbs, by Decade, 1960-9010
1-5.Percentage Change in City and Suburban Population, by Region, 1960s
1-6.Percentage Change in City and Suburban Population, by Region, 1970s
1-7.Percentage Change in City and Suburban Population, by Region, 1980s
1-8.Percentage Change in City and Suburban per Capita Income, by Region, 1960s
1-9.Percentage Change in City and Suburban per Capita Income, by Region, 1970s
1-10.Percentage Change in City and Suburban per Capita Income, by Region, 1980s
3-1.Average Metropolitan Poverty Rate, by Decade and Region, 1970s-90s57
3-2.Average Metropolitan Unemployment Rate, by Decade and Region, 1970s-90s58
3-3.Average Metropolitan Education Attainment: Percentage College Graduates, by Decade and Region (Population Age 25 or Older), 1970s-90s58
3-4.Average Metropolitan Education Attainment: Less than High School Education, by Decade and Region (Population Age 25 or Older), 1970s-90s59
3-5.Average Metropolitan Immigrant Percentage of Population, by Decade and Region, 1970s-90s59
4-1.Inflation, Gross Domestic Product Deflator87
4-2.Imports of Goods and Services87
4-3.Sectoral Shares of Gross Domestic Product88
5-1.Characteristics of Twenty Fastest-Growing and Slowest-Growing MSAs, Population, 1970-80127
5-2.Characteristics of Twenty Fastest-Growing and Slowest-Growing MSAs, Population, 1980-90128
5-3.Characteristics of Fifty Fastest-Growing and Slowest-Growing MSAs, Population, 1970-80131
5-4.Characteristics of Fifty Fastest-Growing and Slowest-Growing MSAs, Population, 1980-90132
5-5.Per Capita Income Growth Rates, MSAs, 1970-80 versus 1980-90136
5-6.Population Growth Rates, MSAs, 1970-80 versus 1980-90137
5-7.Characteristics of Fifty Fastest-Growing and Slowest-Growing MSAs, per Capita Income, 1970-80138
5-8.Characteristics of Fifty Fastest-Growing and Slowest-Growing MSAs, per Capita Income, 1980-90139
5-9.Comparison of Population and per Capita Income Growth, by Region, 1970-80142
5-10.Comparison of Population and per Capita Income Growth, by Region, 1980-90143
6-1.Relative Average per Capita Income, Census Regions, 1960-90154
Tables
1-1.Share of Metropolitan Population and Income in Cities and Suburbs, by Decade, 1960-903
1-2.Regional Distribution of U.S. Metropolitan Population, 1950-964
1-3.Total Population and Population Growth: Region, City, and Suburbs, by Decade, 1960-907
1-4.Share of Total MSA Income: Regions, Cities, and Suburbs, by Decade, 1960-909
1-5.Total Income and Income Growth: Region, City, and Suburbs, by Decade, 1960-9011
1-6.Average Metropolitan Area per Capita Income Growth, by Region, 1970s and 1980s13
1-7.Fifty Fastest-Growing Metropolitan Areas, Population, 1960-9014
1-8.Fifty Slowest-Growing Metropolitan Areas, Population, 1960-9016
1-9.Fifty Fastest-Growing Metropolitan Areas, Total Income, 1960-9018
1-10.Fifty Slowest-Growing Metropolitan Areas, Total Income, 1960-9020
1-11.Population Change by Region, 1990-9626
2-1.Metropolitan Migration Rates, 1975-80 and 1985-9037
2-2.Population Growth (Equations 2-1 and 2-2)38
2-3.Per Capita Income Growth (Equations 2-1 and 2-2)39
2-4.Number of Central Cities That Annexed Territory between 1960 and 1990 and Average Increase in Land Area43
2-5.Number of Annexations by Region and Decade43
2-6.Growth Rates and Socioeconomic Indicators, Metropolitan Areas with and without Annexation44
3-1.Socioeconomic Variables and Basic Statistics, Metropolitan Areas, Central Cities, and Suburbs, 1970 and 199052
3-2.Socioeconomic Variables and Basic Statistics, Metropolitan Areas, Central Cities, and Suburbs, by Region, 1970 and 199054
3-3.Correlations of Socioeconomic Variables between Decades: Cities, Suburbs, and Metropolitan Areas, 1970 and 1980, 1980 and 199066
3-4.Percentage Change in Poverty Rates, Cities and Suburbs, 1970s and 1980s69
3-5.Income Inequality: per Capita Income City/Suburb, 1990 and 198072
3-6.Percentage Change in Unemployment Rates, Cities and Suburbs, 1970s and 1980s73
3-7.Percentage Change in College Graduates, Cities and Suburbs, 1970s and 1980s77
3-8.Percentage Change in Non--High School Graduates, Cities and Suburbs, 1970s and 1980s78
4-1.Correlation between Population and per Capita Income Growth Rates, MSAs91
4-2.Regional Influence on Metropolitan Population and per Capita Income Growth, 1970-9096
4-3.Definitions of Variables Used in Equations 4-7 and 4-899
4-4.Determinants of MSA Population Growth, 1970-90108
4-5.Determinants of MSA Population Growth, 1970-80109
4-6.Determinants of MSA Population Growth 1980-90110
4-7.Determinants of MSA per Capita Income Growth, 1970-90115
4-8.Determinants of MSA per Capita Income Growth, 1970-80116
4-9.Determinants of MSA per Capita Income Growth, 1980-90117
5-1.Twenty Fastest-Growing MSAs: Population, 1970s and 1980s125
5-2.Twenty Slowest-Growing MSAs: Population, 1970s and 1980s126
5-3.Twenty Fastest-Growing MSAs: per Capita Income, 1970s and 1980s134
5-4.Twenty Slowest-Growing MSAs: per Capita Income, 1970s and 1980s135
5-5.Correlation of Exogenous Variables144
6-1.Severely Distressed Metropolitan Areas, 1990, 1980, 1970169
6-2.Educational Achievement in Severely Distressed and Well-off Metropolitan Areas, 1970, 1980, and 1990170
Maps
1-1.Percent Change in Metropolitan Population in the 1960s
1-2.Percent Change in Metropolitan Population in the 1970s
1-3.Percent Change in Metropolitan Population in the 1980s
1-4.Percent Change in Suburban Population in the 1960s
1-5.Percent Change in Suburban Population in the 1970s
1-6.Percent Change in Suburban Population in the 1980s
1-7.Percent Change in City Population in the 1960s
1-8.Percent Change in City Population in the 1970s
1-9.Percent Change in City Population in the 1980s
1-10.Percent Change in Metropolitan Income per Capita in the 1960s
1-11.Percent Change in Metropolitan Income per Capita in the 1970s
1-12.Percent Change in Metropolitan Income per Capita in the 1980s
1-13.Percent Change in Suburban Income per Capita in the 1960s
1-14.Percent Change in Suburban Income per Capita in the 1970s
1-15.Percent Change in Suburban Income per Capita in the 1980s
1-16.Percent Change in City Income per Capita in the 1960s
1-17.Percent Change in City Income per Capita in the 1970s
1-18.Percent Change in City Income per Capita in the 1980s

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