Growth, Maturation, and Body Composition: The Fels Longitudinal Study, 1929-1991

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Documents The Fels Longitudinal Study, one of the most remarkable and significant long-term studies in the field of human biology.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...acessible to scholars from a range of disciplines, including anthropology, medicine, nutrition, and genetics." S. A. Quandt, Choice

"...a valuable contribution....of intrinsic interest to research specialists in growth and development and should be appreciated by serious students of the subject." Michelle Lampl, American Journal of Physical Anthropology

"...a valuable document of research topics and conclusions carried out in the Fels study. It is also a good source book on the history of growth studies in North American and the development of the Human Biology discipline over the past 62 years." William H. Mueller, American Journal of Human Biology

"The merits of this book include the breadth of the literature cited, the use of graphs, charts, and tables to augment the text, the description of ongoing and future research endeavors of Fels investigators, and the candid acknowledgements of the limitations of the Fels data." Paula A. Quatromoni, Journal of Nutrition Education

"I thoroughly enjoyed reading this volume. It is a rich source of information on a unique center and should be required reading for students of auxology." Science

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Product Details

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1
A little history 3
Biographical sketches 7
The major US longitudinal studies 10
The Fels Longitudinal Study 12
The well-planned long-term longitudinal study 20
2 The management and analysis of data 26
The need for accurate data 26
Quality control 30
Data management 34
Interpolation 35
Derivation of variables 39
Transformation of variables 40
Statistical analyses in the Fels Longitudinal Study 41
3 Prenatal, familial and genetic studies 53
Prenatal studies 53
Familial and genetic studies 62
4 Physical growth 68
Development and standardization of anthropometric methods 68
Age changes in anthropometric variables 70
Methods of growth assessment 78
Secular changes in anthropometric variables 91
Determinants of growth 95
The final phase of growth 104
The prediction of adult stature 108
Associations between growth and behavioral variables 116
Future directions 118
5 Physical maturation and development 120
Skeletal maturation 121
Dental maturation 141
Sexual maturation 145
Other aspects of maturation 147
The non-invasive assessment of maturity 149
The regulation of maturation and its associations 150
The timing and sequence of adolescent events 153
The development of hearing ability 153
Developmental changes in skin reflectance 155
6 Bones and teeth 157
Skeletal growth 157
Growth of specific skeletal regions 160
Skeletal variations 182
Skeletal mass 187
Plasma alkaline phosphatase 194
Teeth 194
7 Body composition and risk factors for cardiovascular disease 199
Methodological aspects 200
Total body composition 204
Bioelectric impedance 210
Predictive equations 214
Regional body composition 218
Adipocytes 229
Assessment of nutritional status 230
Influences on body composition 234
Risk factors for cardiovascular disease 236
Epilogue 241
References 242
Index 278
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