Growth, Maturation & Physical Activity - 2E / Edition 2

Growth, Maturation & Physical Activity - 2E / Edition 2

by Robert Malina, Claude Bouchard, Oded Bar-Or
     
 

ISBN-10: 0880118822

ISBN-13: 9780880118828

Pub. Date: 12/18/2003

Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers

The second edition of Growth, Maturation, and Physical Activity has been expanded with almost 300 new pages of material, making it the most comprehensive text on the biological growth, maturation, physical performance, and physical activity of children and adolescents. The new edition retains all the best features of the original

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Overview

The second edition of Growth, Maturation, and Physical Activity has been expanded with almost 300 new pages of material, making it the most comprehensive text on the biological growth, maturation, physical performance, and physical activity of children and adolescents. The new edition retains all the best features of the original text, including the helpful outlines at the beginning of each chapter that allow students to review major concepts.

This edition features updates on basic content, expanded and modified chapters, and the latest research findings to meet the needs of upper undergraduate and graduate students as well as researchers and professionals working with children and young adults. The second edition also includes these new features:

-10 lab activities that encourage students to investigate subject matter outside of class and save teachers time

-A complete reference list at the end of each chapter

-Chapter-ending summaries to make the review process easy for students

-New chapters that contain updates on thermoregulation, methods for the assessment of physical activity, undernutrition, obesity, children with clinical conditions, and trends in growth and performance

-Discussions that span current problems in public health, such as the quantification of physical activity and energy expenditure, persistent undernutrition in developing countries, and the obesity epidemic in developed countries
The authors are three of the world's foremost authorities on children's growth and development. In 29 chapters, they address introductory concepts and prenatal growth, postnatal growth, functional development, biological maturation, influencing factors in growth, maturation and development, and specific applications to public health and sport. In addition, secular trends in growth, maturation, and performance over the past 150 years are considered. You'll be able to recognize risk factors that may affect young athletes; you'll also be able to make informed decisions about appropriate physical activities, program delivery, and performance expectations.

Growth, Maturation, and Physical Activity, Second Edition, covers many additional topics, including new techniques for the assessment of body composition, the latest advances in the study of skeletal muscle, the human genome, the hormonal regulation of growth and maturation, clarification of dietary reference intakes, and the study of risk factors for several adult diseases.

This is the only text to focus on the biological growth and maturation process of children and adolescents as it relates to physical activity and performance. With over 300 new pages of material, this text expertly builds on the successful first edition.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780880118828
Publisher:
Human Kinetics Publishers
Publication date:
12/18/2003
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
728
Sales rank:
900,313
Product dimensions:
11.10(w) x 8.60(h) x 2.00(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments

Part I. Introduction
Chapter 1. Introductory Concepts

-Definitions and Context

-Chronological Age and Age Groups

-Why Study These Phenomena?

-Types of Studies

-Principles of Measurement and Observation

-Overview of Postnatal Growth: Scammon's Curves

-General Regulation of Growth and Maturation

-Sources of Growth, Performance, and Activity Data

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 2. Prenatal Growth and Functional Development

-Stages of Prenatal Growth

-Sex Differentiation

-Twins and Twinning

-Prenatal Loss

-Congenital Malformations

-Fetal Growth

-Fetal Motor Activity

-Factors That Affect Birth Weight

-Overview of the Prenatal Period

-Fetal Origins of Adult Diseases

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Part II. Postnatal Growth
Chapter 3. Somatic Growth

-Measurements Commonly Used in Growth Studies

-Growth in Stature and Body Weight

-Growth of the Body Mass Index

-Growth Patterns in Other Body Dimensions

-Changes in Body Proportions

-Adjusting for Variation in Body Size—Scaling

-Tracking

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 4. Development of Physique

-Concept of Somatotype

-Methods in the Assessment of Physique

-Somatotyping Children and Adolescents

-Examples of Somatotypes of Individuals During Growth

-Distributions of Somatotypes

-Change in Somatotype During Growth

-Tracking

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 5. Body Composition

-Models of Body Composition

-Methods for Estimating Body Composition

-Applications to Children and Adolescents

-Concept of Chemical Maturity

-Composition of the Fat-Free Mass in Children and Adolescents

-Changes in Body Density and Total-Body Water During Growth

-Growth in Fat-Free Mass, Fat Mass, and Percent Fat

-Tracking

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 6. Bone Tissue in Skeletal Growth and Body Composition

-Bone Cells

-Bone Formation

-Growth of a Long Bone

-Bone As a Component of Body Composition

-Tracking

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 7. Skeletal Muscle Tissue

-Muscle As a Tissue

-Myogenesis

-Muscle Fiber Types

-Muscle Fiber Size

-Contractile Properties of Muscle

-Metabolic Properties of Muscle

-Assessing Muscle Mass of the Body

-Development of Muscle Tissue by Bodily Region

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 8. Adipose Tissue

-The Fat Cell As a Complex Structure

-Stages and Mechanisms of Adipogenesis

-White and Brown Adipose Cells

-White Adipose Tissue in Prenatal Life

-White Adipose Tissue in Postnatal Life

-Subcutaneous Fat Distribution During Growth

-Abdominal Visceral Fat During Growth

-Stability of Body Fat During Growth

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Part III. Functional Development
Chapter 9. Heart, Blood, and Lungs

-Features of Fetal Circulation

-Cardiopulmonary Adjustments at Birth

-Changes in Heart Size

-Changes in Heart Functions

-Changes in Features of Blood During Growth

-Changes in Lungs and Respiratory Functions During Growth

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 10. Motor Development

-What Is Motor Development?

-Motor Pattern and Skill

-Classifications of Motor Activities

-The Newborn Infant and the Reflexes of Infancy

-Motor Development —Birth to 2 Years of Age

-Development of Independent Walking

-Development of Fundamental Motor Skills

-Early Motor Development and Growth of the Brain

-Status at Birth and Subsequent Motor Development

-Early Postnatal Growth and Motor Development

-Overview of Motor Development

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 11. Strength and Motor Performance

-Physical Fitness

-Measures of Strength and Motor Performance

-Performance in Early Childhood

-Performance in Middle Childhood and Adolescence

-Relationships of Strength and Motor Performance to Size, Physique, and Body Composition

-Scaling of Strength and Motor Performance

-Tracking

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 12. Aerobic Performance

-Measurement Issues

-Growth-Related Adaptations in Aerobic Performance

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 13. Anaerobic Performance

-Anaerobic Versus Aerobic Energy Turnover

-Determinants of Anaerobic Performance

-Measurement Issues

-Growth and the Determinants of Anaerobic Performance

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 14. Thermoregulation During Growth

-The Physics of Heat Transfer

-Physiologic Means of Thermoregulation

-Responses to Heat Associated With Growth and Maturation

-Acclimatization and Acclimation

-Responses to Cold Climates

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Part IV. Biological Maturation
Chapter 15. Biological Maturation: Concepts and Assessment

-Assessing Skeletal Maturity

-Assessing Sexual Maturity

-Assessing Somatic Maturity

-Assessing Dental Maturity

-Interrelationships Among Maturity Indicators

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 16. Timing and Sequence of Changes During Adolescence

-Adolescent Growth Spurt

-Sexual Maturity

-Sequence of Sexual and Somatic Maturity

-Growth Spurts in Other Dimensions

-Body Dimensions and Composition Relative to Peak Height Velocity

-Growth Spurts in Performance

-Performance Relative to Menarche

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 17.Maturity-Associated Variation in Growth and Performance

-Classifying Children by Maturity Status

-Maturity-Associated Variation in Body Size

-Maturity-Associated Variation in Physique

-Maturity-Associated Variation in Body Composition

-Maturity-Associated Variation in Adipose Tissue Distribution

-Maturity-Associated Variation in Strength and Motor Performance

-Maturity-Associated Variation in the Adaptation to Exercise and VO2max

-Maturity-Associated Variation in Anaerobic Performance

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Part V. Influencing Factors
Chapter 18. Genetic Regulation of Growth, Maturation, and Performance

-The Human Genome

-The Human Gene

-From Genes to Proteins to Phenotypes

-Gene Expression

-The Special Case of Mitochondrial DNA

-Genetic Variation in Human Genes

-The Multifactorial Phenotype

-Genetics of Fetal Development

-Genetic Influences on the Newborn

-Genetics of Selected Growth Phenotypes

-Genetics of Maturation

-Genetics of Selected Performance Phenotypes

-Examples of Growth-Related Genes

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 19. Hormonal Regulation of Growth and Maturation

-Endocrine, Paracrine, Autocrine, and Intracrine Systems

-Endocrine Hormones

-Other Growth-Promoting Factors and Hormones

-Hypothalamic and Pituitary Hormones

-Growth Hormone and Related Growth Factors

-Thyroid Hormones

-Parathyroid and Calcitonin Hormones

-Hormones From the Adrenal Medulla and Cortex

-Gonadal Glands and Hormones

-Insulin and Glucagon

-Leptin

-Regulation of Puberty

-Menstrual Cycle

-Overview of Hormones and Their Actions

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 20. Energy and Nutritional Requirements

-Nutrients

-Breast-Feeding and the Infant

-Energy Needs

-Energy Requirements for Growth

-Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) for Energy Intake

-DRI for Protein Intake

-DRI for Lipid Intake

-Carbohydrate Requirements

-Vitamin Requirements

-Mineral Requirements

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 21. Physical Activity and Energy Expenditure: Assessment, Trends, and Tracking

-What Is Physical Activity?

-What Is Energy Expenditure?

-Methods of Assessing Patterns or Levels of Physical Activity and Energy Expenditure

-Developmental Trends in Physical Activity and Energy Expenditure

-Tracking of Physical Activity Levels

-Correlates of Physical Activity Levels in Childhood and Adolescence

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 22. Physical Activity As a Factor in Growth, Maturation, and Performance

-Physical Activity

-Approaches to the Study of Physical Activity

-Activity and Stature

-Activity, Body Weight, and Body Composition

-Activity and Physique

-Activity and Specific Tissues

-Activity and Biological Maturity

-Overview of Activity, Growth, and Maturation

-Activity, Fitness, and Performance

-The Concept of Trainability

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 23. Undernutrition in Childhood and Adolescence

-Criteria

-Prevalence

-Forms of Undernutrition

-Undernutrition in Preschool Children

-Undernutrition in School-Age Children

-Long-Term Consequences of Undernutrition

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 24. Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence

-Indicators

-Criteria and Prevalence

-Correlates of Overweight and Obesity

-Consequences of Obesity for Children and Adolescents

-Long-Term Consequences of Obesity

-Treatment

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 25. Other Factors Affecting Growth, Maturation, Performance, and Activity

-Social Conditions, Growth, and Maturation

-Social Conditions, Motor Development, Performance, and Activity

-Ethnic Variation in Growth and Maturity

-Ethnic Variation in Motor Development, Performance, and Activity

-Climate, Growth, and Maturity

-Climate, Performance, and Physical Activity

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Part VI. Applications
Chapter 26. Risk Factors During Growth and Adult Health

-Primary and Secondary Prevention

-Risk Factors for Common Metabolic Diseases

-Current Risk Profile of Children and Adolescents

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 27. Chronic Clinical Conditions and Physical Disabilities

-Selected Clinical Conditions That Affect Growth and Maturation

-Physical Activity of Children and Adolescents With Chronic Conditions

-Fitness and Performance of Children and Adolescents With Chronic Conditions

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 28. The Young Athlete

-Participation in Youth Sports

-Selection and Exclusion in Sport

-Who Is the Young Athlete?

-Stature and Weight of Young Athletes

-Maturity Status and Progress of Young Athletes

-Age at Menarche in Athletes

-Physique of Young Athletes

-Body Composition of Young Athletes

-Motor Performance Characteristics of Young Athletes

-Physiological Characteristics of Young Athletes

-Does Training for Sport Influence the Growth and Maturity of Young Athletes?

-Gymnastics and Ballet: Special Cases?

-Overview

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Chapter 29. Secular Trends in Growth, Maturation, and Performance

-Definitions

-Sources of Secular Trend Data

-Limitations and Assumptions in Secular Comparisons

-Secular Trends in Body Size

-Secular Trends in Body Proportions

-Secular Trends in Indicators of Maturity

-Secular Trends in Performance

-Secular Trends in Developing Countries

-Factors Underlying Secular Trends

-Summary

-Sources and Suggested Readings
Suggestions for Individual and Group Activities
Index
About the Authors

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