Guardians Of The Other Americas / Edition 1

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Overview

This book is a collection of essays written or edited by the author across thirty-five years of scholarly research and teaching contact with the military forces of Latin America. The central thesis is that the region's armed forces have been an escort to modernity within a heritage of freedom that is different from that found in North America, yet equally valid within the broad Judeo-Christian context. The opening section positions Latin America in the post-Cold War era and examines the emerging national security trends in the region. Next comes a section on U.S. policy which stresses the tendency of analysts to confuse Cold War era security issues with the age of gunboat diplomacy. The third section explores the turbulent Carribean region and its entrapment in Cold War jousting between the superpowers. Next comes a long section of showing Colombia's model defense of democratic institutions against multiple challenges. The fifth section sketches European influence on Latin American military behavior. The unifying theme is that Latin America is a hybrid region featuring the values of the Englightenment in Mediterranean Europe grafted unevenly opon huge indigeneous societies. Then comes a section which evaluates the era of romantic leftist revolution during the latter half of the Cold War in Latin America. The final section contains unique coverage of U.S.-Latin American military relations. The author's thesis is that Latin America is the world's least militarized region, and that the academic world in North America and Western Europe have demonized the region's armed forces in a politicized resurrection of the Black Legend. Comprehensive bibliographic entries allow the reader freedom to judge and choose.

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Editorial Reviews

Low Intensity Conflict and Law
...currently the definitive guide to works in its field...should be on the shelf of any student, scholar, or policymaker who wishes to be considered informed on issues of civil military relations in general and with respect to Latin America...tackles tough and controversial issues...brings the reality of the Latin American military to life.
Low Intensity Conflict And Law
"...currently the definitive guide to works in its field...should be on the shelf of any student, scholar, or policymaker who wishes to be considered informed on issues of civil military relations in general and with respect to Latin America...tackles tough and controversial issues...brings the reality of the Latin American military to life."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780761806370
  • Publisher: University Press of America
  • Publication date: 12/26/1996
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 292
  • Product dimensions: 0.66 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 9.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Russell W. Ramsey is Distinguished Resident Professor at the U.S. Army School of the Americas in Fort Benning, Georgia.

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Table of Contents

Quiz on Latin America
I Setting
World Systems, Challenges: 1993-2025, Reserve Officers Association National Security Report 1
Strategic Reading on Latin America, Review Essay 4
Strategic Reading on Latin America: 1995 Update 9
II US Policy
Review of: Eisenhower: The Foreign Policy of Anti-Communism and Latin America by Stephen G. Rabe, Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1988 15
US Strategy for Latin America 17
Reading up on the Drug War, Review Essay 30
Review of: Cocaine Politics: Drugs, Armies and the CIA in Central America by Peter Dale Scott and Jonathan Marshall. The University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. 1991 34
The U.S. Andean Counter-Narcotics Initiative 35
III Caribbean and Central America
Review of: Conflict, Peace, and Development in the Caribbean by Jorge Rodriguez Beruff, J. Peter Figueroa and J. Edward Greene, Eds. St. Martin's Press, New York, 1991 39
On Castro and Cuba: Rethinking the Three Gs, Review Essay 40
Review of: Fidel Castro by Robert E. Quirk. New York, N.Y.: Norton Publisher, 1993 44
Review of: Operation ANADYR: U.S. and Soviet Generals Recount the Cuban Missile Crisis by Gen. Anatoli I. Gribkov and Gen. William Y. Smith. Edition Q Inc 45
Review of: Eyeball to Eyeball: The Inside Story of the Cuban Missile Crisis by Dino A. Brugioni (New York: Random House, 1992) 47
Castro's Cuba: Insular Immutability Amid Winds of Change 49
Review of: The Secret War in Central America: Sandinista Assault on World Order by John Norton Moore (Frederick, MD.: University Publications of America, 1987) 54
Review of: Cuba's Foreign Policy in The Middle East by Damian J. Fernandez (Boulder, Col.: Westview Press, 1988) 57
Cuba and Mexico: Profiles in 1994 58
Review of: Cien Biografias de Militares Distinguidos by Brig. Gen. Mario Perez Torres (Mexican Government Press, 1988); and Generals in The Palacio: The Military in Modern Mexico by Roderic Ai Camp (Oxford University Press, 1992); and Cuban Leadership After Castro: Biographies of Cuba's Top Commanders by Rafael Fermoselle (U. of Miami North-South Centre, 1992) 62
Invasion: A Small Step in a Long Process, Army Times, Nov. 12, 1994 63
Review of: Nicaragua v. United States: A Look at the Facts by Robert F. Turner (McLean, VA.: Pergamon-Brassey's, 1987) 67
Review of: Panama and the United States: The Forced Alliance by Michael L. Conniff, (Athens, GA.: The Univ. of Georgia Press, 1992) 68
Review of: Operation Just Cause: The Storming of Panama by Thomas Donnelly, Margaret Roth and Caleb Baker, (New York: Lexington Books, 1992) 69
Panama Today: The West Should Help 71
The Rough Rider Legacy: SUPERCOP in Panama 75
IV Columbia: A Case Model
Major General Manuel Sanmiguel Buenaventura, Colombian Army, Retired. Edited with introduction by Russell W. Ramsey. Translated from Spanish to English by Thomas Greg Bennett. Human Rights Violations in Colombia: Colombian Government and Military Perspectives 81
Review of: Testimonio de una Epoca Anos Signados por el Conflicto en el que han Vivido Inmersos el Estado y la Sociedad Colombianos Bajo el Rotulo de la Violencia. [Testimony of an Epoch; Years Marked by the Conflict in Which the State and Colombian Society Have Lived Immersed under the Banner of 'The Violence'] by General Alvaro Valencia Tovar (Bogota: Editorial Planeta, 1992) 102
US Narcotics Addiction Wrecks Colombian Democracy, January, 1990 105
Internal Defense in the 1980s: The Colombian Model 111
Janes D. Henderson. Review of: Zarpazo the Bandit: Memoirs of an Undercover Agent of the Colombian Army. By Evelio Buitrago Salazar. Edited by Russell W. Ramsey. Translated by M. Murray Lasley. University, Alabama, 1977. University of Alabama Press 124
The Colombian Battalion in Korea and Suez, October, 1967 125
Colombian Infantry Faces Insurgency 139
V European Influence
The Spanish Military Orders 147
The Defeat of Admiral Vernon at Cartagena in 1741 151
German Espionage in South America 1939-45 169
The Third Reich's Third Front 174
VI Revolution and Guerrilla Warfare
Review of: Guerrillas and Revolution in Latin America by Timothy P. Wickham-Crowley (Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey) 181
Review of: Latin American Revolutionaries: Groups, Goals, Methods by Michael Radu and Vladimir Tismaneau, Foreign Policy Institute Book, (Washington D.C.: Pergamon-Brassey, 1990) 182
Review of: Will It Liberate? Questions About Liberation Theology by Michael Novak (New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1986) 184
Review of: Guerrillas: The Men and Women Fighting Today's Wars by John Lee Anderson (New York: Times Books, 1993) 185
VII US-Latin American Military Relations
The Role of Latin America Armed Forces in the 1990s 187
U.S. Military Courses for Latin Americans are a Low-Budget Strategic Success 197
A Military Turn of Mind: Educating Latin American Officers 201
Review of: Hemispheric and U.S. Policy in Latin America, August Varas, ed., (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1989) 210
Training Latin American Forces 214
World Needs School of the Americas 224
Forty Years of Human Rights Training 227
Assembly's Call to Close School of the Americas Challenged 243
Notes 251
Bibliography 273
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