A Guide to Safe Material and Chemical Handling / Edition 1

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Overview

There have been many volumes written that claim to be the most "comprehensive" compendium or handbook on chemical data. There wieldy volumes are often too big and extraneous to be useful to the practicing engineer. This new volume aims to be the most useful "go to" volume for the working engineer, scientist, or chemist who needs quick answers to daily questions about materials or chemicals and doesn't want to go on long searches through voluminous tomes or lengthy internet searches. Covering only the most commonly used chemicals in the most important processes in industry, A Guide to Safe Material and Chemical Handling includes industrial chemicals, such as gases, fuels, and water, which are not incorporated in most "comprehensive" books on materials and chemical properties. Safety plans and procedures that can be implemented by any engineer or plant manager by following the easy, step-by-step instructions in the book are also provided.

A Guide to Safe Material and Chemical Handling:

Assembles useful engineering and properties data on materials of selection for process equipment, and the chemical properties, including toxicity of industrial solvents and chemicals

Outlines the safe handling of chemicals and provides guidance on material selection, fire protection, and corrosion

Contains tables covering the gamut of important materials, fuels, gases, liquids, and hydrocarbons and details the material strength, corrosion resistance, properties of fuels, gases, various solvents, and hydrocarbons, as well as fire and chemical reactivity information

A Guide to Safe Material and Chemical Handling covers the most up-to-date information and safety guidelines, and provides reference guides showing you, step-by-step, how to handle chemicals and other important processes, such as fire drills, writing and implementing evacuation plans, and first responses to emergencies. With so many accidents still occurring in industry today and so many hazards, this volume pinpoints the most common and easiest ways for the engineer to go about daily business safely, efficiently, and profitably, with no extraneous tables or theoretical treatises. A must have for any engineer, scientist, or chemist working with industrial chemicals.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470625828
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 3/15/2010
  • Series: Wiley-Scrivener Series , #4
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 480
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

NICHOLAS P. CHEREMISINOFF is a consultant to industry, international lending institutions and donor agencies on pollution prevention and responsible environmental care practices. With a career spanning more than 30 years, he is also the author, co-author or editor of more than 150 technical books and hundreds of state of the art review and scientific articles. He received his B.Sc., M.Sc., and Ph.D. degrees in chemical engineering from Clarkson College of Technology.

ANTON DAVLETSHIN received a degree in construction management from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and has most recently joined N&P Ltd, an environmental services group that focuses on pollution prevention and environmental management. Mr. Davletshin has focused on green building practices and technologies and has assisted N&P Ltd on a number of site investigations including the Tennessee Valley Authority flyash spill.

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Table of Contents

Preface ix

Author Biographies xi

List of Tables xiii

1 Corrosion 1

1.1 General Information 1

1.2 Types of Corrosion 1

1.3 Materials Evaluation and Selection 6

1.4 Corrosion Data 11

2 Material Properties and Selection 43

2.1 General Properties and Selection Criteria 43

2.2 Cast Irons 45

2.2.1 Gray Cast Iron 46

2.2.2 White Cast Iron 47

2.2.3 Malleable Cast Iron 47

2.2.4 Nodular Cast Iron 47

2.2.5 Austenitic Cast Iron 48

2.2.6 Abrasion Resistance 48

2.2.7 Corrosion Resistance 48

2.2.8 Temperature Resistance 50

2.2.9 Welding Cast Iron 52

2.3 Steels 52

2.3.1 Low Carbon Steels (Mild Steel) 53

2.3.2 Corrosion Resistance 53

2.3.3 Heat Resistance 54

2.3.4 Low Temperatures 54

2.3.5 High-Carbon Steels 54

2.3.6 Low-Carbon, Low-Alloy Steels 54

2.3.7 Mechanical Properties 54

2.3.8 Corrosion Resistance 55

2.3.9 Oxidation Resistance and Creep Strength 55

2.3.10 Low-Temperature Ductility 55

2.3.11 High-Carbon, Low-Alloy Steels 56

2.3.12 High-Alloy Steels 56

2.3.12.1 Chromium Steels (400 Series), Low-Carbon Ferritic (Type 405) 56

2.3.12.2 Medium Carbon Martensitic 56

2.3.12.3 Medium Carbon Ferrule 57

2.3.12.4 Chromium/Nickel Austenitic Steels (300 Series) 57

2.3.13 Precipitation Hardening Stainless Steels 58

2.4 Materials Properties Data Tables 58

3 Property Tables of Various Liquids, Gases, and Fuels 107

3.1 General Properties of Hydrocarbons 116

3.1.1 General Information 116

3.1.2 Isomers 119

3.1.3 Alkenes 121

3.1.4 Alkynes 125

3.1.5 Straight-Chain Hydrocarbon Nomenclature 125

3.1.6 Aromatic Hydrocarbons 127

3.1.7 Hydrocarbon Derivatives 129

3.1.8 Halogenated Hydrocarbons 130

3.1.9 Alcohols 133

3.1.10 Ethers 135

3.1.11 Ketones 136

3.1.12 Aldehydes 137

3.1.13 Peroxides 137

3.1.14 Esters 138

3.1.15 Amines 138

3.2 Fuel Properties 138

3.2.1 Crude Oil 139

3.2.2 Gasoline 154

3.2.3 Bioethanol and ETBE 155

3.2.4 Diesel Oil, Kerosene, Jet A1, and Biodiesel 156

3.2.5 Fuel Oil 158

3.2.6 Natural Gas, Biogas, LPG and Methane Hydrates 159

3.2.7 Hydrogen 161

4 General Guidelines on Fire Protection, Evacuation, First Responder, and Emergency Planning 165

4.1 Flammability Properties 165

4.1.1.1 General Information 165

4.1.1.2 Flammability Designation 170

4.1.2 Ignition Temperature 173

4.1.3 Flammability Limits 175

4.1.4 Vapor Density 175

4.1.5 Specific Gravity 178

4.1.6 Water Solubility 179

4.1.7 Responding to Fires 179

4.1.8 Firefighting Agents 184

4.1.8.1 Water 184

4.1.8.2 Foam 186

4.1.8.3 Alcohol-Resistant Foams 188

4.1.8.4 High Expansion Foams 189

4.1.8.5 Other Extinguishing Agents 189

4.1.8.6 Carbon Dioxide 190

4.1.9 Electrical Fire Prevention 190

4.1.10 Firefighting Guidance 192

4.1.10.1 Types 192

4.1.10.2 Firefighting Agents and Extinguishers 193

4.1.10.3 Vehicles 196

4.1.10.4 Firefighting Gear 196

4.1.11 Specialized Rescue Procedures 198

4.1.12 First Responder to Electrical Fire Incidents 199

4.1.13 Evacuation Planning 201

4.1.13.1 Designated Roles and Responsibilities 202

4.1.13.2 Preparation & Planning for Emergencies 202

4.1.14 Evacuation Procedure 203

4.1.15 General 204

4.1.16 Template for Emergency Evacuation Plan 204

5 Chemical Data 207

6 Chemical Safety Data 263

7 Recommended Safe Levels of Exposure 371

8 Fire and Chemical Reactivity Data 399

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