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A Guide to Understanding Dietary Supplements: Magic Bullets or Modern Snake Oil? / Edition 1
     

A Guide to Understanding Dietary Supplements: Magic Bullets or Modern Snake Oil? / Edition 1

by Shawn M Talbott, Robert Wildman
 

ISBN-10: 0789014564

ISBN-13: 9780789014566

Pub. Date: 12/28/2002

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Written by one of the foremost experts on sports nutrition and performance, A Guide to Understanding Dietary Supplements takes a critical look at the dietary supplement industry. With an estimated 60 percent of adult Americans using dietary supplements every day, the need for a thorough examination of the hundreds of products on the market is long overdue. This

Overview

Written by one of the foremost experts on sports nutrition and performance, A Guide to Understanding Dietary Supplements takes a critical look at the dietary supplement industry. With an estimated 60 percent of adult Americans using dietary supplements every day, the need for a thorough examination of the hundreds of products on the market is long overdue. This comprehensive guide (Selected as an Outstanding Academic Title by Choice Magazine) presents straightforward analysis from a consumer's perspective, giving you the facts on more than 140 supplements and information on which supplements work (and which don't!) for a wide range of health conditions—from preventing cancer and heart disease to fighting diabetes and depression.

United States Department of Agriculture surveys show that more than 70 percent of Americans fail to achieve daily recommended levels for many vitamins and minerals. With today's emphasis on fitness, millions are investing their money and health in quick-fix solutions-supplements promoted as cure-alls to right nutritional wrongs, lower the likelihood of disease, and work dietary miracles. A Guide to Understanding Dietary Supplements presents a more realistic view of supplements as neither miracle cure nor nutritional sham, but as consumer products to be accepted or rejected based on scientific fact, not fitness fantasy.

A Guide to Understanding Dietary Supplements looks at the pros and cons of dietary supplements in the areas of:

  • weight loss
  • bones and joints
  • energy, brain, and mood
  • heart, eye, and gastrointestinal health
  • male and female health
  • cancer, diabetes, and the immune system
  • sports and ergogenic aids
In addition, the book presents an overview of the dietary supplement industry and the regulations that govern it and looks at the process for developing new products. Designed to cut through the confusion surrounding dietary supplements, A Guide to Understanding Dietary Supplemens is an invaluable resource for students, educators and professionals who deal with nutrition, exercise, physical education, nursing, and anyone else interested in health and fitness.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780789014566
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
12/28/2002
Series:
Nutrition, Exercise, Sports, and Health Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
740
Sales rank:
1,353,314
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.30(h) x 1.80(d)

Table of Contents

Forewordxv
Forewordxvii
Prefacexix
Acknowledgmentsxxv
Chapter 1.Overview of the Dietary Supplement Industry and the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act1
Introduction1
What Are Dietary Supplements?2
Why Are Dietary Supplements So Popular?2
DSHEA4
Sources for Additional Information on Dietary Supplements11
Chapter 2.The Product Development Process for Dietary Supplements13
Introduction13
Drug Development As a Model for Dietary Supplements14
Consumer Product Development As a Model for Dietary Supplements15
New Product Development Approaches17
Adapting the NPD Process24
Encouraging Creativity25
Summary26
Chapter 3.Critical Evaluation of Dietary Supplements27
Introduction27
History of Use and Safety27
Claims Substantiation31
Scientific Support31
Third-Party Screening of Dietary Supplements36
Putting Dietary Supplement Claims into the Proper Perspective39
FDA Guidance on Scientific Review of Health Claims40
Advertising and Claims Substantiation for Dietary Supplements47
Chapter 4.Supplements for Weight Loss57
Introduction57
Exercise versus Diet57
Step Far Away from the Cheesecake58
Supplements That May Help60
Summary63
Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)64
Hydroxycitric Acid (HCA)67
Chitosan71
Glucomannan/Konjac74
Ma Huang/Ephedra77
Guarana82
Synephrine/Zhi Shi86
Carnitine89
Pyruvate93
Bladderwrack96
White Willow98
Chapter 5.Sports Supplements and Ergogenic Aids101
Introduction101
Supplements for Use with Exercise102
Functional Categorization of Sports Supplements106
Summary110
Creatine112
Ribose118
Amino Acids122
Branched-Chain Amino Acids (BCAAS)125
Androstenedione129
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)133
Beta-Hydroxy Beta-Methylbutyrate (HMB)137
Tribulus terrestris (Puncture Vine)140
Cordyceps sinensis143
Glycerol146
Ornithine Alpha-Ketoglutarate (OKG) or Alpha-Ketoglutarate (AKG)149
Gamma-Oryzanol/Ferulic Acid/Rice Bran Oil152
Medium-Chain Triglycerides (MCTs)156
Sodium Bicarbonate160
Protein Supplements164
Whey Protein167
Carnosine171
Proteolytic Enzymes175
Chapter 6.Supplements for Boosting Energy Levels181
Introduction181
Daily Eating Strategies182
Rest184
Supplements184
Ginseng187
Royal Jelly191
Bee Pollen195
B-Complex Vitamins197
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)199
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)201
Rhodiola203
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NADH)206
Sea Buckthorn209
Brewer's Yeast212
Inosine214
Chapter 7.Supplements for Bone Health217
Introduction217
Factors Associated with Skeletal Health218
Dietary Supplements for Healthy Bones220
Calcium222
Magnesium227
Boron230
Vitamin D234
Vitamin K238
Chapter 8.Supplements for Joint Health241
Introduction241
Causes of Arthritis and Conventional Treatments241
Practical Advice242
Contributing Factors242
Dietary Supplements243
Summary247
Glucosamine248
Chondroitin Sulfate (CS)251
Boswellia (Boswellia serrata)254
Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM)256
Hydrolyzed Collagen Protein (HCP)/Gelatin259
Devil's Claw262
Green-Lipped Mussel265
Sea Cucumber268
Chapter 9.Supplements for Mood and Brain Health271
Introduction271
The First Step--Diet and Exercise272
Dietary Supplements272
St. John's Wort276
5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP)282
Phenylalanine/D,L-Phenylalanine (DLPA)286
Phosphatidylserine (PS)290
Choline294
Ginkgo Biloba298
Huperzine A (HupA)304
Vinpocetine308
Kava-Kava311
S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe)316
Valerian320
Melatonin324
Feverfew327
Chapter 10.Supplements for Heart Health331
Introduction331
Opening Blood Vessels332
Strengthening the Heart Muscle335
Controlling Free Radical Damage337
Summary338
Red Yeast Rice (RYR)340
Soy343
Essential Fatty Acids and Omega-3 Fatty Acids348
Garlic356
Hawthorn360
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)/Ubiquinone362
Vitamin B6366
Vitamin B12371
Folic Acid376
Niacin380
Arginine385
Alfalfa389
Chapter 11.Supplements for Immune System Support393
Introduction393
Supporting Immune System Function393
Supplements394
Echinacea399
Goldenseal403
Astragalus406
Vitamin A409
Glutamine413
Zinc417
Colostrum421
Beta-Glucans425
Perilla Seed428
Cat's Claw431
Chapter 12.Supplements for Antioxidant Protection and Eye Health435
Antioxidants--Right Where You Need Them Most435
Dietary Supplements436
Key Points Regarding Dietary Supplements for Eye Health438
Antioxidants440
Lutein/Zeaxanthin446
Alpha-Lipoic Acid450
Bilberry/Blueberry454
Beta-Carotene457
Selenium462
Polyphenols/Bioflavonoids465
N-Acetylcysteine (NAC)469
Vitamin E473
Vitamin C481
Grape Seed Extract (GSE)/Pine Bark Extract486
Quercetin492
Chapter 13.Supplements for Gastrointestinal Health497
Introduction497
Common Gastrointestinal Conditions497
Supplements That May Be Helpful499
Fiber503
Aloe Vera508
Ginger511
Fructooligosaccharides (FOS)/Prebiotics515
Probiotics/Acidophilus519
Slippery Elm525
Mastic527
Yellow Dock530
Capsicum/Cayenne533
Chapter 14.Supplements for Male Health537
Introduction537
Enlarged Prostate537
Low Libido538
Supplements for Male Sexual Health539
Summary540
Saw Palmetto542
Pygeum546
Yohimbe/Quebracho550
Maca553
Chapter 15.Supplements for Female Health557
Introduction557
Menopause557
Premenstrual Syndrome559
Summary560
Damiana562
Black Cohosh565
Dong Quai568
Flaxseed/Linseed Oil571
Evening Primrose Oil575
Red Clover580
Vitex/Chasteberry583
Uva Ursi/Bearberry587
Horse Chestnut591
Cranberry596
Gotu Kola599
Chapter 16.Supplements for Support During Cancer603
Introduction603
What Is Cancer?603
Specialized Diets606
Dietary Supplements608
Green Tea616
Milk Thistle621
Schisandra/Schizandra625
Lycopene628
Shark Cartilage/Bovine Tracheal Cartilage633
Spirulina/Blue-Green Algae638
Chapter 17.Supplements for Support During Diabetes643
Introduction643
Supplements That May Help644
Summary649
Chromium651
Vanadium655
Banaba Leaf/Corosolic Acid658
Fenugreek660
Gymnema/Gurmar663
Dietary Supplement Master Chart667
Index675

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