Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety / Edition 1

Hardcover (Print)
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $34.75
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 76%)
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (10) from $34.75   
  • New (5) from $117.69   
  • Used (5) from $34.75   

Overview

Almost all the major accident investigations—Texas City, Piper Alpha, the Phillips 66 explosion, Feyzin, Mexico City—show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety. This book provides practical advice that can substantially reduce human error at all levels. In eight chapters—packed with case studies and examples of simple and advanced techniques for new and existing systems—the book challenges the assumption that human error is "unavoidable." Instead, it suggests a systems perspective. This view sees error as a consequence of a mismatch between human capabilities and demands and inappropriate organizational culture. This makes error a manageable factor and, therefore, avoidable.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816904617
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 8/15/2004
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 416
  • Sales rank: 1,161,936
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables.

Preface.

Glossary and Acronyms.

1. Introduction: The Role of Human Error in Chemical Process Safety.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 The Role of Human Error in System Accidents.

1.3 Why Is Human Error Neglected in the CPI?

1.4 Benefits of Improved Human Performance.

1.5 The Traditional and System-induced Error Approach.

1.6 A Demand-Resource Mismatch View of Error.

1.7 A Case Study Illustrating the System-Induced Error Approach.

1.8 From Theory to Practice.

1.9 Appendix Case Studies.

2. Understanding Human Performance and Error.

2.1 Purpose of the Chapter.

2.2 Concepts of Human Error.

2.3 An Overview of the Four Perspective on Human Error.

2.4 The Traditional Safety Engineering Approach to Accidents and Human Error.

2.5 The Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics Approach (HF/E).

2.6 The Cognitive Engineering Perspective.

2.7 The Sociotechnical Perspective.

2.8 Summary.

2.9 Appendix 2A. Process Plant Example of the Stepladder Model.

2.10 Appendix 2B. Flowcharts for Using the Rasmussen Sequential Model for Incident Analysis (Petersen, 1985).

2.11 Appendix 2C. Case Study Illustrating the Use of the Sequential Model.

3. Factors Affecting Human Performance in the Chemical Industry.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Applications of Performance-Influencing Factors.

3.3 A Classification Structure for Performance-Influencing Factors.

3.4 Operating Environment.

3.5 Task Characteristics.

3.6 Operator Characteristics.

3.7 Organizational and Social Factors.

3.8 Interaction of Performance-Influencing Factors.

3.9 Variability of Human Performance during Normal and Emergency Situations.

3.10 Summary.

4. Analytical Methods for Predicting and Reducing Human Error.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Data Acquisition Techniques.

4.3 Task Analysis.

4.4 Human Error Analysis Techniques.

4.5 Ergonomics Checklists.

4.6 Summary.

5. Qualitative and Quantitative Prediction of Human Error in Risk Assessment.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 The Role of Human Reliability in Risk Assessment.

5.3 System for Predictive Error Analysis and Reduction (SPEAR).

5.4 Critical Task Identification and Screening Analysis.

5.5 Qualitative Human Error Analysis.

5.6 Representation.

5.7 Quantification.

5.8 Summary.

5.9 Appendix 5A. Influence Diagram Calculations.

6. Data Collection and Incident Analysis Methods.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 An Overview of Data Collection Systems.

6.3 Types of Data Collection Systems.

6.4 Organizational and Cultural Aspects of Data Collection.

6.5 Types of Data Collected.

6.6 Methods of Data Collection, Storage, and Retrieval.

6.7 Data Interpretation.

6.8 Root Cause Analysis Techniques.

6.9 Implementing and Monitoring the Effectiveness of Error Reduction Measures.

6.10 Setting Up a Data Collection System in a Chemical Plant.

6.11 Summary.

7. Case Studies.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Case Study 1: Incident Analysis of Hydrocarbon Leak from Pipe.

7.3 Case Study 2: Incident Investigation: Mischarging of Solvent in a Batch Plant.

7.4 Case Study 3: Design of Standard Operating Procedures for Task in Case Study 2.

7.5 Case Study 4: Design of Visual Display Units for Computer-Controlled Plant.

7.6 Case Study 5: Audit of Offshore Emergency Blowdown Operations.

8. Implementing an Integrated Error and Process Safety Management System at the Plant.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Managing Human Error by Design.

8.3 Setting Up an Error Management System in an Existing Plant.

8.4 Summary.

References.

Bibliography.

Index.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)