Gun Control in the Third Reich: Disarming the Jews and

Gun Control in the Third Reich: Disarming the Jews and "Enemies of the State"

by Stephen P. Halbrook
Gun Control in the Third Reich: Disarming the Jews and

Gun Control in the Third Reich: Disarming the Jews and "Enemies of the State"

by Stephen P. Halbrook


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Based on newly-discovered, secret documents from German archives, diaries and newspapers of the time, Gun Control in the Third Reich presents the definitive, yet hidden history of how the Nazi regime made use of gun control to disarm and repress its enemies and consolidate power. The countless books on the Third Reich and the Holocaust fail even to mention the laws restricting firearms ownership, which rendered political opponents and Jews defenseless. A skeptic could surmise that a better-armed populace might have made no difference, but the National Socialist regime certainly did not think so—it ruthlessly suppressed firearm ownership by disfavored groups.

Gun Control in the Third Reich spans the two decades from the birth of the Weimar Republic in 1918 through Kristallnacht in 1938. The book then presents a panorama of pertinent events during World War II regarding the effects of the disarming policies. And even though in the occupied countries the Nazis decreed the death penalty for possession of a firearm, there developed instances of heroic armed resistance by Jews, particularly the Warsaw ghetto uprising.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781598131628
Publisher: Independent Institute, The
Publication date: 01/14/2014
Pages: 280
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Stephen P. Halbrook is a Research Fellow with the Independent Institute who has argued and won three constitutional law cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Dr. Halbrook is the author of eight books including The Founders’ Second Amendment: Origins of the Right to Bear Arms; Securing Civil Rights: Freedmen, the Fourteenth Amendment, and the Right To Bear Arms; That Every Man Be Armed: The Evolution of a Constitutional Right; A Right to Bear Arms: State and Federal Bills of Rights and Constitutional Guarantees; Target Switzerland (also in German, French, Italian, and Polish editions); and The Swiss and the Nazis: How the Alpine Republic Survived in the Shadow of the Third Reich. He holds a Ph.D. in philosophy from Florida State University and J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center. His popular articles have appeared in the Wall Street Journal, San Antonio Express-News, Environmental Forum, USA Today, and Washington Times, and he has appeared on numerous national TV/radio programs such as “The Phil Donahue Show” and programs on Fox Business Network, Court TV, Voice of America, CNN, and C-SPAN.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction xv

Part I Dancing on a Volcano: The Weimar Republic

1 Insurrection and Repression 3

2 The 1928 Law on Firearms 15

3 Keeping Firearm Registrations out of the Wrong Hands? 25

Part II 1933: Enter the Führer

4 The Nazi Seizure of Power 49

5 Disarming the Politically Unreliable: The Case of Brandenburg 69

6 Defining Enemies of the State 79

Part III Gleichschaltung: Forcing into Line

7 From the Night of the Long Knives to the Nürnberg Laws 97

8 The Gestapo 111

9 Hitler's Gun Control Act 123

Part IV Reichskristallnacht: Night of the Broken Glass

10 October Prelude: Arresting Jewish Firearm Owners 145

11 Goebbels Orchestrates a Pogrom 163

12 Jewish Victims Speak 187

Conclusion: Whither the German Resistance? 203

Bibliography 221

Credits for Illustrations 235

Index 237

About the Author 247

Illustrations between 112 and 113

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