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Gypsies in the Ottoman Empire: A Contribution to the History of the Balkans (Interface Collection)

Overview

"The Roma presence in the European part of the Ottoman Empire - the Balkans - is centuries old and it is not by accident that this region has often been called the second motherland of the Gypsies. From this region Gypsies moved westwards taking with them inherited Balkan cultural models and traditions." The Ottoman Empire for over five centuries had a profound influence on the overall cultural and historical development of the region, including the states established in the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries whose national ideologies were
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Overview

"The Roma presence in the European part of the Ottoman Empire - the Balkans - is centuries old and it is not by accident that this region has often been called the second motherland of the Gypsies. From this region Gypsies moved westwards taking with them inherited Balkan cultural models and traditions." The Ottoman Empire for over five centuries had a profound influence on the overall cultural and historical development of the region, including the states established in the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries whose national ideologies were based on opposition to the Empire. This book concentrates on the Balkans, since a high proportion of the Gypsy population of the Ottoman Empire was concentrated in the Balkans and there is considerable evidence about them. The authors offer an interpretation of the position of Gypsies in the general ethnic picture in the Ottoman Empire based on archival sources, mainly detailed tax registers, special laws, guild registers and court documents. Notes on Gypsies in books by foreign travellers are also included. The specific social organisation, way of life and culture of the Gypsies are explored. It includes a large amount of previously unknown data illustrating the early history of Roma communities.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781902806020
  • Publisher: University of Hertfordshire Press
  • Publication date: 8/28/2001
  • Series: Interface Collection
  • Pages: 108
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.26 (d)

Table of Contents

The Balkans - the second home of the Gypsies 7
The beginning of the Gypsy migrations
The first stage of migration 12
The arrival of the Gypsies in the Balkans 13
The Gypsies in the Byzantine Empire 15
The Gypsies in the Balkan states 18
The Gypsies on the eve of the Ottoman invasion 20
The rise and glory of the Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman invasion of the Balkans 23
Ottoman conquests and the building of the Empire 24
Historical sources about the Gypsies in the Empire 26
The Gypsies in the tax registers 27
What we learn from the tax registers 28
The Gypsies - Christians and Muslims 29
What were the names of the Gypsies? 30
Law concerning the Gypsies in the province of Rumelia 32
The Gypsy sanjak - Gypsies in the Ottoman army 34
The nomadic Gypsies 35
Settling the Gypsies 38
Sub-contracting the collection of taxes 39
How Gypsies earned their living 41
Conflicts with the law 44
Loose women 45
European travellers 46
Civil status of the Gypsies 46
Official legislation and everyday reality 47
Gypsy migrations within the Balkans 50
The decline and twilight of the Ottoman Empire
The crisis in the Empire and its prolonged agony 51
Historical sources about the Gypsies 53
The evidence of Johan Kempelen 55
Demographic data 55
The Gypsies and the time of reform 57
Mustafa Shibil 59
The nomadic Gypsies 63
The Gypsy farmworkers 64
The Gypsy musicians 65
Gypsy crafts 67
A Gypsy proletariat 69
The national revival of the Balkan people 69
The Gypsy poll-tax in Serbia 70
The Gypsies and the religious institutions 72
Attitudes towards the Gypsies 74
The beginning of Gypsy emancipation 76
The first Romani poet? 79
The slavery of the Gypsies in Wallachia and Moldavia 84
The Gypsy migrations 86
The end of the Ottoman Empire 89
The horror of Kosovo: the legacy of the Ottomans 91
Glossary 93
Notes 97
Bibliography 101
List of illustrations 107
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